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39 Cards in this Set

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Purpose of Colonial Governor
To let people govern themselves but still have to follow the rules of England. He ENFORCED the laws and policies from Congress (federal) and General Assembly (state). Executive Branch on the state level.
Strength of Colonial Governor
1.) The governor had to approve all laws before they could be passed.
2.) The governor had the final say on all laws because he had general power of the King.
3.) Veto power
4.) Convene colonial assemblies or present day congress.
5.) The King elected them
6.) They had to carry out laws set by England.
7.) Military control
Weakness of Colonial Governor
1.) Cannot make laws
2.) Cannot control the taxes
Purpose of Governor's Council
Advise the governor on colonial affairs
Strength of Governor's Council
1.) Veto power
2.) Set colonial policy – appointed by the king
Weakness of Governor's Council
Acted upon direction from the governor
Purpose of Colonial Assembly
1. To make laws to organize local governments
2. Power to raise taxes
3. Represent the people because they were elected by the people
Weakness of Colonial Assembly
1.) Colonial governors could dismiss them
2.) No veto power
Privy Council
group of royal advisers who set policy for the English colonies
Town Meetings
gatherings at which townspeople decided important issues and selected officials to carry out the town’s decisions
King James II
ruler of England determined to take more control of the government
Parliament
English national legislature
Sir Edmund Andros
royal governor of the Dominion of New England
Glorious Revolution
overthrow of James II and beginning of the reign of William and Mary
3 categories of colonies
propreietary, company, royal
What was the outcome of John Peter Zenger’s libel trial?
The jury decided that colonists had the right to express their views
What lead to decline in power of English monarchy?
political ideas of Glorious Revolution
The Privy Council allowed colonists to run their own affairs.
Colonists established assemblies to set policy and make laws for them.
King James II decided to take more control over the colonial government.
The colonies were united as the Dominion of New England
King James II tried to weaken the power of Parliament
King James II was overthrown and William and Mary became monarchs of England. This overthrow became known as the Glorious Revolution.
When King James II was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution, the Dominion of New England came to an end.
Colonists removed Sir Edmund Andros from his office as governor of the Dominion and sent him back to England.
William and Mary lost some of their power as king and queen. English monarchy.
Parliament gained power and passed the English Bill of Rights of 1689
Did each of the colonies have a government that opperated independently from each other when founded?
Yes
Who set the policies for the thirteen colonies?
Privy Council
What did each colony have that served as the head of the government?
Governor
What type of legislature is the English Parliament?
bicameral or two house
What colony were town meeting held?
New England
What did John Peter Zenger establish?
Freedom of Press
Who united the northern colonies under the Dominion of New England
Sir Edmund Andros
Who's power increased under the English Bill of Rights?
Parliament
mercantilism
Practice of creating and maintaining wealth by carefully controlling trade.
balance of trade
Relationship between what goods a country purchases from other countries and what goods it sells to other countries.
imports
Items that a country purchases from other countries.
exports
Items that a country sells to other countries.
duties
Taxes on imported goods.
free enterprise
Economic system in which there is competition between businesses with little government control.
triangular trade
Trading networks in which goods and slaves moved among England, the American colonies, the West Indies and West Africa.
What was the response to the Molasses Act?
smuggling of sugar, molasses and rum into the colonies
Who was Samuel Sewall?
a Massachusetts merchant and judge, who published a pamphlet in 1700 arguing against slavery.