Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
p 357
When did the Protestant Churches begin?
p 357
What did the Protestants have in common?
1. shared a belief in the bible
2. believed in individual conscience
3. importance of faith
4. united in desire to reform Christianity
p 357
What affect did the Reformation have on Europe?
1. much strife in Europe
2. created many new forms of Christian faith
p 357
Name 3 forms of Protestant sects.
1. Lutherinism
2. Calvinism
3. Anglicanism
p 358
When did it begin? Tell about the founder.
1. began in Germany after Martin Luther. He was excommunicated in 1521.
2. Luther
2.1 was a catholic priest.
2.2 He could not find basis in Bible for many chruch practices.
2.3 upset at the sale of indulgences
p 358
What were Luther's beliefs about sin and salvation?
1. He disagreed with Catholic Church. Catholics believed follow practices of Church. Example, the sacrament of Baptism wiped away original sin. But Christian believed sins were not wiped away. Once baptized, needed to do good works, follow the rules, pray.
p 358
What did Lutherins believe about salvation?
Salvation was "God's gift, which people received in faith.
People would be saved if they sincerely believed in Jesus Christ, were sorry for their sins, accept word of bible as truth. Those with faith performed good works and avoid sins because God commands them to, not because they earn salvation.
p 359
What was Lutherins belief in the ultimate source of authority?
1. rejected traditional sources of authority -- pope, church councils
2. Bible was only true source of religiious guidance
p 359
How was Lutherins belief in the rituals and workship?
1. combined new Lutheran practices with Catholic practices
2. used candles, alter, and a crucifix like Catholics.
3. Resembled Catholic mass. Used hymns
p 359
How was Lutherins belief in the rituals and workship different from Catholics?
1. Prayers spoken in German, not Latin
2. Lutherines had just 2 sacraments, Eucharist and bapism. Catholics had 7.
3. He put more emphasis on strong families and discipline
4. Lutherin priests were free to marry. Catholics priests were not.
p 360
elaborate on founder
founded by John Calvin, a Frenh humanist, tried to make Geneva a model Christian state
p 360
elaborate on beliefs about sin and salvation
1. agreed with Lutherins that people depended entirely upon God to be saved
2. no one deserved salvation
3. no one could force God to grant salvation
4. God chooses the "elect" to be saved
5. Salvation was God's gift
6. Everyone else was doomed
7. God knew from beginning of time who was to be saved and who was condemned. This is know as predestination.
8. Everything is under Go'ds control. People could do nothing to change it.
9. Good behavior showed u were one of the elect.
10. Good behavior was to honor God, not for one's salvation.
p 360
elaborate on beliefs ultimate source off authority.
1. Bible was only true source of religious guidance
2. religious laws become basis for government.
p 361
elaborate on beliefs rituals and worship.
1. Churches were plain wood, no paintings, statues, stained glass windows
2. children had to answer questions correctly. Failure brings punishment
p 361
elaborate on community life.
1. Each community is a theocracy, a state governed by God through religious leaders.
2. Calvinist communities had strict laws based on the Bible.
3. Law - Parents could only name babies using Christian names.
4. Law - not allowed to swear, play cards
5. Law - inn owners had to report anyone who broke these laws
6. Punishment was severe.
p 362
Tell of founder
1. founded in 1534 by King Henry VIII in England
2. he broke away from Catholic Church for political (King did not want to share wealth with Chruch) and personal reasons (He wanted to marry another woman, Anne Boleyn)
4. King Henry had Parliament declare himself the head of the Church
p 362
What are their beliefs about sin and salvation?
1. much in common with Catholic Church
2. believed baptism washed away original sin and began the Christian life
3. Angelicans also influenced by Protestant ideas.
4. Accepted Lutherine idea of justification by faith. Example, to go to heaven people needed faith, regret sins, receive God's mercy
5. people shd have privacy of how people practiced religion
p 362
What are their beliefs about ultimate authority?
1. English king was main interpreter of meaning of Bible
2. lower clergy and churchgoers could interpret but had to be loyal to king
p 363
What are their beliefs about rituals and worship?
1. similar to Lutherine and Catholic practices
2. very formal for high church services.
3. for low church services varied from place to place depending on beliefs
4. paintings, statues removed
5. churchgoers sang simple melodies and hymns
6. like other protestants, churchgoers used 2 sacraments: baptism and Eucharist.
7. English replaced Latin
8. Used Book of Common Prayer. Early 1600's King James had a new version of Bible published.
p 363
What were Angelican beliefs of Community Life?
1. high church communities made up of wealthy people. Low church communities made up of middle class
2. King Henry VIII's daughter said no one should be forced to practice a particular kind of Angelicanism.
3. people could choose as long as they were loyal.
4. Heresy ceased to be a crime
p 364
What did Catholic Church do?
1. it did serious reform
2. corrected abuses
3. clarified its teachings
4. tried to win people back to Catholicism
p 364
1. meeting of Church leaders that met in Trent, Italy, in 1545. Pope Paul III called meeting to combat corruption
2. Council gave a more precise statement of Catholic teachings. -- rejected predestination, individuals have say in deciding fate of their souls.
3. rejected justification by faith alone
4. reaffirmed 7 sacraments
5. set down rules to be more alike everywhere
p 364
WHAT Catholic Reformers?
1. Teresa of Avila, a nun, helped reform Catholic Church
2. new education, training for clergy and people.
3. Jesuits founded Ignatius of Loyola. Jesuits were dediaed missionaries.
4. worked to spread Cahtolicism in Africa, Asia
p 364
fighting spread of Protestanism
1. they condemed errors and dealed harshly with heretics.
2. Inquisition. Can order punishment.
3. In Rome there was inquisition too.
4. published books it said offended Catholics
p 366
1. had lasting change on Europe
2. happened during 16th and 17th century
3. many died for their beliefs
4. civil wars errupted in many countries. 1562 to 1598, wars between CAtholics and Protestants. 30 years' War (1618-1648).
5. also there was a struggle for power.
6. Peace of Westphalia in 1648, called for peace between Catholics and protestants
p 366
Rise of Nationalism and Democratic practices
1. People identified with their nation -- nationalism. Rulers became stronger. -> led to "age of kings and queens"
2. Reformation planted seeds of democratic ideas.
3. Being true to bible made people resist authority
4. Puritans fled from England to America for religious freedom
5. protestant church leaders were elected instead of selected by Pope
6. most people in English colonies were protestants