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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the inability to distinguish what you originally experienced fromwhat you heard or were told about an event later

ex. the case of H.M., unable to form new memories or reconstruct the past
source amnesia
conscious, intentional recollection of an event or of an item of information
explicit memory
the ability to retrieve and reproduce from memory previously encountered material

ex. essay and fill-in-the-blank exams
the ability to idenitify previously encountered material

ex. true-false and multiple choice tests
unconscious retention in memory, as evidenced by the effect of a previous experience or previously encountered information on current thoughts or actions
implicit memory
a method for measuring implicit memory in which a person reads or listens to information and is later tested to see whether the information affects performance on another type of task
a memory system that accurately but very briefly registers sensory information before the information fades or moves into short-term memory
sensory register
in the three-box model of memory, a limited capacity memory system involved in the retention of information for brief periods; it is also used to hold information retrieved from long-term memory for temporary use
short-term memory
short-term memory plus the mental processes that control retrieval of information from long-term memory and interpret that information appropriately for a given task.

ex. case of h.m., can do arithmetic, converse, relate events that predate their injury, do anything else that requires retrieval of information from long-term into short-term memory
working memory
in the three-box model of memory, the memory system involved in the long-term storage of information
long-term memory
memories for the performance of actions or skills ("knowing how")

ex. knowing how to comb your hair, use a pencil, etc
procedural memories
memories of facts, rules, concepts, and events ("knowing that")

ex. knowinging that ottawa is the capital of canada, explicit learning
declarative memories
memories of general knowledge, including facts, rules, concepts, and propositions

ex. knowing a cat is small & furry, implicit learining
semantic memories
memories of personally experienced events and the contexts in which they occured

ex. your wedding day
episodic memories
the tendency for recall of the first and last items on a list to surpass recall of items in the middle of the list.

ex. vocabulary list
serial-position effect
the theory that information in memory eventually disappears if it is not accessed, it applies more to short-term than to long-term memory
decay theory
forgetting that occurs when recently learned material interferes with the ability to remember similar material stored previously
retroactive interference
forgetting that occurs when previously stored material interferes with the ability to remember similar, more recently learned material
proactive interference
the inability to retrieve information stored in memory because of insufficient cues for recall
cue-dependent forgetting
the tendency to remember something when the rememberer is in the same physical or mental state as during the original learning or experience
state-dependent memory
the loss of memory for important personal information, often painful events.
in psychoanalytic theory, the involuntary pushing of threatenin or upsetting information into the unconscious