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15 Cards in this Set

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Vitamins
in mammalian nutrition refers to an organic compound required in minute amounts
Triglycerides
organic molecules made of one molecule of glycerol combined with three fatty acid molecules
Thymine
one of the pyrimidine bases found in the nucleotides that are the building blocks for DNA
Substrate
compound on which an enzyme acts
Stroma
in chloroplasts, the semi-fluid substance between the grana and which contains enzymes for some of the reactions of photosynthesis
Monomers
small sub-units of the larger units of cells (polymers); also known as the building blocks of cells and include sugars, fatty acids, amino acids and nucleotides
Non-polar
refers to substances that tend to be insoluble in water; also called hydrophobic
Polymers
large molecule made of identical or similar single cells, for example, starch which is made of many glucose units
Hydrogen Bonds
weak non-covalent bonds that form between complementary nucleotides in different DNA strands; hydrogen bonds are responsible for stabilising the structure of the DNA double helix
Hydrophilic
refers to substances that dissolve easily in water; also called polar
Hydrophobic
refers to substances that tend to be insoluble in water; also called non-polar
Photosynthesis
process by which plants trap the radiant energy of sunlight to produce carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water
Nucleic Acids
compound, such as DNA or RNA, built from nucleotide sub-units
Proteins
large molecules made from many amino acids joned by peptide bonds
Minerals
inorganic substance required as a nutrient