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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
epidermis
thin outer layer of the skin
dermis
corium
dense, fibrous connective tissue layer of the skin
subcutaneous layer
connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis
adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
fat
derm/o
dermat/o
cutane/o
skin
erythr/o
red
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
histi/o
tissue
kerat/o
hard
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nail
plas/o
formation
purpur/o
purple
seb/o
sebum (oil)
squam/o
scale
trich/o
hair
xer/o
dry
xanth/o
yellow
epithelium
cells covering external and internal surfaces of the body
squamous cell layer
flat, scalelike epithelial cells comprising the outermost epidermis
basal layer
deepest layer of epidermis
melanocyte
cell in the basal layer that gives color to the skin
melanin
dark brown to black pigment contained in melanocytes
dermis
corium
dense, fibrous connective tissue layer of the skin
sebaceous glands
oil glands in the skin
sebum
oily substance secreted by teh sebaceous glands
sudoriferous glands
sweat glands
subcutaneous layer
connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis
collagen
protein substance in skin and connective tissue
hair
outgrowth of the skin composed of keratin
nail
outgrowth of the skin at the end of each finger and toe, composed of keratin
keratin
hard protein material found in the peidermis, hair, and nails
lesion
an area of pathologically altered tissue
primary lesions
lesions arising from perviouly normal skin
macule
a flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1 cm across (freckle)
patch
a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm (vitiligo)
papule
a solid mass on the skin up to 0.5 cm in diameter (mole)
plaque
a solid mass greater than 1 cm in diameter, limited to the surface of the skin
nodule
a solid mass greater than 1 cm, extending deeper into the epidermis
tumor
solid mass larger than 1-2 cm
wheal
an area of localized skin edema (hive)
vesicle
little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac within or under the epidermis up to 0.5 cm in diamater (fever blister)
bulla
a blister larger than 0.5 cm (second degree burn)
pustule
a pus-filled sac
ulcer
an open sore on the skin that can bleed (decubitus ulcer)
excoriation
a scratch mark
fissure
a linear crack in the skin
scale
a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis (dandruff)
crust
dried residue of serum, pus, or blood on the skin
keloid
an abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular
telangiectasia
spider angioma
a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels
petechia
spot; reddish-brown
ecchymosis
bruise; a black and blue mark
nevus
birthmark, mole
verruca
wart
alopecia
"fox mange", baldness
comedo
a blackhead caused by a plug of sebum
erythema
redness of skin
pruritus
severe itching
urticaria
hives
xeroderma
dry skin
rubella
varicella
german measles
chicken pox
eczema
to boil out, inflammation of papules and vesicles that crust and scale
furuncle
boil
herpes zoster
shingles
impetigo
highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted, most often around the mout hadn nostrils
actinic keratoses
thickening of teh skin caused by excesssive exposure to the sunlight
lupus
a chronic autoimmune disease
onychia
inflammation of the nail
paronychia
inflammation of nail fold
pediculosis capitis
pediculosis pubis
head lice
crabs
psoriasis
silver-gray scales
tinea
ringworm, athlete's foot