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31 Cards in this Set

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Minoans
the earliest civilization in the vicinity of Greece
Knossos
the capital of the Minoans
Mycenaeans
the earliest civilization on the mainland of Greece
Mycenae
the city for which the Mycenaeans are named
Dorians
the invaders from the north which destroyed the Mycenaeans
Homer
a blind poet who wrote the Odyssey and the Iliad
Smyrna
the city where Homer lived
Mount Olympus
the mountian on which the gods supposedly lived
Zeus
the king of the Greek gods
Apollo
the Greek god of the sun
Poseidon
the Greek god of the sea
Artemis
the Greek god of the moon
heroes
glorified human beings
Achilles and Odysseus
two great warriors in Greek mythology
polis
city-state
acropolis
seat of government and religion
agora
marketplace
776 B.C.
the first recorded date in Greek history; the first Olympic games
Cyrus the Great
a great Persian king who conquered Lydia and Ionia
Darius I
the Persian king after Cyrus the Great who crushed the Ionian revolt and attacked the Greek mainland
The Battle of Marathon
the battle in which the greatly outnumbered Athenians drove the Persians back to their ships
Xerxes I
the Persian king after Darius I who again tried to conqure the Greeks
Hellespont
the Bosperous Strait
Thermopylae
a narrow mountain pass in central Greece about six miles from the Aegean Sea
Leonidas
the Spartan king who blocked the Persian advance toward Athens
Salamis
the island which the thenians fled to once Athens was taken
monarchy
rule by one
aristocracy
rule by the "best"
oligarchy
rule by a few rather than one or many; rule by a few rich men
tyranny
a bad form of one-man rule
democracy
rule by the many or the common people; rule by the poor