Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
climate
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipitation, winds, and clouds in an area.
tropical zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north latitude and 23.5 degrees south latitude.
polar zone
The area near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees north to 90 degrees north and 66.5 degrees south and 90 degrees south latitudes.
temperate zone
The areas between the tropical and polar zones, from 23.5 degrees to 66.5 degrees north and 23.5 degrees and 66.5 degrees south latitudes.
marine climate
The climate of some coastal regions, with realatively warm winters and cool summers.
continental climate
The climate of the centers of continents, with cold winters and warm or hot summers.
windward
The side of the mountains that faces the oncoming wind.
leeward
The downwind side of mountains.
microclimate
The climate characteristic of a small specific area; it may be different from the climate of the surrounding area.
rain forest
A forest in the tropical climate zone that gets plenty of rain all year.
savanna
A tropical grassland with scattered clumps of trees, found in th te tropical wet-and-dry climate zone.
desert
A region that gets less then 25 centimeters of rain in a year.
steppe
A prairie or grassland found in the semiarid climate region.
humid subtropical
A wet and warm cliamte area on the edge if the tropics.
subartic
A climate zone that lies north of the humid continental climate zone, with short, cool summers and long bitter winters.
tundra
a polar region, found across northern Alaska, Canada, and Russia, with short, cool summers and bitterly cold winters.
permafrost
permanently frozen soil found in the tundra climate area.
ice age
Cold time periods in Earth's history, during which glaciers covered large parts of the surface.
sunspot
Dark, cooler regions on the surface of the sun.
greenhouse gases
Gases in the atmosphere that trap in heat.
global warming
A gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere.
chlorofluorocarbons
Chlorine compounds formerly use in air conditioners, refrigerators, and spray cans; also called CFCs.