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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
roughing in
The installation of mechanical, electrical, and plumbing components that will not be exposed to view in the finished building.
DWV (drain-waste-vent) pipes
The part of the plumbing system of a building that removes liquid wastes and conducts them to the sewer or sewage disposal system.
supply pipes
A pipe that brings clean water to a plumbing fixture.
A hollow conduit, commonly of sheet metal, through which air can be circulated in a central heating or cooling system.
hydronic heating system
A system that circulates warm water through convectors to heat a building.
A heat exchange device that uses the heat in steam, hot water, or an electric resistance element to warm the air in a room; often called, inaccurately, a radiator.
radiant heating system
Providing heat to spaces and their inhabitants by heating one or more surfaces of each room. The heated surface is usually either the floor or the ceiling. Heat is usually provided either by electric resistance coils or by hot-water tubing.
Wood interior finish components of a building, including moldings, windows, doors, cabinets, stairs, mantels, and the like.
thermal insulation
A material that greatly retards the passage of heat.
glass fiber batt
A thick, fluffy, nonwoven insulating blanket of filaments spun from glass.
A numerical measure of resistance to the flow of heat.
radiant barrier
A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
vapor retarder
A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly.
vapor barrier
A less accurate term for vapor retarder.
air-to-air heat exchanger
A device that exhausts air from a building while recovering much of the heat from the exhausted air and transferring it to the incoming air.
airtight drywall approach (ADA)
Restricting the passage of water vapor into the insulated cavities of a light frame building by eliminating passages around and through the gypsum board interior finish.
A complex polymeric carbohydrate of which the structural fibers in wood are composed.
rock wool
An insulating material manufactured by forming fibers from molten rock.
A diagonal cut at the end of a piece; the joint produced by joining 2 diagonally cut pieces at right angles.
polystyrene foam
A thermoplastic foam with thermal insulating properties.
polyurethane foam
A thermosetting foam with thermal insulating properties.
ash dump
A door in the underfire of a fireplace that permits ashes from the fire to be swept into a chamber beneath, from which they may be removed at a later time.
A cementitious material, usually based on gypsum or portland cement, applied to lath or masonry in paste form, to harden into a finish surface.
A base material to which plaster is applied.
gypsum board (drywall)
An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces. Also called drywall or plasterboard.
veneer plaster
A wall finish system in which a thin finish layer of plaster is applied over a special gypsum board base.
A passage for smoke and combustion products from a furnace, stove, water heater, or fireplace.
A flap to control or obstruct the flow of gases; specifically, a metal control flap in the throat of a fireplace or in an air duct.
smoke shelf
The horizontal area behind the damper of a fireplace.
The floor of the firebox in a fireplace.
The thicker end, such as the lower edge of a wood shingle or the lower end of a tree trunk; a joint between square-edged pieces; a weld between square-edged pieces of metal that lie in the same plane; a type of door hinge that attaches to the edge of the door.
A strip of finish material placed at the junction of a floor and a wall to create a neat intersection and to protect the wall against damage from feet, furniture, and floor-cleaning equipment.
A small, vertical member that serves to fill the opening between a handrail and a stair or floor.
hollow-core door
A door consisting of two face veneers separated by an airspace, with solid wood spacers around the four edges. The face veneers are usually connected by a grid of thin spacers within the airspace.
A difference in elevation, such as the rise of a stair from one floor to the next or the rise per foot of run in a sloping roof.
Horizontal dimension in a stair or sloping roof.
A single vertical increment of a stair; the vertical face between two treads in a stair; a vertical run of plumbing, wiring, or ductwork.
One of the horizontal planes that make up a stair.
A platform in or at either end of a stair.
A strip of wood, plastic, or plaster with an ornamental profile.
finish carpentry
The wood components exposed to view on the interior of a building, such as window and door casings, baseboards, bookshelves, and the like.
Z-brace door
A door made of vertical planks held together and braced on the back by three pieces of wood whose configuration resembles the letter Z.
panel door
A wood door in which one or more thin panels are held by stiles and rails.
flush door
A door with smooth, planar faces.
solid-core door
A flush door with no internal cavities.
prehung door
A door that is hinged to its frame in a factory or shop.
The wood finish pieces surrounding the frame of a window or door; a cylindrical steel tube used to line a drilled or driven hole in foundation work.
split jamb
A door frame fabricated in two interlocking halves, to be installed from the opposite sides of an opening.
nail set
A hardened steel punch used to drive the head of a nail to a level below the surface of the wood.
A broad, thin piece of wood; a sheet of building material such as plywood or particleboard; a prefabricated building component that is broad and thin, such as a curtain wall panel; a rectangular area within a truss bounded by two vertical interior members.
A vertical framing member in a panel door.
A horizontal framing piece in a panel door; a handrail.
A panel laid over a subfloor to create a smooth, stiff surface for the application of finish flooring.