Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is an abstraction that purports to account for or explain phenomena?
Theory
There are two types of theories: __________, __________, _________, and ________.
Classical theory
Descriptive theory
Grand theory
Middle-range theory
What is a Classical Theory?
An abstract generalization that systematically explains relationships among phenomena.
What is a Descriptive theory?
A theory that thoroughly describes a phenomenon, based on rich observations of it
What is a Grand theory?
A theory that attempts to explain large aspects of human experiences
What is a Middle-range theory?
A theory that focuses on a specific aspect of human experience (e.g., stress)
What are Conceptual Models?
~Deal with abstractions, assembled in a coherent scheme
~Represent a less formal attempt to explain phenomena than theories
~Do not have formal propositions about relationships among phenomena
What is a Framework?
The overall conceptual underpinnings of a study
What are the 2 type of frameworks?
Theoretical framework and Conceptual framework
What is a Conceptual framework?
A study that is based on a conceptual model
What is a Theoretical framework?
based on theory
What are the Commonalities between Theories and Conceptual Models?
~use concepts as building blocks
~require conceptual definitions of key concepts
~can be depicted in schematic models
~are created by humans
~are developed inductively
~cannot be proved—they are supported to greater or lesser degrees
~can be used to generate hypotheses
~can serve as a stimulus to research
What are the four concepts central to models of nursing?
Person
Environment
Health
Nursing
What are two Conceptual models of nursing?
Roy’s Adaptation Model
Orem’s Self-Care Model
What are two other models developed by nurses:
~Pender’s Health Promotion Model (HPM)
~Mishel’s Uncertainty in Illness Theory
What are four examples of Non-Nursing Models Used by Nurse Researchers? (Shared theories)
~Becker’s Health Belief Model (HBM)
~Lazarus and Folkman’s Theory of Stress and Coping
~Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)
~Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory
What are the Theories in Qualitative Research?
~Substantive theory
~Theory embedded in a research tradition
-Grounded theory
-Ethnography
-Phenomenology
What is Substantive theory?
conceptualizations of the target phenomena
What is the use of Theories or Models in Quantitative Research?
~Testing a theory
~Testing two competing theories
~Testing a theory-based intervention
~Using a theory/model as an organizing structure
~Fitting a problem into theory after-the-fact (not recommended)
A set of logically interrelated propositions is associated with a:
Classical theory
The power of theories lies in their ability to:
Explicate the nature of the relationships that exist among phenomena
The overall purpose of a theory is to:
Make scientific findings meaningful and generalizable
The building blocks of theory are:
Concepts
The major similarity between theories and conceptual models is that both:
Use concepts as their building blocks
The Health Promotion Model would best be described as a:
Middle-range theory
Which of the following is not a central concept in conceptual models of nursing?
A) Person
B) Social support
C) Health
D) Environment
Social support
The nurse-theorist Orem developed the:
Model of Self-Care
The nurse-theorist Roy developed the:
Adaptation Model
The nurse-theorist Mishel developed the:
Uncertainty in Illness Model
Lazarus and Folkman's Theory of Stress and Coping is an example of:
A shared theory
An ideational theory is a type of theory that might be used in a(n):
Ethnography
Classical theories offer an explanation not only of the relationship between variables but also of the nature of the relationship.
True
Descriptive theories can involve a thorough description or classification of a single phenomenon.
True
Deductive reasoning is the basic intellectual process used in developing a theory.
False
Theories can never be positively proved.
True
Failure of research to disconfirm a theory increases support for the theory.
True
Grounded theory is to descriptive theory as a schematic model is to a statistical model.
False
A conceptual framework may be defined as a well-formulated deductive system of abstract formal propositions.
False
Research projects that are not based on theory have little utility to the nursing profession.
False
Schematic models attempt to represent reality with a minimal use of words.
True