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21 Cards in this Set

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Heavy Timber construction
Another term for Mill construction.
Mill construction
A building type with exterior masonry bearing walls and an interior framework of heavy timbers and solid timber decking.
Slow-burning construction
Another term for Mill construction.
A flattening of a longitudinal edge of a solid member on a plane that lies at an angle of 45 degrees to the adjoining plates.
A metal device used to transmit compressive forces between superimposed columns in Mill construction.
iron dog
A heavy U-shaped staple used to tie the ends of heavy timbers together.
Beam that spans across the slope of a steep roof to support the roof decking.
A sloping end cut on a wood beam or joist where it enters a masonry wall. The purpose of the firecut is to allow the wood member to rotate out of the wall without prying the wall apart, if the floor or roof structure should burn through in a fire.
A material used to span across beams or joists to create a floor or roof surface.
tongue and groove
An interlocking edge detail for joining planks or panels.
A thin strip inserted into grooves in two mating pieces of material to hold them in alignment; a ridge or strip of material intended to lock to a mating groove.
bearing block
A piece of wood fastened to a column to provide support for a beam or girder.
rigid frame
Two columns and a beam or beams attached to one another with moment connections; a moment-resisting building frame.
portal frame
A rigid frame; two columns and a beam attached to one another with moment connections.
A structural device that supports a vertical load by translating it into axial, inclined forces as its supports
A triangulated arrangement of structural members that reduces nonaxial external forces to a set of axial forces in its members.
An arched surface. A strongly built room for such purposes as housing large electrical equipment or safeguarding money.
An arch rotated about its vertical axis to produce a structure shaped like an inverted bowl; a form used to make one of the cavities in a concrete waffle slab.
tie rod
A steel rod that acts in tension.
shear plate
Round plates located in the crown connection of the arch that are recessed into grooves in the wood; they spread any force from the steel rod (that goes through their center) across a much wider surface area of wood to avoid crushing and splitting.
hinge connector
A typical type of connection for a contemporary laminated wood frame. Saves wood by connecting the beams at points of zero bending moment rather than at the columns to take full advantage of continuous bending action in the beams.