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17 Cards in this Set

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Cell Wall
semi-rigid structure made of cellulose
Cellular respiration
Process of converting chemical energy of food
Chlorophylls
Traps the energy of sunlight
Diffusion
Movement of a substance from an area of high concentration of the substance to an area of lower concentration
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Cell organelle that transports substances within the cell
Endosomes
Found in animal cells; Passes on the newly ingested material to lysomes for digestion
Eukaryotic cells
Has a membrane-bound nucleus
Golgi complex
Packages material for export from the cell
Hydrophilic
Substance that dissolves easily in water
Osmosis
The movement of water across a partially permeable membrane without an input of energy
Partially permeable
A boundary that allows only some materials o pass through it
Phytoplanktin
Tiny photosynthetic organisms that float on or near the surface of a body of water
Prokaryotic cells
Cells that do not have their genetic material contained within a discrete nucleus and which lack organelles such as mitochondria
Ribosomes
Organelles containing RNA that is a major site protein production in cells
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Type o nucleic acid consisting of a single chain of nucleotide sub-units which contains the sugar
Rough endoplasmic reticulum (Rough ER)
Endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes attached
Vacuoles
Structures within plant cells that are filled with fluid containing materials in solution