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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
noninfectious diseases
not contageous
infectious disese
contagious
pathogen
causees contaguos diseases
immunity
reststance to a disease
t-cell
cell that matures in thymus
b-cell
makes antibodies
macrophage
engulfs microorganisms and virisus
antibody
protien that detects specific pathogens
allergy
reaction to a harmless antigen
autoimmune
disease, immune system atacks bodys own cells
cancer
certin body cells divide at an uncontrolable rate
nutrient
nourish body, essential to life
carbohydrate
main source of energy, made of 1 or more simple sugars
protien
nutrients builds and repairs body.
fat
nutrient, stores energy and helps store some vitamines
mineral
essential to good health
vitamin
organic compounds,control many body functions
drug
chemical substance, causes physical and emotional change
addiction
physical dependence on a drug
nicotine
chemical stimulant in tabaco, increases heart rate and blood pressure
alcholism
physically and mentally dependent on alcohol
norcotic
drugs made of opium
hygiene
methods of preserving ans protecting your health
aerobic exercise
vigorous exercisse of the whole body 20 minutes or more
stress
physical and mental response to pressuse
homeostasis
the maitnece of a stable internal environment
tissue
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a specific job
organ
a combonation of two or more tissue that work together tp perform a specific function
system
a group or organs that work together to do a specific job
bone
a tissue that gives strength and structure
muscle
tissue that has the ability to move(contract and expand)
nerve
budle of axon, blood vessels and connective tissue
cartilage
a felixble tissue that gives support and protection but is not rigid
ligament
a strong band of tissue that connects bone to bone
tendon
tough connective tissue that connects skeletal muscle to bones