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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In photosynthesis, the series of reactions that synthesize simple sugars from carbon dioxide and hydrogen is known as the
calvin cycle
The passing of electrons along a series of molecules, releasing energy as they go, is known as an
electron transport chain
A series of reactions in aerobic respiration that begins and ends with the same 6-carbon compound is the
citric acid cycle
In aerobic respiration, energy is released when sugar is broken down in the presence of oxygen: CO2 and H2O are given off as ________
Energy in Glucose cannot be released by _________
The reaction in which energy from the sun is converted to chemical energy are called
Light Reactions
The anaerobic process of splitting glucose to form pyruvic acid is called
The process by which organisms obtain energy from inorganic compounds instead of from light is
Leaves appear green because the green portion of the light that strikes them is
_____________ relates to Aerobic process: anaerobic process
Oxygen; anaerobic
Photosynthesis: Respiration-- are both complex groups of reactions that involve energy, and require enzymes, occure in specific organelles, and involve movement of electrons.
In Photosynthesis, energy is stored when co2 and H2O combine to form sugar or starch and release oxygen as a waste.
The process by which autotrophs use energy from sunlight to build carbohydrates is called
_____________________ best represents photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Some bacteria that are adapted to live without oxygen combine carbon dioxide and hydrogen to produce ______________
In glycolysis, _______ molecules of ATP are used in teh first step and ____ molecules of ATP are produced in the second step.
Two, four
______ and _______ are a part of adenosine diphosphate.
Adenine and Ribose
The splitting of water during photosynthesis is
In respiration, the final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain is
Cells store energy when ___________.
a third phosphate group is bonded to an ATP molecule.
Kidneys use energy to move molecules and ions in order to keep the blood chemically balanced. This process is an example of cells using energy to _____________
maintain Homestasis