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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The nervous system is made up of two parts, the_____nervous system which includes the brain and spinal cord. The _____nervous system which includes all of the nerve fibers running to and from the brain and spinal cord.
1. Central
2. Peripheral
2 types of neurons discussed in class.
1. Sensory 'afferet'
2. motor 'efferent'
T or F
an efferent neuron is a motor neuron
True
Receives nerve impulses
Dendrites
Contains chromosomes/genes
'provides energy'
Soma 'cell body'
Fiber parts of the neuron
where messages travel along
Axon
Chemical connection between neurons
Synapse
Neurons communicate by means of chemical substances called_______.
Neurotransmitters
What part of the nervous system is responsible for regulating the vital organs
Autonomic
T or F
we are usually aware of the Autonomic nervous system and are able to control this part of our nervous system.
False
This part of the nervous system is responsible for the
'fight or flight' response
Sympathetic
4 methods for studying the brain
1. Accidents
2. Electrical Stimulation
3. EEG
4. Cat scan, MRI, Pet scan
How many parts is the brain divided into?
3
Which of the following is not part of the Forebrain?
a. Cerebral Cortex
b. Corpus Callosum
c. Medualla
d. Thalamus
e. Basal Ganglia
List 3 functions of the Left hemisphere
1. problem solving
2. logic
3. mathemathical computation
List 3 functions of the Right hemisphere
1. art
2. feelings
3. imagination
This lobe of the brain is concerned with different aspect of vision
Occipital Lobe
This lobe of the brain plays a key role in processing sound, visul memories and comprehending languag
Temporal Lobe
A metal rod shot upward through his brain and out the top of his head severing his temporal lobe from his limbic system
False statement regarding Phineas Gage
The thinking part of the Brain
Cerebral Cortex
Involved in the functions of attention, SLEEP, alertness and respiration. It also transmits information about body movement
Pons
Controld the autonomic nervous system and the edocrine system. It is involved in the activities of fighting, feeding, fleeing and mating
Hypothalamus
Invovled in maintaing balance and controlling coordination
Cerebellum
Vital in the functions of attention, sleep and arousal
'It is a filtering system for awareness'
Reticular Activating System
Involved in vital functions such as heart rate, blood pressure and breathing
Medulla
It is made up of several structures. It is involed in learning, memory, emotion, hunger, sex and aggression
The limbic system
Serves as a relay station for sensory information (the post office)
Thalamus
Involved in the control of postural movements and the coordination of the limbs. Dopamine is produced here.
Basal Ganglia
A bundle of nerve fibers that connects the left and the right hemisphere
Corpus Callosum
Having or exhibiting religious reverence; earnestly compliant in the observance of religion; devout.
Commendable; worthy:
pious
capable of being perceived especially by the sense of touch
tangible
Expressing a command or plea; peremptory
Having the power or authority to command or control.
imperative
Of or relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state
civil
Inclined to keep one's thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself
Restrained or reserved in style.
Reluctant; unwilling. ---- Not speaking freely or openly
reticent
to cut off the head
decapitate
saving or rescuing a ship or its cargo
salvage
to accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively
acquiesce
relating to, or constituting the grammatical mood that expresses the will to influence the behavior of another
having power to restrain, control, and direct
imperative
soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot
infantry
Something signified or referred to; a particular meaning of a symbol. indication.
The most specific or direct meaning of a word
denotation
unpleasant work
drudgery
courtesy; politeness --- a polite action or expression
civility
a state of society without government or law
anarchy
a severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting, intellectual deterioration, social isolation, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
schizophrenia
disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved-- reluctant or restrained
reticence
a spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound
fungus
to achieve or earn by appealing to another's curiosity, fancy, or interest
intrigue