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21 Cards in this Set

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What is a gymnosperm?
A gymnosperm is a type of seed plant.
What is the food that is produced by photosynthesis called?
Glucose
What are the brown structures on the underside of ferns called?
Spore cases or sori
What is the difference between simple leaves and compound leaves?
Simple leaves have only one blade. Compound leaves have more than one blade.
What are vascular plants
Plants that have transporting tubes that carry material throughout the plant.
What is the food storing part of a seed called?
Cotyledon
What are two ways ferns reproduce?
Sexually- in the gametophyte stage

Asexually- in the sporophyte stage.
What are the male and female parts of a flower?
The male part is called the stamen. The female part is called the pistil.
In what geological period were ferns most abundant on earth?
Carboniferous period
Name three kinds of gymnosperms.
Cycads, conifers, and gingkoes are all types of gymnosperms.
What is a fern's stem called?
Rhizome
What is a stomata?
The opening in a leaf where air containing carbon dioxide enters the leaf.
What do guard cells do?
Guard cells regulate the opening and closing of the stomata.
What are three things root hairs do for a plant?
1. Increase the surface area of the root.
2. Take in water from the soil.
3. Take in minerals from the soil.
What is pollination?
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma.
What is the tissue that forms tubes to carry food in a plant called?
Phloem
What is the name of the process by which water is released from leaves to the air?
Transpiration

Stems that are soft and green are called what?
Herbaceous
What are the parts of the pistil?
The style, the stigma, and the ovary. Inside the ovary are the ovules (eggs)
What is the equation for photosynthesis?
6CO2 + 6H2O ---> C6H12O6 + O2
What is an annual ring on a tree?
One year's growth of xylem tissue.