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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is a chemical bond?
An attraction between atoms or ions
What are the two types of bonds?
Covalent and ionic
Covalent bond is where electrons are...
shared
Ionic bonds are where electrons are...
transferred
Ionic compounds form between a (4 types:
metal and nonmetal, metal and polyion, transition metal and nonmetal, hydrogen and nonmetal
2 reasons why bonds form:
greater stability and lower energy
Name and formula for fertilizer
ammonium nitrate, NH4NO3
K2SO4
potassium sulfate
HI(g)
hydrogen iodide
What is electronegativity?
a method to decide how the electrons are used in a compound
Electronegativity: 0
pure covalent
Electronegativity: 0.6
polar covalent
Electronegativity: 1.7
ionic
Pure covalent means:
equal sharing of electrons
The smaller electronegative value gets the delta...
+
Solid to a gas
sublimation
solid to liquid
melting
liquid to solid
freezing
liquid to gas
evaporation
gas to solid
deposition
(ex. frost.)
Acids taste:
sour
Bases taste:
bitter
Acids turn litmus paper:
red
Acids will disolve metals such as iron, zinc, and magnesium and release a _______ gas
H2
A strong acid breaks apart _____ in water
100%
A weak acid breaks apart ____ in water
only partially
0-6 on pH scale
acidic
7 on pH scale
neutral
8-14 on pH scale
basic
Prefixes: 1
mono
Prefixes: 2
di
Prefixes: 3
tri
Prefixes: 4
tetra
Prefixes: 5
penta
Prefixes: 6
hexa
Prefixes: 7
hepta
Prefixes: 8
octa
Prefixes: 9
nona
Prefixes: 10
deca
hydroxide
OH-
nitrite
NO2-
nitrate
NO3-
hydrogen carbonate
HCO3-
cyanide
CN-
acetate
C2H3O2
carbonate
CO3 2-
sulfate
SO4 2-
sulfite
SO3 2-
phosphate
PO4 3-
phosphite
pO3 3-