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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
blood-brain barrier
mechanism that blocks specfic sibstances found in the bloodstream from entering the brain
cell body
division of neuron that includes the nucleus, cell organelles, and surrounding cytoplasm
motor neuron
neuron that transmits impulses from the central nervous system to a muscle or gland; also called efferent neuron.
nervous impulse
phsiological change that transmitted through certain tissues, especially nerve fibers muscles, resulting in activity or inhibition
neurology
branch of medcine concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system
neurotransmitter
chemical substance that transmit or inhibits nerve impulses at a synapse
organelle
cytoplasm structure that provides specialized function for a cell
psychiatry
branch of medcine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
sensory neuron
neuron that transmits impulses from receptors in the skin, sense of organs, and internal organs to the central nervous system also called afferent neuron.
synapse
junction where a nerve impulse passes from an axon terminal to a neuron, muscle cell, or gland cell
cerebro/o
cerebrum
crani/o
cranium (skull)
dendr/o
tree
encephal/o
brain
gangli/o
ganglion (knot or knotlike mass)
gli/o
glue; neuroglial
lex/o
word, phrase
kinesi/o
movement
lept/o
thin, slender
mening/o

meningi/o
meninges
myle/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
narc/o
stupor; numbness; sleep
neur/o
nerve
sthen/o
stength
radicul/o
nerve root
thec/o
sheath
thalam/o
thalamus
ton/o
tension
ventricul/o
venticle
-algesia

-algia
pain
-asthenia
weakness, debility
-esthesia
feeling
-kinesia
movement
-lepsy
seizure
-paresis
partial paralysis
-phasia
speech
-plegia
paralysis
-plexy
stroke
-taxia
order, coordination
-trophy
develompment, nourishment
contra-
agianst
pachy-
thick
para-
near, beside; beyond
syn-
union, together, joined
uni-
one