Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adnexa uteri
fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
amnion
innermost membrane around the embryo.
areola
dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple.
bartholin glands
small exocroine glands at the vaginal orfice.
cervix
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; part of the placenta.
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus.
coitus
sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum
empty graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after release of the egg cell; literaly means,
yellow body.
cul-de-sac
region within the pelvism midway between the rectum and uterus.
embryo
stage in prenatal development from implantation of the fertilized ovum until the second month of pregnancy.
endometrium
inner mucous membrane living in the uterus.
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics.
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
fertilization
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
fetus
embryo from the eighth week after fertilization until birth.
fimbriae
finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum.
gamete
male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum.
genitalia
reproductive organs; also called genitals.
gestation
period of fertilization of the ovum until birth; pregnancy.
gonad
organ in the male (testis) and female (ovary) that produces gametes.
graafian follicle
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary; only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.
gynecology
study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts.
human chorionic gonadtropin (HCG)
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-trophin) the mothers ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
hymen
mucous membrane partially or completely covering the vaginal orfice.
labia
lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and the labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips.
lactiferous ducts
tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
mammary papilla
nipple of the breast; any small shaped projection.
menarche
beginning of the first menstral period during puberty.
menopause
gradual ending of menstration.
menstruation
monthly shedding of the uterine lining.
myometrium
muscle layer lining the uterus.
neonatology
branch of medicine that concentrates on the care of the newborn (neonate).
obstetrics
branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
orfice
an opening
ovary
one of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis; almond shaped and produce egg cells and hormones.
ovulation
release of the ovum from the ovary.
ovum
egg cell; female gamete.
parturition
act of giving birth.
perineum
in females, the area between the anus and vagina.
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of the brain; produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries.
placenta
vascular organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall; a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.
pregnancy
growth and developmental process in a woman from fertilization through embryotic and fetal periods to birth; gestation.