• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mizraim
Ham's son who settled in Egypt
Herodotus
the Greek historian who viewed the ruins of Egypt in the fifth century B.C. and wrote of his impressions
sphinxes
large stone statues with the heads men, rams, or hawks and the bodies of lions
hieroglyphics
means "sacred carvings"; the writing of the Egyptians
Moses
the Israelite who God chose to lead his people out of Egypt
Rosetta Stone
the stone containing a message carved in three languages: hieroglyphics, demotic, and Greek
Jean Francis Champollion
the French scholar who solved the riddle of the Rosetta Stone
delta region
one of the most fertile areas in the ancient world; named after the Greek letter delta
Nile River
the longest river in the world and one of the only rivers which flow south to north
papyrus
plants that grew along the river banks which the Egyptians used to make boats, baskets, boxes, mats, sandals, furniture, and paper.
cataracts
rapids
archaeology
the study of the relics and ruins of ancient cultures
pharaohs
the kings of the Egyptians
mummification
the process by which the Egyptians persevered the bodies of the dead
Upper Egypt
the southern part of the Egyptian Empire which extended to the first cataract
Lower Egypt
the northern part of the Egyptian Empire which included the delta area
Menes
the first pharaoh of all Egypt; united Upper and Lower Egypt
Memphis
the capital of Egypt which Menes built
dynasties
families within which the right to be king passes from one member to the other
Old Kingdom
the first dynasty of Egypt which ended because of internal turmoil
Middle Kingdom
began when there was internal turmoil and ended when they were conquered by the Hyksos
New Kingdom
began when the Hyksos were driven out of Egypt
Hyksos
a people from the east, about whom little is known, which conquered Egypt and ruled for a time until they were driven out
mastabas
simple brick structures which flat tops and sloping sides which were used as the earliest tombs for the pharaohs
Step Pyramid
the first structure in the world made entirely of stone; made up of six mastabas stacked together, each smaller than the one beneath
Giza
the area where the three most famous pyramids
Great Pyramid
the largest pyramid which was built for the pharaoh Khufu
Khafre
the second largest pyramid at Giza was built for this pharaoh
Great Sphinx
a gigantic statue carved in limestone which has a lion's body and a human head and stands near the pyramid of Khafre
Menkaure
the third pyramid at Giza was built for this pharaoh
mortuary temples
the type of tomb which the pharaohs started using after the pyramids
Hatshepsut
the only female pharaoh
Ramses II
the vain pharaoh who really liked statues of himself
Tutankhamen
the young pharaoh who's tomb was hardly disturbed
tribute
payment from one nation to another
Thutmose III
under this pharaoh the Egyptian empire reached its greatest extent
the first class in Egyptian society
nobles and priests
the second class in Egyptian society
craftsmen, scribes, and soldiers
the third class in Egyptian society
farmers and slaves