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Coast Guard Headquarters is
the administrative and operational command and control center for the Coast Guard. The senior officer is the Commandant.
The Commandant:
- Plans, supervises, and coordinates the overall activities of the Coast Guard
- Directs the policy and administration of the Coast Guard under the general supervision of the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security
- Provides immediate direction to Headquarters units
Activities Europe is
responsible to the Commandant for the administration and command of European Units
The Coast Guard is organized into two specific regions:
- Atlantic
- Pacific
These regions contain:
- District offices
- 1 MLC
- Cutters
Three star Admirals lead
the Atlantic and Pacific areas
Areas have direct oversight of:
- High Endurance Cutters
- Medium Endurance Cutters
- Marine Safety and Security Teams
One or Two star Admirals lead
MLCs, which provide support to all operational units and personnel within their respective areas.
Districts are commanded by
Rear Admirals and are responsible for the administration and general direction of units under their authority and assuring that the functions and duties of the Coast Guard are performed efficiently, safely, and economically within their districts
Cutters over 180’ in length fall under
command of Areas
Cutters under 180’
length fall under the command of Districts.
How many Coast Guard units report directly to Headquarters
35
Traditionally the Coast Guard’s role in wartime has been to:
- Augment the Navy with cutters and manpower
- Embark on special missions utilizing the Coast Guard’s unique skills
QUASI-WAR:
During the war with France in 1798 Revenue Cutters captured 18 prizes unaided and assisted in the capture of two others.

The Cutter PICKERING captured 10 prizes one of which carried 44 guns and 200 men.

The Cutter EAGLE recaptured the American vessels NANCY and MEHITABLE
WAR OF 1812:
The Coast Guard augmented the Navy with shallow-draft craft.

The Cutter JEFFERSON captured the first prize of the war.

The Cutter SURVEYOR battled the British NARCISSIS in which their gallantry was praised by the British victors.

The Captain of the SURVEYOR was Captain Samuel Travis

The Cutter EAGLE defended itself against the DISPATCH even after it had been run ashore on Long Island from 9a.m. until late afternoon. When the crew ran out of cannon ammo they used pages from the logbook. Their flag was shot away 3 times.
MEXICAN – AMERICAN WAR:
The Navy required the use of the Revenue Cutter’s steam-propelled cutters

The cutters performed the following missions:
- Performing scouting, convoy, and towing duties
- Blockading harbors
- Transporting troops and supplies
- Executing forays up the Alvarado and Tabasco rivers
- Conducting river expeditions
- Carrying mail and dispatches
- Quelling a mutiny of troops on the MIDDLESEX
CIVIL WAR:
The Cutter HARRIET LANE fired the first shots of the Civil War.

CG Cutters performed blockade duty along the Atlantic Coast, Chesapeake Bay, and Potomac River.

Cutters not assigned to the Navy:
- Patrolled the shipping lanes to safeguard trade against Southern privateers
- Assisted distressed vessels at sea
- Continued the normal duty of protecting the nation’s customs revenue as this income was critical to the Union war effort
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR:
8 Cutters carrying 43 guns joined Rear Admiral William Sampson’s North Atlantic Squadron on blockade duty off of Cuba’s coast

The cutter MCCULLOCH was engaged in the battle at Manila Bay, and subsequently became the escort and dispatch boat with Commodore George Dewey’s Asiatic Squadron

11 cutters served under the Army’s tactical control, guarding our important east and west coast ports

On May 11. 1898 in Cardenas Bay, Cuba, the cutter HUDSON and torpedo boat WINSLOW were engaged in battle with Spanish gunboats and shore batteries. The HUDSON rescued the crew of the WINSLOW
WORLD WAR I:
The first time the entire Coast Guard was transferred to the Department of the Navy.

A major duty of the Coast Guard was to provide port security in the U.S.

A higher percentage of coastguardsmen killed than any other service.
WORLD WAR II
The Dangerous Cargo Act was passed giving Coast Guard jurisdiction over ships carrying explosives and dangerous cargos.

The Coast Guard was given responsibility of cold weather operations in Greenland.

The cutter NORTHLAND took the Norwegian trawler BOSKOE making it the first capture of the war.

Coast Guard manned ships sank 11 enemy submarines.

Coast Guard cutters performing convoy duties are credited with sinking 12 German U-boats.
Douglas Munro
the Coast Guard’s only Medal of Honor recipient earning it for action during the Battle of Guadalcanal
Coast Guard craft rescued more than
1500 survivors of torpedo attacks off the U.S. coast. Cutters on convoy duty rescued another 1000.
Armed Coast Guardsmen patrolled
the beaches and docks
Less publicized actions were(WWII):
- Providing port security
- Supervising the movement of dangerous cargoes
- Controlling merchant vessel traffic
- Maintaining aids to navigation
- Breaking ice to allow ship passage
KOREAN WAR:
The Coast Guard’s role was marginal, primarily a role of support.
VIETNAM:
The Coast Guard was utilized during operation “Market Time” by using shallow-draft warships
DESERT STORM/DESERT SHIELD
Coast Guard LEDETs enforced UN sanctions against Iraq

Reserve PSUs provided coastal patrols, anti-terrorist operations, and overall port security
WAR ON TERRORISM:
Units from Activities New York were on of the first to respond .

Other operations include:
- Operation Liberty Shield
- Operation Enduring Freedom
- Operation Iraqi Freedom
During Operation Noble Eagle
the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard deployed jointly under Coast Guard command
SEARCH AND RESCUE
Roots back to the 19th century when America experienced an in flux of immigration. Many of the immigrant ships would be lost to winter storms. The Lifesaving service was created to assist.
The equipment of a lifeboat station was:
o A fully equipped iron boat on a wagon
o A mortar apparatus for propelling a rescue line, powder and shot
o A small covered “life car”
The leader of the station was known as the
wreckmaster.
In 1871__________recreated the lifesaving service with new stations and new equipment.
Sumner Kimball
The largest number of immigrants rescued from a single vessel was by
the CGC DAUNTLESS rescuing 578 migrants from a 75 foot coastal freighter.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Started in 1822, when Congress created a timber reserve for the Navy

Due to the value of their furs Alaskan seals had to be protected from poachers giving the cutters authority to enforce Alaskan game laws.
FISH CONSERVATION:
The Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 created a 200 mile offshore fishing zone to be controlled by the U.S. and enforced by the Coast Guard.

The Coast Guard enforces the UN moratorium on High Seas Drift Net Fishing.
WATERWAYS POLLUTION:
The Refuse Act of 1899 addressed the problem of water pollution.

The framework of the Coast Guard’s Marine Environmental Protection program is the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972.

The Coast Guard Strike Force consists of three teams:

o Pacific
o Gulf
o Atlantic
LAW ENFORCEMENT:
Law enforcement is one of the Coast Guard’s oldest missions. Alexander Hamilton authorized ten cutters to enforce tariff laws in1790.

Smuggling was considered patriotic duty until after the War of independence.

Cutters ALABAMA and LOUISIANA captured the BRAVO and Jean LaFarge, lieutenant of Jean Lafite of New Orleans.

Intercepting contraband was the Coast Guard’s prime responsibility prior to World War II.
On August 31, 1890 a cutter made the first narcotics seizure
The USRC WALCOTT discovered an undeclared amount of opium on a ship in the Straits of Juan de Fuca.
During prohibition the Coast Guard started the
“Rum war at sea”.
ICE OPERATIONS:
The ice operations of the U.S. Coast Guard began after the RMS TITANIC struck an iceberg and 1500 lives were lost.

Cutters Seneca and Miami were assigned to conduct the patrol in 1913.

The sinking of the TITANIC caused the creation of the International Ice Patrol on February 7, 1914.
AIDS TO NAVIGATION:
On August 7, 1789 all existing lighthouses and aids were federalized.

There were no tenders only lone keepers to maintain the light.

The lighthouse Service fell under the Treasury Department.
In 1838 Congress passed the
federal steamboat inspection law enfoced by the Coast Guard.
- Abbie Burgess
– served 38 years at Matinicus Rock and White Head Light Stations Maine while caring for her family.
- Ida Lewis
served 39 years at he Lime Rock Lighthouse, saving 18 lives
- Marcus Hanna
served at the Cape Elizabeth Light. The only man in history to be awarded the Medal of Honor and the Gold Lifesaving Medal.
BOATING SAFETY:
One of today’s most visible Coast Guard missions

The motorboat act of 1910 established a credible boating safety program.

The creations of the Coast Guard Auxiliary helped better manage the enforcement of boating safety.

The motorboat Act of 1940 brought out improved safety standards.
MILITARY READINESS:
The Coast Guard is a military, multi-mission, and maritime service.

Title 14 of US code cites that the Coast Guard is a military service, unceasingly, not just in wartime.

The Coast Guard has served in all of our nation’s wars as a naval augmentation force.

According to the Memorandum of Agreement the Coast Guard has five specific national defense missions:
o Maritime interception operations
o Military environmental response operations
o Port operations security and defense
o Peacetime military engagements
o Coastal sea control operations
COAST GUARD RESERVE:
The reserve is a part time force, composed of approximately 8,000 specially trained people. They serve one weekend a month and two weeks a year.
Reservists were classified under two categories
o Regular Reservists – served on active duty until the end of World War II
o Temporary Reservists – volunteers and former Auxiliary members both paid and unpaid performing coastal patrol and port security.
SPAR
the women’s branch of the reserves means simper paratus always ready.
The first organized reserve unit was established in
Boston in October, 1950.
COAST GUARD AUXILIARY
Created on June 23, 1939 by the Coast Guard Reserve Act to promote safety on navigable waters, efficient operation of motorboats and yachts, better understanding and compliance with motoring laws, and to assist the Coast Guard in certain operations.
The three classifications were
Senior Navigator, Navigator, and Engineer.
During the war the Auxiliary performed:
o Patrolled waterfront facilities and inlets
o Manned lookout and lifesaving stations
o Performed rescue missions
o Served as a recruiting and training agency for the Coast Guard Reserve
o Filled gaps left by Coast Guardsmen who were deployed outside the U.S.
o Served in many other important ways
Now there are five branches of training available to Auxiliarists:
o Seaman
o Artificer – Radio
o Artificer – Engine Room
o Aviation
o Special Branch
– Yeomen, Storekeeper
The Courtesy Marine Examination
is one of the Auxiliary’s most important assignments.
Today’s Auxiliary is organized into four units:
o Flotilla
o Division
o District Regions
o National
Flotilla is the
basic unit of the Auxiliary, headed by a Flotilla Commander and consisting of 15 or more members
Divisions are
groups of Flotillas from the same geographical region headed by a Division Captain.
Regions are
groups of Districts headed by District Commodores. At this level Coast Guard officers are assigned to oversee the programs.
National officers are
responsible for the administration and policy-making for the Auxiliary.
After September 11, 2001 the Department of Homeland Security was created. On______________ the Coast Guard was officially transferred.
February 25, 2003
1918 – ________________the first uniformed women to serve in the USCG.
Twin sisters Genevieve and Lucille Baker become the first uniformed women to serve in the USCG.
1945 – The first five African-American females
enter the SPARs: Byrd, Cooke, Hooker, Cumberbach, Mosley
1958 – First Master Cheif YN
Master Chief Yeoman Jack Kerwin becomes the first E-9
1959 – Alex Haley
retires as Chief Journalist after serving in WWII and Korea. Haley authors the book Roots and the Autobiography of Malcolm X
1962 – Master Chief Yeoman first SPAR E-9
Pearl Faurie becomes the first SPAR E-9
The Pearl Faurie Leadership Award is established
1969 – ____________ was instated as the first MCPOCG
BMCM Charles L. Calhoun
1972 – The first women’s REBI classes established with these ratings:
Yeomen – Storekeeper – Radioman – Hospital Corpsman
1973 –
Women’s Reserve ends/ Women integrated into Active Duty/ Women admitted to OCS/ Combat exclusion for women ends/ Alice Jefferson sworn in as first SPAR
1978 –
All officer career fields and enlisted ratings are open to women
1981 –
Enlisted women are assigned to isolated units
1982 –
1st CPOA convenes
1987 –
BMCM Donald Horsley retires after 44 years of service
1988 –
first female OIC afloat Dianne Bucci/ Pamela Autry is the first female engineer and African-American female to make E-7/ Grace Parmalee first Asian-American appointed to Warrant Officer.
1989 –
First female OIC ashore Krystine Carbajal
1990 –
Operation Desert Shield begins with 14 women reservists in the Persian Gulf
1992 –
First Hispanic American female advanced to E-7 Sonia Colon
1999 –
MCPOCG Patton appointed to the academy board of trustees
Marcus Hanna – .
Awarded Medal of Honor during Civil War, received Gold Lifesaving Medal for rescuing two men from the schooner AUSTRALIA
Frederick Hatch –
two-time winner of the Gold Lifesaving Medal, first in the Life-saving Service and second in the Lighthouse service.
Joshua James –
the most celebrated life saver in Coast Guard history. Saved over 600 lives 29 of which from five different vessels off of Hull Mass. In Nov. 1888.
Ida Lewis –
the official keeper of the Lime Rock Light station called the Bravest Woman in America. The first keeper class coastal buoy tender is named for her.
Rasmus Midgett –
saved 10 people from the grounded ship PRISCILLA in 1899
Margaret Novell –
cared for over 200 people in 1903 when a winter strom blew away their houses
Douglas Munro –
received the Medal of Honor for heroism performed in WWII on the island of Point Cruz at the Battle of Guadalcanal. Munro helped evacuate 500 Marines from the beach giving his life in the process.
NAVY CROSS –
awarded to persons serving with the Navy or Marine Corps that distinguish themselves with heroism not justifying the MOH
William Best/ Elam Russell/ Raymond Evans –
crew of the cutter SENECA all receiving the Navy Cross for services to attempt save the British steamer WELLINGTON.
COAST GUARD DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL –
awarded to persons serving in the USCG who distinguish themselves by exceptionally meritorious service to the United States in a duty of great responsibility
William Boyce –
crewman of the SENECA received award for services rendered to save the vessel WELLINGTON
SILVER STAR –
awarded to persons serving with Navy or Marine Corps who distinguish themselves by heroism not justifying the MOH while engaged in military operations against an enemy of the US
Benjamin Harrison –
saved the cutter CAMPBELL from sinking after a collision with the U-606
Willis Goff. Larry Villareal –
rescued a 9 man Army detachment trapped by Vietcong platoons.
LEGION OF MERIT –
awarded to U.S. military personnel for service rendered comparable to that of the Distinguished Service Medal but in a lesser duty.
John Cullen –
discovered and reported the first landing of German saboteurs on the U.S. coast on June 13, 1942.
COAST GUARD MEDAL –
awarded to persons serving on active duty in the Coast Guard who distinguish themselves by heroism not involving conflict with the enemy
William Flores –
died in the line of duty while saving the lives of his shipmates on the CGC BLACKTHORN by using his belt to strap open the lifejacket compartment allowing lifejackets to float free as the cutter sank.
Charles Sexton –
died in the line of duty responding to the F/V SEA KING after boarding the vessel to treat injuries then attempting to dewater the vessel as the vessel suddenly sinks.
BRONZE STAR –
awarded to persons serving in any capacity with the U.S. Armed Forces who distinguish themselves after December 6, 1941 by heroic actions, meritorious achievement, or service not involving participation in aerial flight while engaged in enemy action
Richard Patterson –
saved the lives of the crew of CGC POINT WELCOME when they came under attack in south Vietnam
GOLD LIFESAVING MEDAL –
awarded for rescues of extreme and heroic daring in saving or attempting to save another from drowning, a shipwreck, or other perils at sea.
John Midgett –
rescued all but 10 men in a 6 ½ hour ordeal from the burning British tanker MIRLO at the Chicamacomico Lifeboat Station, NC
John Steadman –
awarded posthumously for endeavoring to save the lives of two persons drowning during a hurricane at Woods Hole, MA in 1938
SILVER LIFESAVING MEDAL –
awarded for rescue actions slightly less outstanding than that of the Gold Lifesaving Medal.
Ralph Mace –
posthumously awarded for his attempts to save two persons from the F/V MERMAID disabled in Peacock Spit in the Columbia River
CHIEF WARRANT OFFICER:
Petty officers can advance to CWO if they are first class or above, and have their commanding officers recommendation if they meet the minimum eligibility requirements.

They must:
Demonstrate character consistent with Coast Guard core values
Have no history of substance/ or alcohol abuse
Have no history of civil/military misconduct
Be financially responsible
Fully support Commandant policies in all areas of civil rights, diversity, and all other human resource initiatives.
Minimum requirements must be completed by
January 1st of the year in which the CWO appointment board convenes
Minimum criteria:
U.S. citizen

Duty status of at least 8 years total active duty, the last 4 in the Coast Guard and have not applied for separation or retirement

SWE results in the top 50% on the E-7 advancement eligibility list in May prior to the Jan. 1st deadline

Enlisted rate of E-6 or above and have completed one year of sea duty in pay grade of E-6 or above if applying for boatswain, weapons, or naval engineering specialties

Medical must possess normal color perception

Recommendation from unit CO
OFFICER CANDIDATE SCHOOL:
Candidates are selected based on a competitive system. After 17 weeks of training, candidates receive a commission as USCG ensigns or lieutenants junior grade.

Applicants are screened and must meet a qualifying score on the SAT, ACT, or ASVAB exams and sit before a board of commissioned officers for selection interview.

The board convenes semiannually

Eligibility requirements:
U.S. citizen

Between 21 and 28 years of age unless they have served on active duty in the Armed Forces they may exceed the age by number of months served, or are currently serving as CWO and under the age of 40.

Meet requirements listed in the Medical Manual

Applicants for temporary regular commissions must be on active duty in the USCG
PRECOMMISSIONING PROGRAM:
Provides upward mobility for qualified enlisted members to become commissioned officers

Also allows select enlisted personnel to attend college on a full-time basis for up to two years with a goal of attending OCS.

Selectees have to complete degree within 24 months.
COAST GUARD ACADEMY:
Cadets are selected by competitive examination. Enlisted personnel are able to compete for direct appointments.

TDIRECT COMMISSION OFFICER PROGRAM:
Persons with special training or skills have an opportunity to become officers. You may apply to full-time graduate or post-graduate studies and the USCG will pay all tuition expenses.

The programs are:
Direct Commission Lawyer Program
Direct Commission Environmental Management Program
Maritime Academy Graduate Program
Direct Commission Engineer Program
Direct Commission Aviator Program
to qualify Academy:
U.S. citizen
Between 18 and 22yrs
Unmarried with no dependents
Have graduated high school with credits in the required fields
SELECTIVE RESERVE DIRECT COMMISSION PROGRAM:
Provides means for persons with no other military service to join the Coast Guard Reserve as an officer.
The supervisor’s role in the evaluation
process is critical. How well the supervisor communicates the member’s past performance and methods for improvement are primary in ensuring the member’s future success.
The supervisor can be
an officer, civilian, or enlisted person. If enlisted, at least one pay grade higher than the evaluee except for:
Command may designate an E-6 as the supervisor
A supervisor who is an E-6 designated as XPO does not have to be one pay grade higher.
Prior to an employee review the supervisor must:
Become familiar with instructions, competencies, and standards Clearly communicate goals and acceptable performance to the evaluee
Gather all written and oral reports on the evaluee’s performance
Ascertain the status of the evaluee’s PQS for the next pay grade
Establish a method for the evaluee to provide input on their performance
Route the completed employee review to the Marking Official no later
than 9 days prior to the period ending date
Counsel the evaluee on the employee review
after the Approving Official has completed their actions. Not less than 30 days after the period
Provide the evaluee with a:
printed counseling receipt and obtain their signature
Employee reviews with satisfactory marks
(1, 2,or 7)must be accompanied by an remarks entry.
Unsatisfactory conduct must be assigned for:
NJP
Convicted at Court Martial
Convicted in civil court
Financially irresponsible
Not supporting dependents
Involved in an alcohol incident Failure to comply with rules, regulations, and standards.
Adverse entries dealing with minor infractions should focus on patterns
of unacceptable behavior and not on one-time minor infractions
The Approving Official’s decision on advancement recommendation is :
final and cannot be appealed
All reviews submitted for an E-6 or above must include
supporting remarks, documenting leadership potential and the COs’ advancement recommendation

Supporting remarks are required if the rating official believes the individual is not capable of performing the duties and responsibilities of the next pay grade.
E-6 and below receive reviews:
semiannually, E-7 and above annually
The mid point for semi annual reviews is
92 days
For annual reviews it's
184 days and for reserve reviews it is 19 drill periods
Should not be submitted if:
A special review has been completed within 92 days for E-6 and below, 184 days for E-7 and above, or 19 drill periods for reservists

An evaluee has been assigned to a new duty station for fewer than 92 days for E-6 and below, 184 for E-7 and above, or 19 drill periods for reservists
No review should be completed if the evaluee is:
Being discharged, reenlisted or released from AD, or retired
Undergoing class “A”,”C”, advanced or recruit training except in disciplinary situations
In an unauthorized absence or desertion status
Granted leave awaiting appellate review of a court martial
In Home Awaiting Order Status awaiting final action of a physical review board
Being awarded NJP or civil conviction if due to alcohol incident
Being advanced to any pay grade up to and including E-6
Reasons for special review:
Advancement or change in rating to pay grade E-7
Detachment for PCS
Detachment for intra-command reassignments if AO changes
Detachment of AO who directly supervises employee
Evaluee completes TAD, ADSW-RC, ADSW- AC for any length of time

Also for:
NJP
Convicted by Court Martial
Special disciplinary review:
Awarded NJP or convicted by CM while serving on TAD
Awarded NJP or CM while serving PCS or as a class ”A” school student
Undergoing recruit training and is awarded NJP or CM
COUNSELING A SUBORDINATE
After the AO reviews the performance evaluation they forward the completed review to the supervisor to counsel and review the evaluation with the evaluee

Counseling must take place no later than 30 days following the employee review period ending date.

An Individual Development Plan can be used to help members reach career goals within the USCG.
Stress –
the collection of physical and emotional responses to any situation that disrupts a person’s equilibrium
TAKE CARE OF ONESELF:
Recognize and heed stress signals
Listen to your body
Get 7-8 hours sleep or the amount to needed to feel refreshed
Exercise with an elevated heart rate for 30 minutes at least 3 times a week
Refrain from smoking or inhaling smoke
Drink moderately
Maintain healthy weight
Have support systems i.e. family, friends
Eat breakfast
Avoid high fat and high sugar foods
TRAIN TO RELAX:
Practice deep breathing exercises
Practice muscle relaxation exercises
Pray, chant, or sing
Meditate
Practice yoga
Cultivate artistic talent
Listen to relaxing music
Take classes on relaxation techniques
MINIMIZE STRESS
Change commuting patterns
Listen to music or elaxation tapes in car Avoid exposure to environmental stressors(traffic noise, cigarettes,etc.)
Check chairs, desk and workstation for correct fit
Regulate extremes in temperature, lighting and noise
Learn to deal with aggressive personalities in no stress ways
Reduce unnecessary interruptions
Anticipate and prepare for change
Take regular breaks
Laugh more / Take vacations
CHANGE WAYS TO THINKAND COMMUNICATE:
Replace negative thoughts of oneself with positive ones
Focus on positive goals and achievements
Ensure realistic personal expectations
Praise rather than criticize oneself
Clearly communicate, wants, needs, and dislikes
Practice listening to others without analyzing what they’re saying
Act assertively
Control anger and conflict
Find ways to redirect the energy in conflicts
Spend time with friends or loved ones
The Coast Guard Institute falls under
the Human Resources Directorate umbrella and is responsible for administering and promoting voluntary education programs.
COLLEGE TUITION ASSISTANCE
The program provides funding for off-duty voluntary education
Eligibility and benefits are standardized for CG active duty, civilian employees, select drilling reservists, and Public Health service officers

If a course is less than 18 weeks tuition is paid up front
18 weeks or more tuition is reimbursed upon completion
COAST GUARD FOUNDATION GRANTS:
The CG Foundation Enlisted Education Grant program is for active duty personnel E-3 to E-9 with 2 or more years of service.

Provides grants up to $350 per year for:
Tuition costs not covered by tuition assistance
Assessment fees
Application fees
Other administrative fees
Book costs
This may be used in conjunction with TA
COLLEGE AUDIO/VIDEO COURSES:
College Level Examination Program (CLEPS) exams and Defense Activity for Non-Traditional Education Support (DANTES)

By working through videotapes and accompanying books you can prepare yourself to take:
DANTES Standardized Subject Test
CLEP exam
Excelsior exam
DANTES PROGRAM:
High school equivalency credentials
College admissions exams
Military education programs
College credit for successfully passing exams
Independent study
CLEP EXAMS:
2/3 of colleges and universities give credit for successful completion
EXCELSIOR EXAMS:
Offer 40 undergraduate-level examinations and provide a convenient and affordable alternative

The exams are computer delivered at Prometric Testing Centers
COAST GUARD PROPERTY POLICIES
Coast Guard property is intended FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
EXCESS PROPERTY:
Any item determined by the custodian to be of no current use by the custodial area
To determine usefulness ask these questions:
Is it dusty?
Was the item acquired for a specific project and now no longer in use?
When was the last time the item was used…..in the past 90 days?
SURVEYS:
An administrative action to perform an investigation to look at circumstances pertaining to the loss, destruction, or damage of Coast Guard property

Reports of Surveys are required when an item on the Property Report becomes lost, damaged, or destroyed

For property with a value of less than $500 a Report of Survey is not required, but unit CO has discretion

CG-5269 is the Report of Survey

Damaged property does not include normal wear and tear or property that has reached its end of service life.
Ensure your training record is accurate because:
Selection panels review your record for qualifications, completeness, and accuracy
Block 14 of your DD-214 Certificate of Release From Active Duty lists all your military education

Military education listed will include formal service schools and in service training courses like:
“A” school
“C” school
Leadership schools
It is your responsibility to ensure all of your training is properly recorded
All training records can be found in Direct Access
Contact your Servicing Personnel Office for any discrepancies found
TRAINING AND CLASS C SCHOOLS:
The Coast Guard employs two types of training:
Resident
Non-resident
Non-resident are correspondence courses like BM1, AST2, etc. They are:
Self paced
Completed when time is available
May or may not have a completion date

Resident schools take place in a classroom with specific beginning and end dates
A short-term training request is used to place you in the class
Funding is also requested for:
Travel to School
Temporary lodging
Meals while assigned
The procurement request/process rapidly (PR) is the
funding document that provides the Contracting Officer (KO) with the authority to begin the acquisition process
In order for the requisition to be valid, it must:
Be numbered properly
Contain appropriation and accounting data
Have a valid signature
In addition you must provide:
Government estimate
Statement of work
Specifications and drawings
The single most important signature on the PR is the
certifications of funds availability
Sources of supply are suggested,
the KO is responsible for source selection
If sole source is the only way
then a Justification Of Other Than Full and Open Competition is required
PRs for HAZMAT must be reviewed by the
unit PPC
The JOTFOC is
written determination to restrict competition
Things to consider when completing a PR:
Does it contain recycled materials?
Is it a micro purchase? Less than $2500(3000) only needs a single source of supplyIs it a construction request? Limited to $2000
SWE PDE
Provide information to SWE candidates
Adjudicate waiver requests
Distribute the exam’s score and results
Publish the advancement eligibility list
Your PDE includes:
CO’s recommendation
Awards received
Enlisted evaluations
Sea duty
Creditable sea time
Time in service/rate
EOCT results
Relevant qual codes
Eligibility status
Most common problems are inaccurate sea duty points, missing data, or missing award points.
WORKING ON OR AROUND MACHINERY:
All machinery with moving parts that can injure the operator must have installed safeguards
Most common hazards are flywheels, shafts, clutches, and winches
USING HAND AND POWER TOOLS
Tools are produced with safety in mind but are not hazard-free
Injury is more common because so many people are familiar with these tools
Six basic safety rules for hand and power tools:
Keep all tools in good condition
Use the right tool for the job
Examine each tool for damage before use
Operate according to the operator’s instructions
Provide and use the proper PPE
Tag defective tools “Do Not Use” and immediately remove them from service
HAND TOOLS:
Non-powered: axes, hammers, screwdrivers etc.
POWER TOOLS:
Electrical tools:
Cords, plugs, hoses, casings Grounding and insulation Storage
Lighting
Always inspect cords, plugs, etc. before use
Never carry by the cord
Never yank cords or hoses to disconnect plug
Keep away from heat, oil and sharp edges
Always disconnect tools when not in use
Electrical tools:
Cords, plugs, hoses, casings
Grounding and insulation
Storage
Lighting
Always inspect cords, plugs, etc. before use
Never carry by the cord
Never yank cords or hoses to disconnect plug
Keep away from heat, oil and sharp edges
Always disconnect tools when not in use
To protect from shock tools must have a
3-wire cord with grounding and be used with grounded receptacles
Store tools
in a dry place
All are classified as confined spaces which have 3 characteristics:
Large enough for a body to enter and perform work Limited or restricted means of entry or exit Not designed for continuous human occupancy
Non-permit confined space –
does not contain hazards or potential hazards
Permit required confined space – Known or potentially hazardous atmosphere, Material capable of engulfing entrants, entrant can be trapped or asphyxiated, any other safety hazard
A Gas Free Engineer must open a confined space
and the space must be ventilated for 24 hours.
PERFORMING WATCH DUTIES IN MACHINERY SPACES:
Loud noises – single hearing protection is required for up to 85db of noise/ double hearing protection for 105db of noise

Moving parts – all moving parts should have guards in place

High heat – each unit is required to have a heat stress-monitoring program
WORKING ON OR AROUND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT:
Never work on electrical equipment alone
Stay a prescribed distance from energized lines
Do not use equipment when wet
Ensure equipment is grounded
Implement a lockout tagout system to secure electrical equipment
Properly secure locking type connectors after connection
Handle the insulated portion of plug and receptacle connections
WORKING ALOFT:
A man aloft chit must be sent before sending a person specifying the safety procedures that must be in place.
WORKING OVER THE SIDE:
Your unit’s SOP should outline the proper safety requirements:
Get permission from the OOD
Wear a PFD when working over the side as mandated by the Coast Guard Rescue and Survival Systems
Delegate someone as safety observer
Rig a manrope or Jacob’s ladder at one end of the stage
Rig a safety runner to both ends of the stage when working over a dry-dock bed
Check the position of the staging to ensure it’s clear of scuppers or overboard discharges
Only use pneumatic tools; do NOT use electric tools
BIOHAZARDOUS MATERIAL:
May consist of bodily fluids, bandages, needles, scalpels, ampoules, and equipment used to aid respiration

Each unit is required to have a written plan for the decontamination of resources and protection of personnel from biohazardous material.

Universal precautions shall be used by all members whenever the potential for exposure to bloodborne pathogens exists.

Universal precautions is an infection control approach developed by the CDC

ALL bodily fluids are considered potentially infectious
WORKPLACE SAFETY INSPECTION:
Safety inspections of a workspace should be performed on a routine basis
ELECTRICAL CORDS:
Cords entering equipment should:
Be completely free of damage and deterioration
Always have an appropriate strain relief device where they enter the enclosure
Extension cords do NOT:
Use damaged extension cords
Use multiple extension cords
Use extension cords where permanent wiring should be installed
Attach extension cords to building surface
Pass extension cords through building walls, ceilings or floors, windows and doorways
Conceal extension cords behind buildings walls, ceilings, floors and furniture
Cause a tripping hazard by having extension cords in walkways
PPE
Covers the:
Eyes, Face, Head and extremities, Protective clothing, Respiratory devices, Protective shields and barriers
The Coast Guard is required to provide this equipment to its personnel and ensure that it is used and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition.
Safety Devices:
If a piece of equipment was originally purchased with a guard or safety device of some kind, ensure that it is still in place and functioning properly/ examples:

Two block alarms, over speed trips, kickback guards on table saws, and radial arms
Tagged or Locked Out Equipment:
When inspecting tagout and lockout logs that the following is in order:
Tagged out or locked out equipment is properly documented in the tag out/lockout log
Tags and or locks are properly affixed to the appropriate equipment
Tags and locks are only removed by the person(s) who attached them
Safety and Environment Health Checklists
Checklists are divided into two categories:
Shore and Vessel
EFFECTIVE VERBAL COMMUNICATION:
EFFECTIVE VERBAL COMMUNICATION:
Good verbal communicator has the following traits:

Good posture
Good voice control
Uses proper enunciation
Makes good eye contact
Presents information so ideas are clear
Natural in delivery style
GOOD POSTURE:
When communicating verbally:
Stand or sit straight – but in a natural position
Avoid leaning on tables or podiums
Make Sure Ideas are Clear:
The speaker should consider:

The experience level of the audience for the topic
How the audience will interpret the words
Avoid use of:
Technical jargon
Acronyms
Professional language
Acronyms should be spelled out the first time they are used
PERSONNEL INSTRUCTION:

The most important component of instructing personnel
is ATTITUDE
Be positive at all times, Be enthusiastic, Be sincere
Directives:
A written communication that initiates or governs actions, conduct, or procedure
The five main types of directives are :
Instructions(INST), Manuals(M). Message-Type Notices
Notices (NOTES)
Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
Instructions(INST)




Message-Type Notices
Contain information that has continuing reference value or that requires continuing actionRemain in effect until replaced or canceled by the originator or higher authority
Review and validate by originators every four years
Manuals(M)
Permanent instruction
Contains 25 or more pages
Have a table of contents and are organized into chapters and sections
Are reviewed annually by originators and cancelled when no longer applicable
Notices (NOTE)
Notices (NOTES) transmitted via CGMS
Urgent in nature
Provide information required by law or regulation


Contain information of a one-time or brief nature
Same force as Instruction
Automatically cancelled after 12 months if earlier cancellation date not specified
Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
Set of instructions for operations that lend themselves to definite or standardized procedure
For internal procedures at a unit
Have no defined format
ORIGNATORS OF DIRECTIVES:
The Commandant
Area, District, and Group Commanders
Commanders of Maintenance & Logistics Commands
Commanding Officer and Officers in Charge
IDENTIFYING DIRECTIVES:
COMDT – The Originator
INST – Type of directive
M1000 – The “M” means manual, the number is SSIC code
6A – The”6” is sixth directive, the “A” is rewritten or revised
DIRECTORY OF ALL DIRECTIVES:
Directives and Publication Reports Index lists all directives by:
Numerically (Chapter 2)
Alphabetically (Chapter3)
FED LOG:
A searchable logistics information system that contains information from the Federal Logistics Information System

Allows users to locate management, part, number, supplier, freight and characteristics data for a National Stock Number or an NSN for a description
MESSAGE TRAFFIC:
Flash (Z) – 10 minutes
Immediate (O) – 30 minutes
Priority (P) – 3 hours
Routine (R) – 6 hours
Date Time Group has
12 characters
ZOJn –
corrected
ZDK –
retransmitted
ZYB –
administrative type
Formatting requirements:
Cannot contain tabs
Cannot be allowed to auto wrap at the end of the line
Must be limited to 69 characters per line
Can only contain approved characters:
‘ -
: .
,
(
?

/
The @ sign may be used on CG messages but must be spelled out on messages going outside the organization
Two types of CGMS messages are:
Unclassified
Classified
UNCLASS include:
ALCOAST – messages applicable to the Coast Guard
ALCGOFF – for officers
ALCGENL – for enlisted
ALCGCIV – for CG civilians
Three categories for a classified message:
Top Secret: requires the highest degree of protection
Secret: requires a substantial degree of protection
Confidential: requires protection
E-6/ 3 CATEGORIES:
Self: An understanding of one’s own abilities, personality, values, preference, and potential

Working with others: A leader cannot act alone

Performance: It takes a high level of job performance to meet Coast Guard challenges
COMPETENCIES:
Self – Accountability and responsibility
Aligning values
Followership
Health and Well-being
Personal Conduct
Self Awareness and Learning
Technical Proficiency
Working with Others –
Influencing others
Respect for Others and Diversity Management
Looking Out for Others
Effective Communication
Group Dynamics
Leadership Theory
Mentoring
Performance –
Vision Development and Implementation
Customer Focus
Decision-making and Problem-solving
Conflict Management
Performance Appraisal
Management and Process Improvement
Workforce Management Systems
As a supervisor your limitations for enforcing standards of conduct fall into three categories:
Extra military instruction
Withholding of privileges
Search and seizure
EXTRA MILITARY INSTRUCTION:
EMI may be assigned only if it is genuinely intended to accomplish specific task improvement
EMI is:
Additional instruction in a phase of military duty where an individual is deficient
Intended for, and directed toward, the correction of that deficiency
A legitimate training technique to improve an individual’s duty performance and efficiency
EMI is not be used as a substitute for
court martial and NJP
It must be logically related to the deficiency in performance for which it was assigned
You must ensure:
EMI lasts only for two hours per day
EMI is only for the period of time it takes to correct the deficiency
EMI is assigned on a day that is not the enlisted member’s Sabbath
You have the CO’s permission if you assign EMI for completion after the normal working hours
EMI does not deprive the member of normal liberty
You CANNOT deprive
a person of normal liberty as a form of punishment
You may withhold:
Special liberty
Scheduling of leave for a particular period
Exchange of duty
Participation in special command programs
Access to base or ship liberties (movies, clubs, etc.)
Base parking
Commissary and exchange privileges
SEARCH AND SEIZURE:
May be conducted:
When probable cause exists
When Probable cause is not required
Rules for Court-Martial 315 –
Petty Officers must be performing the following duties to conduct a probable-cause search:
MP
Guard
Shore patrol
Investigative duties
Rules for Court Martial 314 –
Enlisted members must be in the performance of military law enforcement duties to conduct searches and seizures of properties
CG-3307 adds
narrative explanations to other evaluation forms
Types of administrative remarks are:
Accession
Assignment and Transfer
Advancement and Reduction
Performance and Discipline
Separation
Selective reenlistment bonus
Selective reserve enlistment bonus programs
CG-3307 contains:
The reference for the CG-3307
The responsibility level for completion of the form
The entry itself
Member’s acknowledge entry
GENERAL – POSITIVE:
Appends a statement or commendation of an enlisted person

GENERAL – NEGATIVE:
Documents poor performance in conjunction with an employee review

CG-3307 DISTRIBUTION
Original is filed in the PERSRU PDR
A copy is mailed to Commander(CGPC-adm-3)
GENERAL – NEGATIVE:
Documents poor performance in conjunction with an employee review
GENERAL – POSITIVE:
Appends a statement or commendation of an enlisted person
CG-3307 DISTRIBUTION
Original is filed in the PERSRU PDR
A copy is mailed to Commander(CGPC-adm-3)

Member counseling receipts replace CG-3307 when completing evaluations in Direct Access

The original CG-3307 at the time of separation must be attached to the Discharge Reenlistment Contract or DD-214
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCEMENT:
Complete required rating performance qualifications
Complete required EPME performance qualifications
Complete all rating correspondence courses
Meet Time In Service
TIS:
2 years in pay grade from E-6 to E-9
E-8 requires 10 years minimum active service
E-9 requires 12 years
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS:
Sea Duty
Vision/Hearing
E-7 Advancements: After 01 Jan 1999 must complete CPO Academy
Boatswain’s Mate: BMCS and BMCM must be certified to command ashore and afloat
CIRCUMSTANCES THAT PREVENT ADVANCEMENT:
Unsatisfactory mark in conduct
Confinement
Approved retirement requests
Exceeding maximum approved weight limitations
Selection for advancement to CWO
No recommendation from the CO
Minimum evaluation score
FROCKING:
Section 632, Title14 USC gives authority for “frocking” when the higher rate is:
Necessary to clearly establish the individual’s position when reporting to another agency for duty
Necessary to ensure that the individuals will be assigned government quarters commensurate their rate
A significant factor in establishing the individual’s stature to carry out their duties successfully
When “frocked” A CG member
assumes the new rank but does not receive the next higher pay grade
____________________has the sole authority to frock personnel
Commandant CGPC-epm-2
DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY:
Drug and alcohol abuse will not be tolerated as it undermines morale, mission performance, safety, and health
Policies three goals:
Reduce the incidence of substance and alcohol abuse by CG members
Detect and separate those members who abuse, traffic, or unlawfully possess drugs
Facilitate the rehabilitation of active duty for further useful service in the Coast Guard
Addiction Prevention Specialist:
MLC personnel assigned to detached duty at major headquarters commands
Their duties include:
Assisting CDARs in developing and conducting training
Provide recruits with abuse policies surveys, and tests
Command Drug and Alcohol Representative:
Provide assistance to the command regarding drug and alcohol abuse policies

Establish unit prevention plans
Hold annual training
Prepare local instructions
Coordinate precare/aftercare with CO
Provide initial meeting with members having possible abuse problems
Obtain treatment and education for personnel
Keep COs informed of date of return, prognosis, etc.
Provide support for personnel returning to duty
Advise MLC of members in the program being transferred
Coordinate the transfer of case files with the SAPR
ALCOHOL SITUATIONS:
An occurrence where alcohol is involved or present but is not the causative factor for a member’s undesirable behavior

Counseling must be documented on a CG-3307
ALCOHOL INCIDENTS:
Any behavior that:
Results in loss of ability to perform assigned duties
Brings discredit upon the Uniformed Services
Is a violation of the UCMJ, federal, state, or local laws where alcohol is the causative factor
1,2,3 Incident
1st Incident: member screened and appropriate action taken
2nd Incident: member screened and discharge procedures commenced
3rd Incident: member processed for separation
Within ____ days of recruits reporting for training_____________
7 days of recruits reporting for training CDARs will address the CG Drug and Alcohol Policy
Petty officers, officers, officer candidates, cadets, and civilian supervisors received additional annual training in:
Identification of signs of drug and alcohol abuse
Documentation techniques
Referral procedures
CG alcohol abuse prevention and rehabilitation levels:
Awareness/Education
Outpatient/Intensive Outpatient
Residential Rehabilitation Programs
Antabuse
is a drug that interferes when the body metabolizes alcohol
WORKPLACE POLICY:
Sustain a professional work environment that fosters mutual respect among all personnel, and bases decisions on sound leadership principles
SEXUAL HARASSMENT POLICY:
Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination that involves unwelcomed sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct

It violates the CG core values of honor, respect, and devotion to duty
INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS POLICY:
Interpersonal relationships that raise the perception of unfairness undermine good leadership and military discipline.
Acceptable Relationships:
Do not jeopardize impartiality
Undermine the respect inherent in rank or position
Result in members using relationship for personal gain
Violate a punitive article of the UCMJ
Unacceptable Relationships:
Supervisor/subordinate relationship Assigned to the same shore unit less than 60 members
Assigned to the same cutter
Chief petty officer/junior enlisted
Disrupts effective conduct of daily business
Prohibited Relationships:
Sexually intimate behavior onboard a CG vessel or workplace
Romantic relationships outside of marriage between officers and enlisted
Personal and romantic relationship between instructor and students
Hazing:
Any conduct in which a military member causes another member to suffer or be exposed to any cruel, abusive, humiliating, oppressive, demeaning, or harmful activity, regardless of rank.
Equal Opportunity Policy:
OIC and CO:
Promote equal opportunity and equal treatment
Designate a Collateral Duty Civil Rights Officer
Establish a Human Relations Council at units of 25 or more
Ensure that their personnel receive Sexual Harassment training annually
Ensure personnel receive Human Relationship training triennially
Take action to eliminate discrimination within their unit
Ensure public affairs programs reflect CG commitment
Take action against discrimination
Collateral Duty Civil Rights Officer:
Commissioned officer serving as department head or higher or member serving as a department head or higher when no officers are available
Equal Opportunity Specialist:
Military or civilian member assigned as a full-time equal opportunity counselor to a district or other major command:
Investigates formal complaints
Providing assistance to personnel filing complaints
Conducting Human Relations Awareness Training
Human Relations Council:
An active vehicle through which the CO is kept informed of civil rights matters within his or her unit
Human Relations Awareness Training:
Provides members with:Human relations awareness
Military and civilian rights and responsibilities
Sexual Harassment prevention
Individual responsibility
Behavioral norms
The complaint process
Basic precepts of conflict resolution and methods
Other topics pertinent to civil rights
Reserve Component Category:
Ready Reserve
Standdby Reserve
Retired Reserve
Ready Reserve:
Reservists liable for immediate recall to active duty
All ready reservists are considered to be in active status
Selected Reserve (SELRES):
essential to initial contingency requirements, required to train for mobilization

Authorized 48 paid Inactive Duty for Training (IDT) drills and 12 paid Active Duty Training (ADT) drills per year
Individual Ready Reserve (IRR):
individuals who have trained and have previously served in the active forces or SELRES
Consists of:
Individuals who must fulfill their Military Service Obligation
Individuals who have fulfilled MSO and choose to remain in the IRR
They may participate in training for points only without pay and perform Active Duty Special Work or Readiness Management Periods for pay
Standby Reserve:
Reservists who are not in the Ready Reserve or the Retired Reserve but are liable for involuntary recall

Limited to those who have mobilization potential
Active Status List
Inactive Status List
Active Status List:
May be ordered to active duty in time of war or national emergency when there are not enough Ready reserve available

Members transferred from Ready Reserve
Key employees in public or private employment transferred from the Ready reserve
Theology students transferred to the Standby Reserve
Commissioned officers in active Reserve status
Members retained on the ASL
Inactive Status List:
May be ordered to active duty when not enough on the ASL are available
May not train for points are not eligible for promotion, and do not accrue credit for qualifying years of service

Volunteers not required to remain in an active status
Members eligible for ASL placement
Members with 20 years service or more with less than 30% disability
Retired Reserve:
Requested transfer to retired status
Been retired for physical disability

Former members who have completed satisfactory service creditable for non-regular retirement, but who elected to be discharged from the reserve component are not part of the retired reserve

May be recalled to active duty at their own consent as Retired Reserve not ready Reserve
RET-1:
Members who have completed qualifying years and are receiving retired pay at or after age 60
RET-2:
Members who have completed qualifying years and are not yet 60 or are age 60 and have not applied for non-regular retirement pay
Disability Retiree:
Members retired for physical disability that have completed 20 years of service or are 30% or more disabled
The DPRI COMDTNOTE 5600
, is a listing of all publications in use by the Coast Guard. They are listed both numerically and alphabetically.
Chapter 2:
Pubs listed numerically
Chapter 3:
Pubs listed alphabetically
The DPRI consists of __chapters
7
If unable to locate publication while searching DPRI website,
locate the sponsor in chapter 2 or 3 to determine applicability to your unit
SDL is your ______
work center number in Chapter 1, section C of DPRI.
Your SDL will match the SDL for approved directives for your unit
If the SDL does not match you must order the Directive and request an allowance change:
To order a directive you must first
verify its use for your unit then submit a form CG 4428 Request for Directives.
To request an allowance change,
fill out form CG 5323
The seven steps to ORM are:
Define mission tasks
Identify hazards
Assess risk
Identify options
Evaluate risk vs. gain
Execute decision
Monitor situation
Define mission/tasks:
Review current and planned operations describing the mission at hand
Construct a chart of major Break down the operation into smaller pieces
Identify the Hazards:
Equipment
Environment
Personnel
Assess Risk:
Utilize the GAR or SPE model to assess risk
The GAR model (Green, Amber, Red) covers
Planning
Supervision
Team selection
Team fitness
Environment
Task complexity
Identify Options:
Using the highest risk identify alternatives to proceed with mission
Evaluate Risk vs. Gain:
Determine if the benefits of the mission out weigh the risk associated with the mission

Ensure the Chain of Command is included on all high risk decisions
Execute the Decision:
Take action
Monitor the Situation:
Are the controls and risks balanced?
Are changes to the operation, equipment, environment effective in lowering risk?
A mishap is
an unplanned event or series of events that may result in death, injury, or occupational illness
Mishap reports serve two main purposes:
Initiate corrective action that will prevent future similar mishaps
Improve Coast Guard operational readiness and efficiency by reducing unplanned losses due to mishaps
A reportable mishap must
involve death, injury, or occupational illness or damage to CG property:Damage to CG facilities
Damage to other tan CG facilities as a result of CG operations


Member injured or killed on or off duty
Reservist injured or killed when on active duty status
Civilian employee killed or injured while performing CG related work
Auxiliarist injured or killed while under orders
Visitors to CG facilities harmed as a result of CG operations
Civilian contractor working on CG property
Member who develops an illness from an immediate or long term occupational exposure
Non- reportable events:
Civilian contractor a t other than CG facilities working on a piece of CG equipment
Suicide, homicide, or other malicious acts
Mishap severity:
Class A – Most serious or costly and warrant a formal Mishap Analysis Board
Class B - Sufficiently serious to also warrant formal Mishap Analysis Board
Class C and D – Less serious and do Not warrant a formal board
Class A:
Property damage of $1,000,000 or more
Missing or abandoned cutter, with recovery impossible
Injury or occupational illness resulting in a fatality or permanent total disability
Class B:
Property damage of $200,000 or more, but less than $1,000,000
Injury or illness resulting in permanent partial disability
Five or more personnel are “in-patient” hospitalized
Class C:
Property damage greater than $10,000 but less than $200,000
Nonfatal injury or illness resulting in any loss of time from
Class D:
Property damage less than $10,000
Nonfatal injury or illness that does not meet Class C criteria
Person overboard, accidental firearm discharge, or electric shock

Mishap investigations are conducted to determine why a mishap occurred in order to prevent similar mishaps in the future
Class A-B Mishap boards
appointed by Commandant
Class C-D Mishap boards
conducted at unit level
Category I material:
Privileged
Evidence used solely for mishap prevention
Statements made to the mishap board
Conclusions, recommendations, or opinions made by the board
The entire mishap report once signed by the board members
Photographs captioned with conclusions or opinions
Category II material:
Nonprivileged
Pieces of wreckage
Flight plans, weather reports, log books, maintenance records
Photographs not captioned
MESSAGE FORMAT:
Line 1-4: contains routing information computer generated and transparent to drafters
Line 5:
Precedence – Always appears first, indicates when the message should be distributed
Flash (Z) – As fast as possible with a goal of 10 minutes
Immediate (O) – 30 minutes
Priority (P) – 3 hours
Routine (R) – 6 hours
Date Time Group (DTG) – unique fingerprint on each message containing 12 characters for day, time, moth, and year
Message Instruction –
Any special circumstances related to the transmissions of the message
Corrected – ZOJn
Retransmitted – ZDK
Administrative type – ZYB
Line 6:
Indicate from where the message is being sent
Always begins with the code FM
Line 7:
The TO line for action addressee(s), not mandatory as long as there is one INFO addressee
Line 8:
The INFO line indicates information addressee, not mandatory if there is a TO addressee
Line 9:
The XMT line indicates exempt addressee called in a Collective Address Designator (CAD) or Address Indicating Group (AIG)
CAD is a single address group that represents a predetermined list of five or more activities linked by an operational or administrative chain of command
AIG are predetermined lists of action/information addressees controlled by a cognizant authority
Line 11:
The originator includes a BT code to indicate that the body of the text will begin on the following line. The same code is included in line 13
Line 12:
Originator composes the body text for the message
ClassificationSpecial Handling
Special Delivery
SSIC
Exercise Name if applicable
Subject Line
References
Paragraphs