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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
delta wave on EKG is characteristc of what?
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
in this syndrome, there is an accessory conduction pathway from atria to ventricle (bundle of Kent), bypassing the AV node
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
this syndrome may result in reentry current leading to supraventricular tachycardia
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
what is the hallmark of a transmural MI?
pathologic Q wave
increased capillary pressure is seen in what?
heart failure
decreased plasma colloid osmotic pressure is seen in what?
nephrotic syndrome, lver failure
increased capillary permeability is seen in what?
toxins, infections, burns
increased interstitial fluid colloid osmotic pressure is seen in what?
lymphatic blockage
three causes of early cyanosis
tetralogy of fallot
transposition of great vessels
truncus arteriosus
three causes of late cyanosis
what is the most common congenital cardiac abnormality?
what causes Tetralogy of Fallot?
anterosuperior displacement of the infundibular septum
aortic stenosis proximal to insertion of ductus arteriosus?
preductal - infantile type
aortic stenosis distal to ductus arteriosus?
postductal - adult type
notching of ribs, hypertension in upper extremities, weak pulses in lower extremities?
coarctation of aorta
22q11 syndromes are asscociated with what cardiac defects?
truncus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot
what cardiac defects is Down syndrome associated with?
what cardiac defects is congenital rubella associated with?
septal defects, PDA
what cardiac defects are associated with offspring of diabetic mothers?
transposition of great vessels
Marfan's is associated with what congenital cardiac defect?
aortic insufficiency
lipid deposit in cornea
corneal arcus
what characterizes Monckeberg arteriosclerosis?
calcification of arteries, especially radial or unlar; usually benign (involves media - ring-like calcifications; 'pipestem')
arteriosclerosis in essential hypertension?
hyaline thickening of small arteries
arteriosclerosis in malignant hypertension?
hyperplastic 'onion skinning'
fibrous plaques and atheromas form in what part of arteries in atherosclerosis?
risk factors for atherosclerosis?
smoking, hypertension, DM, hperlipidemia, family Hx
progression of atherosclerosis?
fatty streaks - proliferative plaque - complex atheromas
complications of atherosclerosis?
aneurysms, ischemia, infarcts, peripheral vascular resistance, thrombus, emboli
location of atherosclerosis?
abdominal aorta > coronary artery > popliteal artery > carotid artery
angina occurs with coronary artery disease narrowing greater than whta?
retrosternal chest pain with exertion - what type of angina?
angina that occurs at rest secondary to coronary artery spasm?
Prinzmetal's variant
thrombosis but no necrosis/worsening chest pain - what type of angina?
where do red infarcts occur?
in loose tissues with collaterals, such as lungs, intestine, or following reperfusion
where do pale infarcts occur?
solid tissues with single blood supply - brain, heart, kidney, spleen
child with harsh systolic murmur, no diastolic murmur, and increased oxygen saturation in the RV?
cut CN IX and X bilaterally - what is hemodynamic result?
tachycardia with hypertension
EKG with random electrical activity without recognizable QRS complexes
ventricular fibrillation
what can atenolol cause in high doses?
bradycardia and varying degrees of AV block
what causes increased pulse pressure?
stiffening of arteries/ decreased arterial compliance
what maintains a PDA?
PGE analog - alprostadil
what artery is usually compressed in thoracic outlet syndrome?
what is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in adults?
ischemic heart disease
sudden death in heart transplant patient?
graft vascular disease
cardiac defect associated with Fragile X?
MV prolapse and aortic root dilation
cardiac finding in SIDS?
right ventricular hypertrophy
endocarditis in patient with colon CA?
strep bovis
how does cocaine cause hypertension?
blocks NE reuptake
what substance responsible for calcified valves?
calcium phosphate
high risk for digitoxin therapy with what metabolic problem?
decreased arterial pressure, increased systemic venous pressure, and small, quiet heart
cardiac tamponade
rupture of ventricular wall leading to hemopericardium and cardiac tamponade, rupture of IV septum, rupture of papillary muscle can occur when post-MI?
5-10 days