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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Internet
Worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals. Also called the Net.
World Wide Web
Worldwide collection of electronic documents. See also Web.
ARPANET
Network developed by the Pentagon's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) that linked scientific and academic researchers across the United States.
host
Any computer that provides services and connections to other computers on a network.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
Consortium of nearly 400 organizations from around the world that oversees research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet.
access provider
Business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee.
ISP (Internet service provider
Regional or national Internet access provider.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
Consortium of nearly 400 organizations from around the world that oversees research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet.
online service provider (OSP)
Company that provides internet access as well as many members-only features.
Internet backbone
Major carriers of network traffic on the Internet.
IP address
A number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet. See also Internet Protocol address.
top-level domain
Identifies the type of organization associated with the domain.
domain name
Text version of an IP address.
WWW
Worldwide collection of electronic documents. Also called the Web or World Wide Web.
Web site
Collection of related Web pages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a Web server.
Web server
Computer that delivers requested Web pages to a computer.
Web 2.0
Term used to refer to Web sites that provide a means for users to share personal information, allow users to modify Web site content, and have application software built into the site for visitors to use.
Web browser
Application software that allows users to access and view Web pages. Also called a browser.
home page
First page that a Web site displays.
downloading
Process of a computer receiving information, such as a Web page, from a server on the Internet.
URL
Unique address for a Web page. See also Uniform Resource Locator or Web address.
hyperlink
Built-in connection to another related Web page or part of a Web page.
search engine
Program that finds Web sites, Web pages, images, videos, news, maps, and other information related to a specific topic.
subject directory
Search tool that classifies Web pages in an organized set of categories and subcategories
multimedia
Any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality.
graphic
Digital representation of nontext information such as a drawing, chart, or photo. See also graphical image.
JPEG
Format that compresses graphics to reduce their file size.
GIF
Graphics format that uses compression techniques to reduce file sizes
thumbnail
Small version of a larger graphic.
animation
Appearance of motion created by displaying a series of still images in sequence.
Streaming
Process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow.