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22 Cards in this Set

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altruistic suicide
defined by Durkhiem, self annihilation that the person feels will serve a social purpose, such as the self immolations practiced by Buddhist monks in the Vietnam war
anomic suicide
as definied by Durkheim, self annihilation triggered by a person's inability to cope with sudden and unfavorable change in a social situation
ttribution
the explanation a person has for his or her behavior
bilateral ECT
electroconvulsive therapy in which electrodes are placed on each side of the forehad and an electircla current is passed between them through both hemispheres of the brain
bipolar I disorder
a term applied to the disorder of people who experience episodes of mania and depression or mania alone
cyclothymic disorder
chronic swings between elation and dpression not severe enough to warrant the diagnosis of bipolar disorder
depression
a dirosrder makred by great sadness and apprehension, feelings of worthlessnes and guitl, withdrawl from others, loss of sleep, appetite, sexual desire, loss of interest and pleasure in usual activities and iether lethargy or agitation called major depression in DSM IV TR and unipolar depression by others- can be symptom of other disorders
dysthmic disorder
state of depression that is long lasting but not severe enough for the diagnosis of major depression
egoistic suicid
as defined by Durkherim, self annihilation committed because the indiv feels extreme alienation from others and from society
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a treatment that produces a convulsion by passing electric current through the brain. though an upleasant and occassionally dangerous procedure it can be useful in alleviating profound depression
hypomania
an above normal elecation of mood but not as extreme as mania
learned helplessness theory
theory that indivs acquire passivity amd a sense of being unable to act and to control their lives, this happen through unpleasant experiences and traumas against which their efforts were ineffective according to Seligman this brings on depression
lithium carbonate
a drug useful in treating both mania and depression in bipolar disorder
logotherapy
an existential psychotherapy developed by Viktor Frankl, aimed at helping the demoralized client restore meaning to life by placing his or her suffering in a larger spirutal and philosphical context. the indiv assumes responsibility for his or her existence and for pursuing a meaningul life
major depression (unipolar)
a disorder of indivs who have epxerienced episodes of depression but not of mania
mania
an emo state of intesne but unfounded elation evidenced in talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractability, grandiose plans, and spurts of purposeless activity
monoamine oxidase (MAO)inhibitor
an enzyme that deactivates catecholamines and indoleamines with in the presynaptic neuron, the indolemaines in the synapse
mood disorder
disorders in which there are disabling disturbances in emo
negative triad
Beck's theory of dperession, a person's baleful views of self, the world, and the future; the triad is in a reciprocal causal relationship with pessimistic assumptions (schemata) and cognitive biases such as selective abstraction
suicide prevention centers
based on the assumption that people are often ambivalent about taking hteir own lives, these centers are staffed primarily by paraprofessionals who are trained to be empathic and to enocurage suicidal calles to consider nondestructive ways of dealing with what is bothering them
tricyclic drugs
group of antidepressants with molecular structures characterized by 3 fused rings known to interfere with the reuptake of norepinephrine and seroton in a neuron after it has fired
unilateral ECT
electroconvulsive therapy in which electrodes are placed on 1 side of the forehead so that current passes throuhg only 1 brain hemisphere