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9 Cards in this Set

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psychoterapies that share the goal of exploring the unconscious dynamics of personality, although they differ from Freudian analysis in various ways
psychodynamic therapies
a form of therapy that applies principles of classical and operant conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic behaviors
behavior therapy
in behavior therapy, a method in which a person suffering from an anxiety disorder, such as a phobia or panic attacks, is taken directly into the feared situation until the anxiety subsides
graduated exposure
in behavior therapy, an effort to teach the client skills that he or she may lack, as well as new constructive behaviors to replace self-defeating ones
skills training
a form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and hence to reduce negative emotions and their behavioral consequences
cognitive therapy
a form of cognitive therapy devised by Albert Ellis, designed to challenge the client's unrealistic or irrational thoughts
rational emotive behavior therapy
a form of pyschotherapy based on the philosophy of humanism, which emphasizes people's free will to change, not past conflicts
humanist therapy
a humanist approach to therapy devised by Carl Rogers, which emphasizes the therapist's empathy with the client and the use of unconditional positive regard
client-centered (nondirective) therapy
a form of therapy designed to help clients explore the meaning of existence and face the great questions of life, such as death, freedom, alienation, and loneliness
existential therapy