Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study is musculoskeletal movement is _________.
kinesiology
Kinesiology is a branch of ___________, which deals with a broad range of motions, and mechanical processes in the body.
biomechanics
___________ is an immovable joint formed when the gap between two bones ossifies and they become, in effect, a single bone.
bone joint / synostosis
__________ is a point at which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fiber that emerge from one bone, cross the space between them, snd penetrate in the other.
fibrous joint
____________ immovable joints that closely bind the bones of the skull to each other; they occue nowhere else.
sutures
______________ appears as wavy lines along which the adjoining bones firmly interlock with each other by their serrated margins, like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.
serrate sutures
_____________ occurs where two bones have overlapping beveled edges, like a milter joint in carpentry.
lap suture
____________ occurs where two bones have straight, nonoverlapping edges.
plane sutures
____________ fibrous joint at which two bones re bound by longer collagenous fibers than in a suture or gomphosis, giving the bones more mobility.
syndesmosis
__________ joints in which the bones are bound by hyaline cartilage.
synchondrosis
_________ - two bones are joined by fibrocartilage.
symphysis
__________ joint can be defined as one in which two bones are separated by a film of slippery synovial fluid.
synovial joint
_________- layers of hyaline cartilage about 2 mmm thick in young, healthy movements almost frictions-free.
articular cartilage
__________ encloses the cavity and retains the fluid.
joint capsule
Cartilage grows inward from the joint capsule and forms a pad is called ____________.
srticular disc
___________ is a strip or sheet of tough collagenous connective tissue that attached a muscle to a bone.
tendon
___________ is a fibrous sac filled with synovial fluid located between adajacent muscles or whre a tendon passes over a bone.
bursa
___________ are elongated cylindrical bursae wrapped around a tendon, seen especially in the hand and foot.
tendons
____________degreeee through which a joint can move .
range of motion
____________ passes through the bone in a direction perpendicular to the plane of movement.
axis of rotation
__________ are shoulder and hip joints, only multiaxial joints in the body.
ball and socket joints
___________ joints exhibit an oval convex surface on the one bone that fits into a similarly shaped depression on the other.
condyloid joints
____________ are bones that have a saddle shaped surface, concave in one direction and convex in the other.
saddle joints
____________ joint ia a bone surfacews are flat or only slightly concave and convex.
gliding joint
___________ joint are esssentially monaxial joints moving freely in one plane with very little movement in any other.
hinge joint
__________ joints are moaxial joins in whic a bone spins on its longitudinal axis.
pivot joints
___________ is a movement that decreases a joint angle, usually in the sagittal plane.
flexion
movement that straighten a joint and generally returns a body part to the zero position.
extension
movement that raises a body part vertically in the frontal plane.
elevation
_____ lowers a body part in the transverse plane.
protraction
___________ is one end of an appendage remains fairly stationary while the other end makes a circular motion.
circumduction
____________ of the forearm is a movement that turns the palm to face anteriorly or upward; in anatomical position, the arm is supine and the radius is parallel to the ulna.
Supination
___________ is the opposite movement causing the palm to face posteriorly or downward, and the radius to cross the ulna like an X.
pronation
____________ tilting the head o the trunk to the right or left of the midline.
lateral flaxion
Entails a side to side movement of the mandible is called __________.
lateral excursion
____________ tilts the hand toward the little fingers.
Ulnar flexion
___________ tilts the hands toward the thumb.
radial flexion
___________ is a movement.
dorsiflexion
______________ is a shoulder joint where the hemispherical head of the humerus articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula.
humeroscapular joint
___________ fibrocartilafe around its margin ; makes it somewhat deeper then it looks on a dried skeleton.
glenoid labrum
____________ is fused to the joint capsule on all sides except he inferior.
rotator cuff
___________ attached to the rim.
acetabular labrum
_____________ joint is the largest and most complex diarthrosis of the body.
tibiofemoral joint