Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chapter 2
Origins of American Governemt
History 12
Chapter 2
Origins of American Governemt
History 12
Limited Government
the idea that government is not all-powerful. That is, government is limited in what it may do, and each individual has certain rights that governments cannot take away
Representative Government
the governemtent should serve the will of the people. People should have a voice in what the government should and should not do.
Magna Carta
a group of determined barons forced King John to sign. to seek protection against heavy taxes and arbitary acts. also incuded rights such as trial by jury, dur process of law, protection against the arbitrary taking of life, liberty, or property.
Petition of Right
limited the king's power by demanding that the kind not imprison political critics without trial by jury; not declare artial law, or rule by the military, during peacetime;nor require people to shelter troops without the homeowner's consent.
English Bill of Rights
prohibited a standing army in peacetime, except with the consent of Parliament, and required that all parliamentary elections be free. Right to a fair and speedy trial and freedom from excessice bail and from cruel and unusual punishment.
a written grant of authority from the king
(two-house) had the power to tax and the power to spend.
(one house)
Albany Plan of Union
Franklin proposed the formation of an annual congress of delegates from each of the 13 colonies. That body would have the power to raise military and naval forces, make war and peace with the Native Americans, regulate trade with them, levy taxes, and collect customs duties
a refusal to buy or sell
bodies of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, or conventions were commonly used to draft and then adopt these new documents
Popular Sovereignty
the government can exist and function only with the consent of the governed. It is the people who hold power; it is the poeple who are sovereign.
formal approval
Articles of Confederation
established "a firm league of friendship" among the States.
Virgina Plan
called for a new government with three separate branches; legislative, executive, and judical.
New Jersey Plan
would have kept the unicameral congress of the Confederation, with each of the States equally represented
Connecticut Compromise
under this it was agreed that congress should be composed of two houses
Three-Fifths Compromise
all "free persons" should be counted and so should three-fifths of all other persons.
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
Congress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any state. it was also forbidden the power to act on the slave trade for a period of at least 20 years
favored ratification
opposed ratification