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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Authority
Legal right to use power
Bureaucratic theory
Theory - most political power belongs to bureaucrats - those who operate government agencies.
Democracy
Political system where people rule directly or indirectly
Initiative
Procedure alloweing voters to submit proposed law to popular vote by obtaining signatures.
Legitimacy
Political authority given by law/public opinion/constitution
Marxist theory
theory - society is divided into two economic classes which allows upper class to politically dominate the lower class.
Nongovernmental elitist theory
theory - An elite outside the government makes most major decisions. Elite includes big corporations, unions, military.
Pluralist theory
theory - political resources ($, prestige, etc) are widely distributed in society, no single elite has monopoly.
Political elite
group of persons who have a disproportionate share of resources - $/political power
Power
Ability of one person to get another person to act according to first person's intentions.
Referendum
Practice of submitting a law to a popular vote at election time. Law could be proposed by voter initiative or legislature.
Representative democracy
Leaders and representatives acquire power by competitive struggle for people's vote.