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9 Cards in this Set

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EXPLAIN THE 3 DIAGNOSTIC TESTING PHASES
PRETEST
INTRA TEST
POST TEST
EXPLAIN THE PRETESTING PHASE
CLIENT PREPERATION, A THROUGH ASSESMENT AND DATA COLLEVCTION, (BIO, PSYCHO, SOCIAL, CULTURAL, SPIRITUAL ASSIST IN COMMUNICATING AND TEACHING STAGES
EXPLAIN THE INTRA TEST PHASE
FOCUS ON SPECIMEN COLLEVTION PERFORMING OR ASSISTING, USE STANDARD PRECAUTIONS, NURSE ENSURES CORRECT LABELING, STORAGE, AND TRANSPORT OF THE SPECIMENT TO AVOID INVALID TEST
EXPLAIN THE POST TEST PHASE
FOCUS IS ON NURSING CARE OF THE CLIENT AND FOLLOW UP ACTIVITIES AND OBSERVATIONS
WHAT IS THE MOST COMMONLY USES DIAGNOSTIC TEST
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT (CBC)
LIST THE PARTS OF A CBC
HEMOGLOBIN=MEASURE A TOTAL AMOUNT OF HEMOGLOBIN IN THE BLOOD
HEMATOCRIT=MEASURE PERCENTAGE OF RED BLOOD CELLS IN THE TOTAL BLOOD VALUE(males have higher levels)
WHAT IS A SERUM ELECTROLYTES TEST
USED FOR ACID BASE IMBALANCES
THEY ARE ROUTINELT ASSESED FOR CLIENTS @ RISK IN THE COMMUNITY
COMMON BLOOD TESTS
*CBC\*SERUM ELECTROLYTES
*SERUM OSMALARITY
*DRUG MONITORING
*ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES
*BLOOD CHEMISTRY
*CAPILLARY BLOOD GLUCOSE
DISCUSS HOW TO OBTAIN A CAPIALLARY BLOOD SPECIMEN AND MEASURE BLOOD GLUCOSE
8OBTAIN FROM THE LATERAL SIDE OF FINGER IN ADULTS=avoids nerve endings, and calloused areas at the fingertip(also ear lobe)
*pierce skin with lancet perpindicular
*wipe away first drop, may contain serous fluid
*gently squeeze
*hold reagan strip under puncture site until enough blood covers the square
*ask client to apply pressure
*EXPOSE BLOOD TOO TEST STRIP
*measure the blood glucose
*