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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Group structured by management to carry out designated functions and accomplish certain objectives.
Group structured by management to carry out designated functions and accomplish certain objectives.
Group structured by management to carry out designated functions and accomplish certain objectives.
Informal Organization
Informal gatherings of people, apart from the formal organizational structure, that satisfy members' social and other needs.
Unity-of-Command Principle
Principle that holds that each employee should directly report to only one supervisor.
Span-of-Management Principle
Principle that there is an upper limit to the number os subordinates a supervisor can manage effectively.
Lead Person
Employee in charge of other employees who performs limited mangerial functions but is not considered part of management.
Division of Work (Specialization)
Dividing work into components and specialized tasks to improve efficiency and output.
The process of grouping activities and people into distinct organizational units.
An organizational unit for which a supervisor has responsibility and authority.
Formal Organizational Structure
Departments, positions, functions, and authority and reporting relationships as depicted on a firm's organization chart.
Principle of Organizational Stability
Principle that holds that no organization should become overly dependent on one or several "indispensable" individuals.
Line Authority
The right to direct others and to require them to conform to decisions, policies, rules, and objectives.
Staff Authority
The right to provide cousnel, advice, support, and service in a person's areas of expertise.
Line-and-Staff-Type Organizational Structure
Structure that combines line and staff departments and incorporates line and staff authority.
Matrix-T;ype Organizational Structure
A hybrid structure in which regular, functional departments coexist with project teams, made up of people from different departments.
Organization Chart
Graphic portrayal of a company's authority and responsibility relationships.
Organization Manual
Written description of authority and responsibilities of managerial and supervisory positions, as well as formal channels, major objectives, and policies and procedures.
Job Description
Written description of the principal duties and responsibilities of a job.
Job Specification
Written description of the personal qualifications needed to perform a job adequately.
Downsizing (Restructuring, Right-Sizing)
Large-scale reduction and elimination of jobs in a company that usually reduces middle-level managers, removes organizational levels, and widens the span of management for remaining supervisors.
Self-Directed (Self-Managed) Work Teams (SDWTs)
When employee groups are given wide latitude and considerable authority to make many of their own job-related decisions.
Concept of restructuring a firm based on processes and customer needs and services, rather than on departments and functions.
Horizontal Corporation
A very flat firm resulting from restructuring by customer process and organizational structure.
Virtual Corporation
Companies linked temporarily to take advantage of marketplace opportunities.