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15 Cards in this Set

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HOW MANY BONDS (VALENCE) DO EACH OF THESE ELEMENTS FORM?

HYDROGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, CARBON
HYDROGEN = 1
OXYGEN = 2
NITROGEN = 3
CARBON = 4
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

ATOM & ION
ATOM: SMALLEST PART OF AN ELEMENT (PROTON H+)

ION: ATOM/GROUP OF ATOMS (H+)
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

ATOM & MOLECULE
ATOM: SMALLEST PART OF AN ELEMENT (PROTON H+)

MOLECULE: TWO OR MORE ATOMS (SUGAR)
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

CATION & ANION
CATION: POSITIVE CHARGE (H+)

ANION: NEGATIVE CHARGE (Cl-)
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

COVALENT BOND & IONIC BOND
COVALENT BOND: SHARES PAIRS OF ELECTRONS

IONIC BOND: BETWEEN IONS OF OPPOSITE CHARGES
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

EXERGONIC & ENDERGONIC
EXERGONIC: RELEASE ENERGY

ENDERGONIC: REQUIRES ENERGY
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

ANABOLISM & CATABOLISM
ANABOLISM: SYNTHESIS IN CELLS

CATABOLISM: DECOMPOSITION IN CELLS
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

SYNTHESIS & DECOMPOSITION
SYNTHESIS: BONDS ARE FORMED
A+B=AB

DECOMPOSITION: BONDS ARE
BROKEN
AB=A+B
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

CATALYST & ENZYME
CATALYST: SPEED UP REACTION

ENZYME: PROTEIN FUNCTIONING
AS A CATALYST
(LACTASE)
STATE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PAIR AND GIVEN AN EXAMPLE OF EACH CASE:

ELECTRON & PROTON
ELECTRON: NEGATIVE CHARGE

PROTON: POSITIVE CHARGE
STATE 2 WAYS HYDROGEN BONDS ARE DIFFERENT FROM COVALENT AND IONIC BONDS.
1. HYDROGEN BONDS ARE WEEK
BONDS.

2. HYDROGEN BONDS BREAK AND
FORM EASILY
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS, GIVING AN EXAMPLE WHERE RELEVANT:

ENZYME
PROTEIN THAT CATALYZE CHEMICAL REACTIONS

(EX. LACTASE)
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS, GIVING AN EXAMPLE WHERE RELEVANT:

COLLISION THEORY
ATOMS ALWAYS IN MOTION BUMPING INTO EACH OTHER
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS, GIVING AN EXAMPLE WHERE RELEVANT:

VALENCE
TELLS HOW MANY BONDS AN ATOM IS LIKELY TO FORM
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING TERMS, GIVING AN EXAMPLE WHERE RELEVANT:

EXCHANGE REACTION
BONDS ARE BROKEN AND FORMED