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37 Cards in this Set

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GEOGRAPHY
THE STUDY OF THE EARTH AND ITS LAND, WATER, AND PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE
ABSOLUTE LOCATION
THE EXACT POSITION OF A PLACE ON THE EARTH'S SURFACE
HEMISPHERE
ONE-HALF OF THE GLOBE
LATITUDE
LOCATION NORTH OR SOUTH OF THE EQUATOR
LONGITUDE
LOCATION EAST OR WEST OF THE PRIME MERIDIAN
GRID SYSTEM
NETWORK OF IMAGINARY LINES ON THE EARTH'S SURFACE, FORMED BY THE CRISSCROSSING PATTERNS OF THE LINES OF LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE
RELATIVE LOCATION
THE POSITION OF A PLACE ON THE EARTH'S SURFACE IN RELATION TO ANOTHER PLACE
PLACE
THE TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT DISTINGUISH ONE PLACE FROM ANOTHER
ENVIRONMENT
NATURAL SURROUNDINGS
MOVEMENT
DESCRIBES HOW PEOPLE FROM DIFFERENT PLACES INTERACT
REGION
DEFINING THE PARTS OF THE EARTH THAT SHARE COMMON CHARACTERISITICS
GALAXY
HUGE SYSTEM IN THE UNIVERSE INCLUDING MILLIONS OF STARS
SOLAR SYSTEM
GROUP OF PLANETS AND OTHER BODIES THAT REVOLVE AROUND THE SUN
ORBIT
ELLIPTICAL PATH THAT A PLANET FOLLOWS IN REVOLVING AROUND THE SUN
REVOLUTION
ONE COMPLETE TRIP AROUND THE SUN
AXIS
THE HORIZONTAL OR VERTICAL LINE OF MEASUREMENT ON A GRAPH
EQUINOX
DAY IN MARCH AND SEPTEMBER WHEN THE SUN'S RAYS ARE DIRECTLY OVERHEAD AT THE EQUATOR, MAKING DAY AND NIGHT OF EQUAL LENGTH
LANDFORM
INDIVIDUAL FEATURES
CORE
CENTRAL LAYER OF THE EARTH COMPOSED OF HOT IRON AND NICKEL
MANTLE
MIDDLE LAYER OF THE EARTH, COMPOSED OF THICK HOT ROCK
CRUST
OUTER LAYER OF THE EARTH
MAGMA
MELTED ROCK WITHIN THE EARTH'S MANTLE
CONTINENT
ONE OF THE MAJOR LAND AREAS OF THE EARTH
PLATE TECTONICS
THEORY IN GEOLOGY THAT THE EARTH'S CRUST IS MADE UP OF HUGE, MOVING PLATES OF ROCK
FAULT
CRACK IN THER ROCKS OF THE EARTH'S CRUST ALONG WHICH MOVEMENT OCCURS
EARTHQUAKE
VIOLENT JOLTING OR SHAKING OF THE EARTH CAUSED BY MOVEMENT OF ROCKS ALONG A FAULT
TSUNAMI
HUGE SEA WAVE CAUSED BY AN EARTHQUAKE ON THE OCEAN FLOOR
WEATHERING
PROCESS BY WHICH SURFACE ROCKS ARE BROKEN DOWN INTO SMALLER PIECES BY WATER, CHEMICALS, OR FROST
EROSION
WEARING AWAY OF THE EARTH'S SURFACE, MAINLY BY WATER, WIND, OR ICE
PLATEAU
FLAT LANDFORM WHOSE SURFACE IS RAISED ABOVE THE SURROUNDING LAND, WITH A STEEP CLIFF ON ONE SIDE
ISTHMUS
NARROW PIECE OF LAND CONNECTING TWO LARGER PIECES OF LAND
PENINSULA
PIECE OF LAND SURROUNDED BY WATER ON THREE SIDES
LEAP YEAR
YEAR WITH 366 DAYS
SOLSTICE
DAY IN JUNE AND DECEMBER THAT MARKS THE BEGINNING OF SUMMER OR WINTER
STRAIT
NARROW BODY OF WATER LYING BETWEEN TWO PIECES OF LAND
ATMOSPHERE
THICK CUSHION OF GASES SURROUNDING THE EARTH, MADE UP MAINLY OF THE GASES NITROGEN AND OXYGEN
WHAT ARE THE 5 THEMES OF GEOGRPAHY?
LOCATION
PLACE
HUMAN/ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
MOVEMENT
REGION