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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
software that enables you to solve specific problems or perform specific tasks.
Application software
the science of making machines imitate human thinking and behavior.
Artificial intelligence (AI)
a small ad on one Web site that advertises the products and services of another business, usually another dot-com business.
Banner ad
the actual hardware that interprets and executes the software instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together.
Central processing unit (CPU)
a system that is designed specifically to improve the performance of teams by supporting the sharing and flow of information
Collaboration system
the collective personality of a nation or society, encompassing language, traditions, currency, religion, history, music, and acceptable behavior, among other things.
an extension of a TPS that places technology in the hands of an organization's customers and allows them to process their own transactions.
Customer-integrated system (CIS)
raw facts that describe a particular phenomenon.
an environment in which an organization splits computing power and locates it in functional business areas as well as on the desktops of knowledge workers.
Decentralized computing
marked by the electronic movement of all types of information, not limited to numbers, words, graphs, and photos but including physiological information such as voice recognition and synthesization, biometrics (your retina scan and breath for example), and 3-D holograms.
Digital economy
commerce, but it is commerce accelerated and enhanced by information technology, in particular, the Internet.
Electronic commerce
the direct computer-to-computer transfer of transaction information contained in standard business documents, such as invoices and purchase orders, in a standard format.
Electronic data interchange (EDI)
the principles and standards that guide our behavior toward other people.
a highly interactive IT system that allows you to first view highly summarized information and then choose how you would like to see greater detail, which may alert you to potential problems or opportunities.
Executive information system (EIS)
describes the environment surrounding the organization.
External information
one in which customers, businesses, suppliers, distributors, and manufacturers all operate without regard to physical and geographical boundaries.
Global economy
a powerful storage facility for organizing and managing all documents related to specific teams.
Group document database
the popular term for the software component that supports the collaborative efforts of a team.
a very knowledgeable computer user who uses his or her knowledge to invade other people's computers.
The physical devices that make up a computer (ofter refered to as a computer system)
data that have a particular meaning within a specific context.
a time when knowledge is power
Information age
the extent of detail within the information
Information granularity
can define what information they need, know how and were to obtain that information, understand the information once they receive it, and act appropriately based on the information to help the organization achieve the greatest advantage.
Information-literate knowledge workers
any computer-based tool that people use to work with information and support the information and information-processing needs of an organization.
Information technology (IT)
a tool you use to capture information and commands.
Input device
information that describes specific operational aspects of the organization.
Internal information
an internal organizational Internet that is guarded against outside access by a special security feature called a firewall (which can be software, hardware, or a combination of the two).
works with and produces information as a product.
Knowledge worker
deals with the planning for, development, management, and use of information technology tools to help people perform all tasks related to information processing and management.
Management information systems (MIS)
the term used to describe electronic commerce conducted over a wireless device such as a cell phone or personal digital assistant.
an artificial intelligence system that is capable of finding and differentiating patterns.
Neural network (often called an artificial neural network or ANN)
quantifiably describes something that is known.
Objective information
the manipulation of information to support decision making.
Online analytical processing (OLAP)
the gathering of input information, processing that information, and updating existing information to reflect the gathered and processed information.
Online transaction processing (OLTP)
system software that controls your application software and manages how your hardware devices work together.
Operating system software
manages and directs the day-to-day operations and implementations of the goals and strategies.
Operational management
a tool you use to see, hear, or otherwise accept the results of your information-processing requests.
Output device
temporary storage that holds the information you're working with, the application software you're using, and the operating system software you're using.
RAM (random access memory)
an environment in which an organization's information is organized in one central location, allowing anyone to access and use it as he or she needs to.
Shared information
the set of instructions that your hardware executes to carry out a specific task for you.
a tool you use to store information for use at a later time.
Storage device
provides an organization with overall direction and guidance.
Strategic management
attempts to describe something that is unknown.
Subjective information
handles tasks specific to technology management and coordinates the interaction of all technology devices.
System software
develops the goals and strategies outlined by strategic management.
Tactical management
a person who knows how and when to apply technology.
Technology-literate knowledge worker
a tool you use to send information to and receive it from another person or location.
Telecommunications device
a system that processes transactions that occur within an organization.
Transaction processing system (TPS)
firm that produces and sells products and services in countries all over the world
Transnational firm
software that provides additional functionality to your operating system.
Utility software
a technology-enabled workplace. No walls. No boundaries. Work anytime, anyplace, linked to other people and information you need, wherever they are.
Virtual workplace