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75 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
adjuvent
a substance added to a prescription to assist in the main ingredient
antimetabolite
drugs used to treat cancer
antineroplastic
pertaing to a substance, procedure, or measure that prevents against rapidly growing tumors
deoxyribonucleic acid
carrier of genetic information
differentation
unspecialized cells or tissues are systemically modified and altered to achieve specific charachteristics
fractionation
radiation in small doses
infiltrative
the ability to invade adjacent tissue
ionizing radiation
high energy x-rays that kill cells
linear accelerator
accelerating charged particles
lumpectomy
surgical removal of only the tumor and immediate breast tissue
malignant
become worse and cause death
mitosis
tumor cells spread to distant parts
modality
a method of application
oncogene
a gene in a virus that causes a cell to become malignant
oncogenesis
formation of tumor
pappillary
nipplelike projections
papilloma
a bening tumor charachterized by branching
pedunculated
structure with stalk
protocol
a written plan
radiocurable tumor
tumor cells destructed by ionizing raditaion
radioresistant tumor
resists the effects of radiation
radioresponsive tumor
reacts favorably to radiation
radiosensitive tumor
capable of being changed
radiotherapy
treatment of disease by using x-rays or gamma rays
ribonucleic adid
a nucleic acid found in the nucleus and cytoplasm
scirrhous
carcinoma w/ a hard structur
sessile
attatched by base
staging
determination of phases or periods in a disease
tumor
new growth, characterixed by progressive uncontrolled growth of cells
verrocous
rough, warty
life time risk for cancer
men-1 in 2 lifetime
women- 1 in 3 lifetime
relative risk
measures the strength of the relationship between risk factors and praticuler types of cancer
C.A.U.T.I.O.N
C-change in bowel
A-a sore throat
U-unusual bleeding
T-thickening in breast(lump)
I-indigestion
O-obvious change in wart
N-Nagging cough
top 5 cancer cases by site in men and women
men-prostate, lung, volon, urinary, Melanome
women-breast, lung, colon, uterine, non hogekins lymphoma
Top 5 cander deaths in men and women
men-lung,prostate, colon, pancreas, non hodgekins lymphome
women-lung, breast, colon, pancreas, ovary
Basal cell carcinome
most common tumor of skin, slightly elevated ulceration in the center, treatment surgical excision, currettage, cryosurgery
Brest Cancer
A malignant tumor of the breast, surgery, radiation, chemotherapy
Brinchogenic Carcinome
tumor orriginates in teh bronchi, usually caused by smoking, survival rate is low
Cervial carcinoma
tumor of cervix,common in females, treatment includes surgery adn margination
Factors that increase the risk of cervical cancer
SEX B4 20
many partners
std
smoking
genital warts
colorectal cancer
tumor in large intestine, risk factors include no inactivity, high fat low fiber, diagnostoic proc. rectal exam, colonoscopy
endometrial carcinoma
tumor of the inner lining of the utuerus, common in women over 50, treatment a total abdonimal histerectomy
Kaposi's Sarcoma
malignant purple-brown lesions begin on feet and spread thru skin, involves gi tract and lungs, treatment radiation chemotherapy cryosurgery
malignant melanoma
skin tumor from moles or freckles, risk is family history and fair skin excessive sun exposure
the ABCD of malignant melanoma risks
Assymetry-flat and elevated parts
Borders-any leakage across the borders
Color-red, black,dark brown, or pale are suspicious
Diameter- lesions with AB&C and are 6mm in length should be removed
neuroblastoma
tumore of sympathetic nervous system, spreads to liver, lungs, lymph nodes, and bone
oral leukoplakia
lesion in mouth. grey-white or yello-white have clearly defined borders, factors include tobacco and alcohol
ovarian carcinoma
tumor of ovaries, rarely detected in early stage and far advanced when diagnosed.symptoms are swelling, bloating, loss of appetite, treatment is surgery chemotherapy and radiation
pancreatic cancer
life threatning found in head of pancreas, 95% die 1 to 3 yrs after diagnosis. risk factors smoking, diet high in fat, toxins, will try to remove tumor if detected early
prostatic cancer
tumor in prostate gland. treatment remove, radiation hormone or chemo
symptoms of prostate cancer
peeing frequent, start or stop urine flow, cant pee, pain when peeing, painful ejaculation
renal cell carcinoma
tumor of kidney, no symptoms till later treatmen surgery chemo and radiation
testicular cancer
tumor of tetes, rare.men under age of 40, confirmed by biopsy, recovery excellent
thyroid cancer
tumor of thyroid gland, needle biopsy used for diagnosis,surgery and then lifetime hormone therapy
intracranial tumors
in the brain can be malignant or benign
Metastatic intracranial tumor
tumors occuring as a result of mestasis from sites such as lungs or breasts
primary intacranial tumors
tumors that arise from meninges
Wilm's tumor
tumor of kidney occurs mainly in chidren remove tumor
5 accomplishments of radiation therapy
destruction of tumor cells
reducion of tumor size
decrease in pain
relief of obstruction
slow or stop mestasis
en bloc
removal of tumor and surrounding tissue containing lymph nodes
electrocauterzation
destruction of tissue by burning
cryusurgery
freezing malignant tissue
extenteration
a wide resedtion that removes organ of origing and surrounding tissue
Bx, bx
biopsy
Ca
canceer
DES
diethylstilbestrol
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
mets
metastasis
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
TNM
tumor, nodes, metastasis
medulla
inner structure
crtex
outer structure
paliative treatment
to make comfortable
occult
hidden blood
NULLIPARITY
never bourne child