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42 Cards in this Set

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United Kingdom
A country in western Europe that consists of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland; pop. 60,270,000
Ireland
An island in the British Isles that lies west of Great Britain. Approximately four fifths of the area of Ireland constitutes the Republic of Ireland, with the remaining one fifth belonging to Northern Ireland
Iceland
An island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle, at the northern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, volcanically active, only about 20 percent habitable; pop. 300,000
Norway
A mountainous European country on the northern and western coastline of Scandinavia, on the Norwegian Sea and the Arctic Ocean; pop. 4,574,000
Sweden
A country that occupies the eastern part of the Scandinavian peninsula; pop. 8,986,000
Finland
A country on the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Russia; pop. 5,214,000
Denmark
A country in northwestern Europe, on the Jutland peninsula, between the North and the Baltic seas; pop. 5,400,000
Immigrant
A person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country
Refugees
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
Feudalism
The dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service
Reformation
The action or process of reforming an institution or practice
Enlightenment
A European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition
Industrial Revolution
The rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery
Communism
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs
Cold War
state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular
European Union
An economic and political association of European countries as a unit with internal free trade and common external tariffs
Welfare States
A system whereby the government undertakes to protect the health and well-being of its citizens
Romanticism
movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual
France
A country in western Europe, on the Atlantic Ocean; pop. 60,424,000; capital, Paris; official language, French
Netherlands
A country in western Europe, on the North Sea; pop. 16,318,000; capital, Amsterdam; seat of government, The Hague; language, Dutch
Belgium
A low-lying country in western Europe, on the southern shore of the North Sea; pop. 10,340,000; capital, Brussels, official languages, Flemish and French
Switzerland
A mountainous, landlocked country in central Europe; pop. 7,450,000; capital, Berne
Crusades
An organized campaign concerning a political, social, or religious issue, typically motivated by a fervent desire for change
Reparations
compensation exacted from a defeated nation by the victors; "Germany was unable to pay the reparations demanded after World War I"
Holocaust
The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45. More than 6 million European Jews, as well as members of other persecuted groups, such as gypsies and homosexuals, were murdered
Luxembourg
A country in western Europe, between Belgium and Germany and north of France; pop. 462,000
Realism
The attitude or practice of accepting a situation as it is and being prepared to deal with it accordingly
Impressionism
style or movement in painting originating in France in the 1860s, characterized by a concern with depicting the visual impression of the moment
Italy
A country in southern Europe; pop. 58,057,000; capital, Rome; official language, Italian. Italian name Italia
Spain
A country in southwestern Europe that occupies the greater part of the Iberian peninsula; pop. 40,280,000
Andorra
A small autonomous principality in southwestern Europe, in the southern Pyrenees, between France and Spain; pop. 69,800
Greece
A country in southeastern Europe; pop. 10,647,000
Portugal
A country occupying the western part of the Iberian peninsula in southwestern Europe; pop. 10,393,000
Vatican City
An independent papal state in the city of Rome, the seat of government of the Roman Catholic Church; pop. 1,000
City States
An independent, self-governing city that incorporated its surrounding territory, including smaller towns and villages
Renaissance
The revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th–16th centuries
Serbia
A republic in the Balkans; pop. 9,660,000
Montenegro
A mountainous, landlocked republic in the Balkans, formerly part of Yugoslavia; pop. 632,000; capital, Podgorica
Bosnia
A region in the Balkans that forms the larger, northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Herzegovina
A region in the Balkans that forms the southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is separated from the Adriatic Sea by part of Croatia
Croatia
A country in southeastern Europe, formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia; pop. 4,760,000
Slovenia
A country in southeastern Europe; pop. 2,011,000