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39 Cards in this Set

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Broad flat lowland area surrounded by higher land
Basin
thick tropical forests of the Amazon basin in Brazil
Selva
steep cliff separating two fairly flat land surfaces, one higher then the other
Escarpment
plant fiber used to make rope
Sisal
in Brazil, term used for urban slum areas
Favela
large, rassy plains regions of Latin America
llanos
electric power generated by falling water
Hydroelectric power
hight above sea level
Altitude
in Latin American history, a military dictator
Caudillo
descrbing a country that has no land on a sea or ocean
Landlock
small country located between larger often hostile, states
Buffer State
country in which government money is used to provide needy people with health care, unemployment benefits and so on
Welfare State
in southern South America, a cowhand on horeseback
Gaucho
plant whose roots are ground into flour and eaten; in tapioca pudding, for example
Cassava
What are Uruguay's major economic activities?
Raising Sheep and Cattle
What region does most of the people in Paraguay live?
East
Uruguay has been a buffer state between what towo countries?
Brazil and Argentina
What divides Paraguay into east and west regions?
Paraguay River
What country was Uruguay once a colony of?
Spain
What European country did settlers come from to live in Paraguay?
Spain
What are the two major economic activities in Paraguay?
Forestry and Farming
What two industries have the Brazilian government encouraged in the north?
Logging and Mining
What is the name of the large highland area in Brazil?
The Brazilian Highlands
What is the largest country in South America?
Brazil
What region do you find Brazil's major cities and centers of industry?
Southeast
What type of climate is found in the Amazon basin? Brazil's highland areas climate?
tropical rain forest climate, tropical savanna climate
Why did the Brazilian government move the capital city inland away from the coast?
they moved the capital city to encourage people to move the the less populated inland areas, rather than the crowded coastal areas
What has ruined much of the land in the northeast?
Overgrazing of the land
Brazil was once a controlled by what European country?
Portugal
What is the largest lake in South America?
Lake Maracaibo
In what highland area the most of Venezuela's people?
Andean Highland
What group of people once controlled Guyana as a colony?
British
What river is a valuable source of hydroelectric power in Venezuela?
Orinoco
What group of people once controlled Suriname as a colony?
Dutch
What is the major language in Venezuela? Major religion?
Spanish, Roman Catholic
What has made Venezuela one of the wealthiest countries in South America?
Oil production
After Native Americans and Africans were used as slaves in Guyana, who came to work the sugarcane fields voluntarily?
Asians
What is Guyanna's marjor agricultural product?
sugar
What did France use the area of French Guiana for from the 1790's to the 1940's?
It was used as a place for French prisoners