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159 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acromion
outward extension of the shoulder bone
cancellous bone
spongy
acetabulum
rounded depression or socket in the pelvis; forms the hip joint
collagen
dense
condyle
knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near a joint
articular cartilage
thin layer of cartilage surrounding the bones in a joint space
compact bone
hard
fossa
shallow cavity in a bone
diaphysis
shaft
disk (disc)
flat
fontanelle
soft spot between the skull bones of an infant
fissure
narrow
facial bones
bones of the face; lacrimal
haversian canals
minute spaces filled with blood vessels; found in compact bone
epiphysis
each end of a long bone
foramen
opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
malleolus
rounded process on both sides of the ankle joint
ossification
process of bone formation
osteoclast
bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue
mastoid process
round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear.
medullary cavity
central hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone
manubrium
upper portion of the sternum
osteoblast
bone cell that helps form bone tissue
periosteum
membrane surrounding bone
osseous tissue
bone tissue
metaphysis
flared portion of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphyseal plate.
olecranon
large process on the proximal end of the ulna; part of the elbow joint
red bone marrow
soft bone tissue found in cancellous bone; contains hematopoietic stem cells and blood cells
traberculae
supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone
sella turcica
depression in the sphenoid bone; location of the pituitary gland
tubercle
rounded
styloid process
pole-like process extending downward from the temporal bone on each side of the skull
pubic symphysis
area where the two pubic bones come together in the pelvis
Temporomandibular joint
connection on either side of the head between the temporal bone of the skull and the mandibular bone of the jaw.
trochanter
large process at the neck of the femur
phosphorus
mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium
sinus
hollow air cavity with a bone
xiphoid process
lower
tuberosity
rounded process on bone; attachment for muscles and tendons
ribs
twelve pairs of elongated
yellow bone marrow
fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long bones
vertebra
individual backbone
epiphyseal plate
cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones
synovial fluid
sticky material within the synovial cavity; lubricates the joint space
suture joint
join in which apposed surfaces are closely united; motion is minimal
articulation
any joint
tendons
connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
synovial cavity
space between bones at a freely movable joint
synovial membrane
lining of the synovial cavity; produces fluid in the joint space
liagament
connective tissue binding bones to other bones
bursa
sac of fluid near a joint
synoval joint
a freely movable joint
flexion
bending at a joint
fascia
fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
plantar flexion
bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
extension
straightening of a flexed limb
dorsiflexion
backward bending of the foot
pronation
turning the palm backward
origin of a muscle
connection of a muscle to a stationary bone
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body
visceral muscles
smooth muscle connected to internal organs
rotation
circular movement around a central point
supination
turning the palm forward
skeletal muscle
striated muscle connected to bones
acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
articul/o
joint
burs/o
bursa (sac of fluid near joint)
calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
carp/o
wrist bone (carpals)
cervic/o
neck; cervic (neck of uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage
clavicle
collar bone
coccyx
tailbone
ribs
twelve pairs of curved
crani/o
skull
fasci/o
fascia
femor/o
thigh bone
leiomy/o
smooth muscle
humer/o
upper arm bone
ili/o
ilium
ischil/o
ischium
kyph/o
humpback (posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
lamin/o
lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve
lumb/o
loins
malleol/o
malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
my/o
muscle
myel/o
bone marrow
myos/o
muscle
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
patell/o
patella
perone/o
fibula
phalang/o
phalanges (fingers and toes)
vertebr/o
vertebra (backbone)
rhabdomy/o
straited (sketetal) muscle
spondyl/o
vertebra (backbone)
sacr/o
sacrum
sarc/o
flesh
scapul/o
shoulder blade
scoli/o
crooked
stern/o
breast bone
pector/o
statho
tibil/o
larger lower leg bone
uln/o
lower arm bone (little finger side)
radi/o
lower arm bone (thumb side)
mandibu/o
lower jaw bone
-algia
pain
-asthenia
lack of strength
-blast
embryonic; immature
-clast
to break
-desis
to bind; tie together
-emia
blood condition
-listhesis
slipping
-malacia
softening
-penia
deficiency
-porosis
condition of pores (spaces)
-tome
instrument to cut
-trophy
nourishment; development
a-
an-
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
dia-
complete; through
dorsi-
back
epi-
above; upon; on
exo-
out; away from
meta-
change; beyond
peri-
surrounding
poly-
much; many
sub-
under; below
supra-
above
electromyography
the process of recording the strength of muscle contraction
polymyositis
chronic inflammatory myopathy of uncertain etiology (inflammation of many muscles).
tubercle
rounded process on a bone; attachment for muscles and tendons
flexion
decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb.
sinus
cavity within a bone (cranial and facial bones).
tendon
connective tissue tht binds muscles to bones.
ganglion
a cystic mass arising from a tendon in the wrist
subluxation
a partial or incompletge dislocation
talipes
clubfoot
disk
flat
ostenomyelitis
inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
exostosis
bony growth arising from the surface of bone
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of the joint space with a needle.
supination
as applied to the hand
sprain
trauma to a joint with pain
osteoporosis
decrease in bone density; thinning and weakening of the bone
osteoarthritis
progressive
dislocation
displacement of a bone from its joint. For example
fossa
shallow cavity in a bone
bunion
abnormal swelling of the joint between the big toe and the fist metatarsal bone.