Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sound of mitral and tricuspid valve closure
sound of aortic and pulmonary valve closure
sound at end of rapid ventricular filling
sound from high atrial pressure/stiff ventricle
what is S3 associated with?
dilated CHF, mitral/tricuspid regurgitation
what is S4 (atrial kick) associated with?
hypertrophic ventricle
what is paradoxical splitting associated with?
aortic stenosis, LBBB
what is fixed splitting associated with?
holosystolic high pitched 'blowing murmur' loudest at apex
mitral regurgitation
(tricuspid regurgitation)
cresecendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur following ejection click
aortic stenosis
(pulmonic stenosis)
pulsus parvus et tardus
pulses weak compared to heart sounds; seen in aortic stenosis
holosystolic murmur
late systolic murmur with midsystolic click
mitral prolapse
immediate high-pitched blowing diastolic murmur; wide pulse pressure
aortic regurgitation
delayed rubbing late diastolic murmur that follows opening snap
mitral stenosis
how does the murmur in tricuspid stenosis differ from that of mitral stenosis?
tricuspid stenosis differs because it gets louder with inspiration
continuous machine-like murmur
when is the murmur associated with a PDA loudest?
what does the P wave on EKG represent?
atrial depolarization
what does the PR segment on EKG represent? how long is it normally?
conduction delay through AV node - normally <200 msec
what does the QRS complex represent? how long is it normally?
ventricular depolarization (<120 msec)
what does the QT interval represent?
mechanical contraction of the ventricles
what does the T wave represent?
ventricular repolarization
why don't you see atrial repolarization on EKG?
it is masked by the QRS complex
what causes a U wave?