Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/84

Click to flip

84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
parietal
pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
midsagital (median)
right and left halves
coronal (frontal)
anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) aspects
transverse (horizontal)
superior (upper) and inferior (lower) aspects
abduction
movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts
adduction
movement toward the median plane of the body
medial
pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
lateral
pertaining to a side
superior (cephalad)
toward the head or upper portion of a structure
inferior (caudal)
away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure
proximal
nearer to the center (trunk of the body)
distal
further from the center (trunk of the body)
anterior (ventral)
near the front of the body
posterior (dorsal)
near the back of the body
parietal
pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
visceral
pertaining to the viscera, or internal organs, especially the abdominal organs
prone
lying horizontal with face downward, or indicating the hand with palms turned downward
supine
lying on the back with the face upward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward
inversion
turning inward or inside out
eversion
turning outward
palmer
pertaiing to the hand
plantar
pertaining to the foot
superficial
toward the surface of the body
deep
away from the surface of the body (internal)
adhesion
abnormal fibrous band that holds separated tissues together
analyte
substance being analyzed or tested
contrast medium
substance that is injected to the body for assist radiographic imaging (IV, swallowed)
dehiscence
bursting open of a wound, usually abdom wound
fibrile
feverish
homeostasis
equilibrium in the internal environment of the body
inflammation
body defense agianst infections, injury, allergy, etc
morbid
diseased
sepsis
pathological state, usually fibrile
suppurative
producing or associated with generation of pus
sign
objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or disorder (fever, flush, pock marks)
symptom
Subjective change in body or fcn as perceived by the patient (pain, fatigue, nausea)
etiology
Study of the cause of disease: metabolic, genetic, infectious, environmental, etc.
Diagnosis (Dx)
Identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluation of signs, symptoms, hx, lab, clinical tests results and radiological px
prognosis
Prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimated chance of recovery
computer tomography (CT)
several x-ray images from various angles
Doppler
ultrasound technique- sound waves
fluoroscopy
x-ray through florescent screen- can view motion
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
radiowaves/magnetic field
nuclear scan
radioactive materials
PET - positron emission tomography
positively charged particles emitted
radiography
x-ray
SPECT
radionuclides emit radiation
tomography
cross section, includes, CT, PET, SPECT
ultrasonography
sound waves - echos
biopsy
tissue sample removed for purposes of examination
needle
hollow needle to remove
punch
core of tissue
shave
thin slice
frozen section
ultra thin slice from frozen speciment- used for immediate analysis
ablation
removal of body part or function by surgery, chemical destruction, freezing, radiofrequency
anastomosis
surgical joining of two ducts to allow flow from one to another
cauterize
destroying tissue; freezing, heat, chemicals
curettage
scraping of body cavity with curette
incision and drainage (I&D)
incision into wound/cavity to allow fluid to drain or to be removed
laser surgery
burn, vaporize
radical dissection
extensive surgical removal of organ or surrounding tissue
resection
partial excision of structure
left hypochondriac
upper left region beneath the ribs
epigastric
region above the stomach
right hypochondriac
upper right region beneath the ribs
left lumbar
left middle lateral region
umbilical
region of the navel
right lumbar
right middle lateral region
left inguinal (iliac)
left lower lateral region
hypogastric
lower middle region beneath the navel
right inquinal (iliac)
right lower lateral region
dorsal (cranial and spinal)
brain and spinal cord
ventral (thoracic and abdominopelvic)
(heart, lungs) (digestive, reproductive organs, excretory)
albin/0
white
leuk/o
white
chlor/o
green
chlor/opia
chrom/o
color
hetero/chrom/ic
cirrh/o
yellow
cirrh/osis
jaund/o
yellow
jaund/ice
xanth/o
yellow
xanth/o/cyte
cyan/o
blue
cyan/o/tic
erthr/o
red
erthr/o/cyte
melan/o
black
melan/oma
poli/o
gray
polio/myel/itis