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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
carbon-based molecule
organic molecule
non-carbon-based
inorganic molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
hydrocarbon
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictable ways with other molecules
functional group
attracts water molecules
hydrophilic
small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger molecule
monomer
long chain of small molecular units
polymer
organic compound made of sugar molecules
carbohydrate
sugar containing one sugar unit
monosaccharide
sugar containing two monosaccharides
disaccharide
long polymer chain made up of simple sugar monomers
polysaccharide
polysaccharide in plant cells that consists entirely of glucose monomers
starch
polysaccharide in animal cells that consists of many glucose monomers
glycogen
polysaccharide consisting of glucose monomers that reinforces plant-cell walls
cellulose
one of a class of water-avoiding compounds
lipid
avoids water molecules
hydrophobic
organic compound consisting of a three-carbon backbone (glycerol) attached to three fatty acids
fat
fat in which all three fatty acid chains contain the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms
saturated fat
fat with less than the maximum number of hydrogens in one or more of its fatty acid chains
unsaturated fat
lipid molecule with four fused carbon rings
steroid
steroid molecule present in the plasma membranes of animal cells
cholesterol