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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The study of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye.
Anatomy
This enclosing living plant and animal cells.
Cell Membrane
This is the ssubstance that all living cells are composed of?
Protoplasm
This is where food materials for cellular growth are found.
Cytoplasm
This is the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones.
Anabolism
The tissue is a group of ____ that perform a specific function.
Cells
The brain and spinal cord are examples of _____.
Nerve Tissue
This is the tissue that serves as a protective covering of the body.
Epithelial Tissue
The heart, lungs, kidneys, stomach, and interstines are all ____ of the body.
Organs
The circulatory systems includes these organs of the body.
Heart and Blood Vessels
This is the body system that serves as the physical foundation of the body.
Skeletal System
This is the scientific study of the anatomy, structure, and functions of bones.
Osteology
This is the portion of the skull that protects the brain.
Cranium
This is an important function of the bones.
Producing red and white blood cells
These are the 2 bones that form the sides and crown (top) of the Cranium.
Parietal Bones
This is the u-shaped bone that is often called the Adam's Apple.
Hyoid
This is the bony cage that serves to protect the heart, lungs, and other organs of the body.
Thorax
Another name for the cheek bones.
Zygomatic Bones
This is the largest and strongest bone of the face.
Mandible
This is the name of the place where 2 or more bones connect.
Joint
The temporal bones form the ___________.
Side of the head
These are the bones of the forearm.
Ulna and Radius
These are the 14 bones in the fingers of each hand.
Phalanges
This forms the bridge of the nose.
Nasal Bones
The place of attachment of a muscule to an immovable section of the skeleton.
Origin
This is the study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles.
Myology
This are the muscles that are attched to the bones and are controlled by the will.
Striated Muscles
These are the muscles that cover the top of the skull.
Epicranius
The muscles that goes around or rings the eye socket.
Orbucularis Oculi
These are the muscles of chewing or mastication.
Masseter and Temporalis Muscles
This is one of the muscles that controls the swinging action of the arms.
Trapezius
The muscles of the neck that helps to lower and rotate the head.
Sternocleidomastoideus
These are the muscles that draw the fingers in together.
Adductors
The brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves make up this.
Central Nervous System
This is the largest and most complex nerve tissue in the body.
Brain
This carries the sensations of touch, cold, heat, sight, and hearing to the brain.
Sensory Nerves
This is the part of the nerve cell, or neuron, that sends impulses away from the cell body to the other neurons, glands, and muscles.
Axon
This is the branch of the fifth cranial nerve affecting the external ear and skin above the temple.
Auriculotemporal Nerve
This affects the lower side and point of the nose.
Nasal Nerve
This is the largest cranial nerve.
Fifth Cranial Nerve
This affects the skin of the forehead and eyebrows.
Supraorbital Nerve
This is the nerve that affects the upper part of the cheek.
Zygomatic NErve
This affects the muscles of the mouth.
Buccal Nerve
These are the nerves that originate at the spinal cord.
Cervical Nerve
This is the Cervical Nerve that affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breast bone.
Cervical Cultaneous Nerve
This is the sensory motor nerve that, with its branches, supplies the thumb side of the arm and back of the hand.
Radial Nerve
This is one of the 4 principle nerves of the arm and hand that supplies the fingers.
Digital Nerve
The steady circulation of blood through the body is controlled by this.
Circulatory system
The blood-vascular system comprises the heart, ateries, veins, and ____.
Capillaries
The name for the upper heart chambers.
Atria
The interior of the heart contains the atria and the ____.
Ventricles
These are vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Arteries
These are vessels that carry bood to the heart.
Veins
This is the clear yellowish fluid that circulates in the lymphatics of the body.
Lymph
This is the membrane that encloses the heart.
Pericardium
The blood is composed of red and white corpuscles, platelets, and plasma, and _____.
Hemaglobin
The body has 8 to 10 pints of the nutritive fluid called _____.
Blood
This is the fluid part of the blood in which platelets and blood cells flow.
Plasma
These are cells that contribute to the blood clotting process.
Platelets
Hemoglobin, which gives blood its bright red color, is found in the _________.
Red Blood Cells
This is one of the critical functions that blood serves.
Carrying nutritive substances to all body cells
Lymph is circulated through the body and filtered by the _____.
Lymph Nodes
This supplies blood to the brain, eyes, eyelids, and nose.
Internal Carotid Artery
This is the artery that supplies blood to the upper lip and nose region.
Superior Temporal Artery
Another name for the maxillary artery.
Facial Artery
This is the artery that supplies blood to the temples.
Middle Temporal Artery
These are the 2 branches of the internal carotid artery that are important to know.
Supraorbital and Infraorbital
These are the 2 arteries that are the main supply to the arms and hands.
Ulnar and Radial
This is a group of specialized glands affecting development and sexual activities.
Endocrine Gland
The sweat and oil glands of the body are _____.
Duct Glands
Insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen are all examples of _____.
Hormones
Another name for the digestive system is _____.
Gastrointestinal System
This is the body system that enables breathing.
Respiratory System
The skin plays an important role in the excretory system because it excretes ____.
Perspiration