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64 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body (largest vessel)
The projection of the scapula (the shoulder blade) that forms the point of the shoulder.
The cup-shaped socket of the hip joint. The head (upper end) of the femur fits into the acetabulum and articulates with it.
The appendix is a narrow, dead-end tube about three-to-four inches long that hangs off of the cecum (the beginning of the large intestine). Used to think it was an evolutionary left over.
Adductor Longus Muscle
A muscle with origin in the crest of the pubis, with insertion to a ridge on the shaft of the femur, with nerve supply from the obturator nerve, and whose action adducts the thigh.
Axillary Nodes
Any of the lymph glands of the armpit; fights infections in the neck and chest and arm regions
Adrenal Gland
Two small, endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, consisting of the cortex, which secretes several steroid hormones, and the medulla, which secretes epinephrine.
Axillary Artery
The part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the armpit
The top or first cervical vertebra of the neck, which supports the skull.
The second cervical vertebra on which the head turns.
Biceps Brachii
The large muscle at the front of the upper arm that flexes the forearm.
A muscle in the upper arm that flexes the elbow joint. It lies just deep to biceps brachii, and is a more powerful flexor of the elbow.
Control center of the central nervous system. Relays signals throughout the body.
The trachea (windpipe) divides into two main bronchi, the left and the right, at the level of the sternal angle. Bronchitis is a disease of the bronchi.
Basilic Vein
A large superficial vein of the upper limb that helps drain parts of hand and forearm.
The quadrangular bone at the back of the tarsus. Also called heel bone. Receives the weight of the body with each step
A bone in the human hand. It is the largest of the carpal bones, and occupies the center of the wrist.
The lateral portion of the articular surface of the humerus consists of a smooth, rounded eminence, named the capitulum of the humerus; it articulates with the depression on the head of the radius.
The collar bone, classified as a long bone that makes up part of the shoulder girdle (pectoral girdle).
Commonly referred to as the tailbone, is the final segment of the human vertebral column, of three to five (usually four) fused vertebrae (the coccygeal vertebrae), below the sacrum. It is a Vestigial organ.
Cisterna Chyli
A dilated sac at the lower end of the thoracic duct into which the intestinal trunk and two lumbar lymphatic trunks flow. It forms the primary lymph vessel, and transports lymph and chyle away from the abdomen.
Carotid Artery
Either of two major arteries of the neck and head; branches from the aorta
Cephalic Vein
A large vein of the arm that empties into the axillary vein
The large rounded structure of the brain occupying most of the cranial cavity, divided into two cerebral hemispheres that are joined at the bottom by the corpus callosum. It controls and integrates thought, reason, emotion, and memory.
Trilobed structure of the brain, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.
Deltoid Muscle
Triangular muscle of the shoulder that forms the rounded flesh of the outer part of the upper arm.
Ethmoid Bone
Located in front of the sphenoid bone in the skull.

-Consists of two masses, one on each side of the nasal cavity which are joined horizontally by thin "cribriform plates." These plates form part of the roof of the nasal cavity, and nerves (ethmoidal cells) associated with the sense of smell pass through tiny openings in them.
The flap of cartilage lying behind the tongue and in front of the entrance to the larynx

-At rest, the epiglottis is upright and allows air to pass through the larynx and into the rest of the respiratory system. During swallowing, it folds back to cover the entrance to the larynx, preventing food and drink from entering the windpipe.
A muscular tube which carries food and liquids from the throat to the stomach for digestion after it has been chewed
Dorsal Flexors
A number of muscles that function to move the ankle, foot, and toes are located in the lower leg.
False Ribs
The remaining five pairs are called "false ribs," because their cartilages do not reach the sternum directly. Attached by Costal cartilage
The thigh bone, the longest bone in the body. The lower end joins the tibia (shin) to form the knee joint. The upper end is rounded into a ball (or "head" of the femur) that fits into a socket in the pelvis to form the hip joint.
The outer and thinner of the two long bones of the lower leg.
Frontal Bone
Forms the front portion of the skull above the eyes and Includes the forehead, the roof of the nasal cavity, and the roofs of the orbits (bony sockets) of the eyes.
Flexor Muscles
Muscles which decrease the angle between two bones, as in bending the arm at the elbow; raising the leg toward the stomach as in kicking a football; or bringing the lower leg up toward the thigh.
Facial Nerves
The seventh cranial nerve. It begins in parts of the brain stem and branches into the face, neck, salivary glands and outer ear. The facial nerve performs both motor and sensory functions.
Frontal Lobe
Forms the front portion of the cerebral hemisphere. The motor areas control movements of the voluntary skeletal muscles. Association areas carry on higher intellectual processes, such as concentration, planning, problem-solving, and judgment of the consequences of behavior.
Fallopian Tube
Extends from the uterus to the ovary. This tube carries eggs and sperm and is where fertilization of the egg takes place
Glenoid Cavity
On the head of the scapula is a depression called the "glenoid cavity." It joins with the head of the upper arm bone (humerus).
The flattened triangular elevation that joins the superciliary arches. It is the flattened portion of the frontal bone. Between/above the eyes
An active storage shed, which absorbs mineral salts and water received from the liver and converts it into bile, to be released when food is present in the stomach. It's a small, pear-shaped sac which is just below the liver.
Gracilis Muscle
Long, straplike muscle that passes from the pubic bone to the tibia in the lower leg. It functions to adduct the thigh and to flex and rotate the leg medially at the knee.
Gluteus Medius
The strongest muscle in the body and covers a large part of the buttock. It connects the ilium, sacrum, and coccyx to the femur by tissues of the thigh and acts to extend the thigh. The gluteus maximus causes the leg to straighten at the hip when a person walks, runs, or climbs.
Gastrocnemius Muscle
On the back of the lower leg. It comes from two immovable ends (or heads) located on the femur, one on the side and one toward the center. A powerful plantar flexor of the foot, that aids in pushing the body forward when a person walks or runs. It also works to flex the leg at the knee.
The Great Saphenous Vein
The longest vein in the body, begins on the medial side of the foot. It rises to extend up along the inner side of the leg and penetrates deep into the thigh just below the inguinal ligament in the lower abdomen, where it joins the femoral vein. The femoral and the great saphenous veins merge into the external iliac vein.
The bone of the upper arm. The smooth, dome-shaped head of the bone lies at an angle to the shaft and fits into a shallow socket of the scapula (shoulder blade) to form the shoulder joint.
Illiopsoas Muscles
The iliopsoas muscle is frequently regarded as a single muscle, because it is a blending of two muscles, the psoas major and the iliacus. The "psoas major" is a powerful flexor muscle of the thigh at the hip joint.
Inguinal ligament
Supports the region around the groin (between the abdomen and the thigh), preventing an inguinal hernia, or protrusion of part of the intestine into the muscles of the groin.
Inferior Mesenteric Vein
Brings blood up from the descending colon, sigmoid colon, and the rectum.
Inferior Vena Cava
A large vein ascending through the abdomen. It collects blood from the hepatic veins, the lumbar veins, gonadal veins, renal veins, and phrenic veins.
Internal Iliac Veins
Come from deep in the pelvic region and rise to the lower portion of the abdomen, where they join with the right and left "external iliac veins" and form the "common iliac veins." These, in turn, merge to produce the "inferior vena cava" at the level of the fifth lumbar vertebra.
Having the form of a funnel; pertaining to an infundibulum.
A constriction or narrowing of a duct or passage; a stricture.
Of or relating to the atria and the ventricles of the heart.
Coronary artery
branch off the aorta to supply the body with fresh blood
Lymph Nodes
act as barriers to the spread of infection
Tighten Skin
Controls Pituitary secretions, body temp, hunger, thirst and sex drive
Pituitary Gland
Controls bone growth and regulates activities in other endocrine glands
Pineal Gland
related to reproduction, responds indirectly to light
Thyroid Gland
Controls rate of fuel use in body/development
Behind thyroid gland. Control calcium levels in blood
Controls level of sugar in blood
Controls a type of infection fighting WBC in children