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9 Cards in this Set

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What do the majority of individuals use to seek to escape the problem of freedom?
The majority of individuals seek to escape the problem of freedom through automaton conformity. They cease to be themselves and adopt the type of personality proffered by their culture.
Fromm perceived similarities between his mechanisms of escape and Karen Horney's neurotic trends. What are the differences?
Fromm perceived similarities between his mechanisms of escape and Karen Horney's neurotic trends. The differences betwqeen them are that Horney's emphasis was on anxiety whereas Fromm's was on isolation.
Our human condition of freedom gives rise to five basic needs. Name them.
Our human condition of freedom gives rise to five basic needs:
1) relatedness
2) transcendence
3) rootedness
4) sense of identity
5) a frame of orientation and object of devotion.
Later, Fromm added a sixth need, excitement and stimulation.
Explain the term womb envy.
Karen Horney emphasized that many men and boys express jealously over women's ability to bear and nurse children, a phenomenon that has since been clearly seen in ethnographic accounts from many cultures, as well as in clinical settings. Horney termed this phenomenon as womb envy.
Enrich Fromm identified three common mechanisms of escape from freedom. List them.
Erich Fromm identified three common form of escape from freedom: authoritarianism, destructiveness, and automaton conformity.
How does one seek to escape the problem of freedom in authoritarianism?
In authoritarianism, one seeks to escape the problem of freedom by adhering to a new form of submission or domination. Individuals may permit others to dominate them or seek to dominate and control the behavior of others.
Where does the root of the tendency come from with regards to authoritarianism?
The root of the tendency comes from an inability to bear the isolation of being an individual self and an effort to find a solution through symbiosis, the union of one's self with another or with an outside power.
How does destructiveness seek to resolve the problem?
Destructiveness seeks to resolve the problem of freedom by the elimination of others and/or the outside world. Fromm believed that signs of destructiveness are pervasive in the world, although it is frequently rationalized or masked as love, duty, conscience, or patriotism.
What did Horney suggest that the neurotics' lives are governed by?
Horney suggested that the neurotics' lives are governed by the tyranny if the should. Instead of meeting genuine needs, those individuals create false ones.