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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does "AIDS" represent?
Autoimmune deficiency syndrome
What does "HAART" represent?
highly active antiretroviral therapy
What is the action of reverse transcriptase?
converts RNA to DNA
Name five different systemic fungal pathogens.
Aspergillus fumigatus
Blastomyces dermatitidus
Candida albicans
Coccidioides immitis
Cryptococcus neoformans
Histoplasma capsulatum
Pneumocystis carinii
Name four different topical fungal pathogens.
Candida albicans
Epidermophyton floccosum
Microsporum audouini
Sporothrix schenckii
Name three drugs used for vaginal mycoses.
butaconazole (Femstat)
clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin, Mycelex, Femizole)
miconazole nitrate (Micatin, Monistat)
terconazole (Terazol)
tioconazole (Vagistat)
Name three drugs used for skin mycoses.
ciclopiroxolamine (Loprox)
econazole nitrate (Spectazole)
haloprogin (Halotex)
naftifine (Naftin)
oxiconazole nitrate (Oxistat)
tolnaftate (Aftate, Tinactin)
What does "NNRTI" represent?
Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Name four drugs used in the treatment of AIDS.
nevirapine (Viramune)
zidovudine (Retovir, AZT)
didanosine (Videx)
efavirenz (Sustiva)
stavudine (Zerit, D4T)
zalcitabine (Hivid, ddC)
HIV drugs inhibit HIV replication by three mechanisms. What are these mechanisms?
NNRTI - binds to reverse transciptase molecule and inhibits function
NRTI - inhibits the action of reverse transciptase
Protease Inhibitors - block the final assembly of the HIV particle.
Name the various types of Herpes Simplex viruses.
HSV - 1
HSV - 2
CMV - cytomegalovirus
varicella-zoster virus
Epstein-Barr virus
Name two types of neuroamidase inhibitors used to treat active infuenza.
osteltamivir (Tamiflu)
zanamivir (Relenza)
Name four antimalarial drugs.
chloroquine (Aralen)
atovaquone (Mepron)
hydroxychloroquine sulfate (Plaquenil)
primaquine phosphate
pyrimethamine (Daraprim)
quinine sulfate (Quinamm)
Name two drugs used in the treatment of hookworm, roundworm, and/or pinworm.
mebendazole (Vermox)
pyrantel pamoate (Antiminith)