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40 Cards in this Set

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Kellog-Briand Treaty
A treaty that sought to end wars by preventing them from happening in the first place.
Washington Conference
A meeting between the world's dominant naval superpowers where the naval power of the US, Japan, and Great Britain were limited.
Adolf Hitler
See springtime. Crazy German dictator from Austria. Started World War 2 and deserves to be beaten to a pulp with a raspberry.
Nye Committee
A committee that investigated weapon companies and there influence in war. It was found that these companies made large profits and therefore, the committee believed that they may have influenced the start of the war and neutrality laws were put in place to prevent this from happening a second time.
America First Committee
An isolationist group that wanted America to stay out of the war in Europe. Had, possibly, the most members of any anti-war group in history.
War Production Board
A government agency set up to oversee war materials and the manufacturing of war supplies. Power was severely diminished due to the fact that the military branches contacted directly with the suppliers..
Fair Employment Practices Committee
A commission that preventing businesses in defense contracts or the government from discriminating based on color, ethnicity, or religion.
"Zoot Suit" Riots
Violence that broke out between white sailors and Latinos in Los Angeles.
D-Day
Operation Overlord, The "D" in D-Day stands for Day. So really the event was called Day-Day. A combined assault by amphibious and airborne forces landed at or around Normandy. End outcome: Allies have a foothold in France.
Manhattan Project
Top Secret nuclear weapons project. First Atomic weapons.
Los Alamos
Top secret facility that housed the Manhattan Project.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities that had atomic weapons used on them. First and only wartime use of nuclear weapons.
Chiand Kai Sheik
Leader of the Chinese military forces still resisting Japan.
Hideki Tojo
Japanese Prime Minister during World War 2. After the war he was sentenced to death for war crimes.
Charles deGaulle
French leader during World War 2. Encouraged the French to resist the Germans and fled to England in the meantime.
Joseph Stalin
Dictator of Soviet Russia during World War 2. In some ways, worse than Hitler. Stalin and Hitler originally signed non-aggression pacts but then went to war anyway. Stalin won.
A. Phillip Randolf
African American Civil Rights Leader during the time. Founder of the March on Washington Movement.
Henry Stimson
Secretary of War under Roosevelt. Was in direct command of the Manhattan Project and managed several strategies while in office.
Cordell Hull
Longest serving Secretary of State and won a Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution in the founding of the United Nations.
Veterans of Future Wars
An organization by college students to acquire bonuses and compensation for their involvement in future wars.
Sudetenland
A region in Czechoslovakia with a large German speaking population. Hitler recaptured it in the 1930s.
Nazi - Soviet Pact
A non-aggression pact that said that neither side will go to war with each other for 10 years, and in the meantime lets divide Poland.
Cash and Carry/Lend-Lease Acts
Cash and Carry stated that you could buy equipment in the United States, however you had to transport it. Lend Lease gave military equipment to the allies to help them in WW2.
Mother's Crusade
Group that protested the Lend Lease Act.
Reuben James
An American Destroyer that was sunk by German U-Boats in the Atlantic. The Reuben James was leased to the English under the Lend-Lease Acts. This was done because the ship was an outdated model, having been built after the style of the dreadnoughts.
Tripartite Act
The act which created the axis powers. The alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Axis Powers
Japan, Germany, and Italy. 3 main enemy nations of WW2.
Pearl Harbor
American Naval base at Pearl City in Hawaii. Famous for the Japanese surprise attack which decimated the American pacific fleet. Japanese made 2 mistakes. First, they called off the third wave which was supposed to wipe out the fuel storage and second they left the drydocks intact. This meant that the ships could be quickly repaired and we did not have a fuel shortage early in the war. Which would have defeated us. Also, the carriers were not at Pearl when it was attacked, therefore we still had a carrier fleet.
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister during WW2. He, Stalin, and Roosevelt were the big three.
Battle of Stalingrad
A bloody battle at the city of Stalingrad which was on the banks of the Волга river. German advance was halted here before they could reach the resource rich areas of the Caucasus Mountains.
North African Campaign
The first American involvement in the war with Great Britain against Rommel and his Africa Korps. Originally the United States was unprepared and suffered some defeats like the Kasserine Pass. Eventually, Rommel was pushed back.
Admiral Chester Nimitz
Commander of the American Pacific Fleet. Led the war in the Pacific.
Office of Price Administration
Created to control inflation and to set wages and prices. This helped prevent the economy from collapsing during the war.
Executive Order 9066
An executive order that authorized the government to detain Japanese Americans and hold them in concentration camps throughout the war.
Nisei
Word meaning Japanese American.
Atlantic Charter
Statement agreed between Great Britain and the United States concerning post war issues.
Big Three Conference
Also called the Yalta Conference. A meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin for the purpose of discussing post war organization.
Battle of the Bulge
German counterattack at a crossroads in Belgium at a town called Bastogne. The American Defense held and the Germans were repelled by the 101st Airborne Division and eventually by George S. Patton who came to the rescue when General Montgomery couldn't.
Manchuria
A region within China that the Japanese took over in World War 2. The region was fought over because Japan wanted natural resources it didn't have access to.
U.S.S. Missouri
A United States battleship where the Japanese finally surrendered. The treaty was signed in Tokyo Bay on the decks of the Missouri. The Missouri was the last battleship that the United States ever built.