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26 Cards in this Set

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Inability to remember events after an injury.
anterograde (posttraumatic) amnesia
The part of the nervous system that regulates functions, such as digestion and sweating, that are not controlled voluntarily.
autonomic nervous system
Bruising behind an ear over the mastoid process that may indicate skull fracture.
Battle's sign
The area of the brain between the spinal cord and cerebrum, surrounded by the cerebellum; controls functions that are necessary for life, such as respirations.
brain stem
The brain and spinal cord.
central nervous system (CNS)
One of the three major subdivisions of the brain, sometimes called the "little brain"; coordinates the various activities of the brain, particularly body movements.
cerebellum
Swelling of the brain.
cerebral edema
The largest part of the three subdivisions of the brain, sometimes called the "gray matter"; made up of several lobes that control movement, hearing, balance, speech, visual perception, emotions, and personality.
cerebrum
Injury in which the brain has been injured but the skin has not been broken and there is no obvious bleeding.
closed head injury
A temporary loss or alteration of part or all of the brain's abilities to function without actual physical damage to the brain.
concussion
Nerves in the brain and spinal cord that connect the motor and sensory nerves.
connecting nerves
The action of pulling the spine along its length.
distracted
A head position in which the patient's eyes are looking straight ahead and the head and torso are in line.
eyes-forward position
The recommended procedure for moving a patient with a suspected spinal injury from the ground to a long spine board.
four-person log roll
A method of evaluating level of consciousness that uses a scoring system for neurologic responses to specific stimuli.
Glasgow Coma Scale
The cushion that lies between two vertebrae.
intervertebral disk
The actions that we do not consciously control.
involuntary activity
Three distinct layers of tissue that surround and protect the brain and the spinal cord within the skull and the spinal canal.
meninges
Nerves that carry information from the central nervous system to the muscles of the body.
motor nerves
open head injury
Injury to the head often caused by a penetrating object in which there may be bleeding and exposed brain tissue.
The part of the nervous system that consists of 31 pairs of spinal nerves and 12 pairs of cranial nerves. These peripheral nerves may be sensory nerves, motor nerves, or connecting nerves.
peripheral nervous system
Bruising under the eyes that may indicate skull fracture.
raccoon eyes
The inability to remember events leading up to a head injury.
retrograde amnesia
The nerves that carry sensations of touch, taste, heat, cold, pain, or other modalities from the body to the central nervous system.
sensory nerves
The part of the nervous system that regulates our voluntary activities, such as walking, talking, and writing.
somatic nervous system
Actions that we consciously perform, in which sensory input determines the specific muscular activity.
voluntary activity