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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a drug?
A substance taken into the body to affect change to one or more body functions, often to prevent or treat a disease or condtion.
Pharmacology?
The study of drugs and their effects and actions on the body
What are the four names given to a drug?
Chemical Name, Generic name, Official Name and trade name.
Chemical name?
is the first name given to any drug. It gives the exact description of the chemical structure of the drug.
Generic name?
is often related to the chemical name of the drug, but is completely indepedent of the manufacturere. the generic name is the nonproprietary designation of a drug.
Official Name?
Is the name under which it is listed in one of the offical publications. When the drug is available for commerical distribution by the original manufacturer a trade name.
Trade Name?
is registered by the U.S. Patent Office after its name. For 17 year the manufacture has the exclusive rights to production of the drug.
Identify Various laws and regulatory agenciese that regulate drug administration?
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act;
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914;
Narcotic Control Act of 1956;
Controlled Substances Act of 1970
FDA
What is the Pure Food and Drug Act?
1906 it was passed was enacted to prevent the manufacture and trafficking of mislabeled, poisonous, or harmful food and drugs.
What is the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,
This came over of the Pure Food and Drug Act, amended in 1938, required that the safesty of a drug must be proven before it could be distributed to the public. It also required that labels be used to list the possible habit-forming propertiese and side effects of drugs.
What is the Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914?
First federal legislation designed to stop drug addiction or dependence. It established federal control over the importation, menufacture, and sale of the opium and coca plants and all their compaounds and derivatives. It has been revised many time to include new and syntetic forms of potentially addictive drugs.
What is the Narcotic Control Act?
In 1956 this act was passed to amend, the Harris Act and increase penalties for the law's violatorion. This act also made the possesion of heroin an dmarijuana illegal. The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs was an agency of the Department of Justice, which Kept a registry of physicians who were permitted to give out or prescribe controlled substances.
What is the Controlled Substances Act?
In 1970, the act regulates the manufacture and distribution of drugs whose use may result in depndency. Went into affect In May 1971. Anyone who manufactures, prescribes, administrers or dispenses, must register annually with the United States Attorney General under the Drug Enforcement Administration.
Describe the Five Schedules of drugs established by the DEA.
Schedule I, II, III, IV, V
Schedule I
Drugs that have the highest potential for abuse and have no currently accepted medical use in the US. EX opium, marijauan, LSD.
Schedule II
High potential for abuse. Have accepted medicinal use in the US> but with severe restrictions. Abuse of this schudle can lead to either psychologic or physiologic dependence. Written prescription that must be filled within 72 hours. Can not be called into pharmacy. EX. morphine, codeine, Ritalin.
Schedule III
Schedule 3 Drugs that have a limited potential for psychologic or physiologic dependence. Can be called into physican and refilled 5X up to 6 months. Have limited amount of opium, codeine and morphine. EX Tylenol with codiene.
Schedule IV
Drugs that have a lower potential for abuse than those in Schedule II or III.
Schedule 4 can be called into the pharmacist; refilled five time in a 6 month period. Librium, Valium, Darvon, and phenobarbital.
Schedule V
Lower potential for abuse than the other four classes, Used for relief of couhs or diarrhea and contain a limited amount of certain narcotics. EX. Robitussin-DAC.