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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what contains
rRna
protein
ribosomes
protein synthesis=
translation
70s ribosomes
translation in

bacterial cells
chloroplasts
80s ribosomes
translation in cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells
ribosomes attached to RER are destined for
1-secretion from the cell
2-imcorporated into plasma memberane

3-formation of lysosomes
genetic combination experiments
1-DNA ligase

2-Restriction endonucleases
what cleaves
1-DNA
2-plasmid DNA
nuclease
bacterial cloning vectors
1-plasmids
2-bacteriophage
3-cosmids
recombinant DNA tech =
gene cloning
1-DNA POLYMERASE 1

2-REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE

3-EXONUCLEASE
fills in gaps by addition of nucleotides to 3' end
DNA polymerase I
DNA okazaki fragments are formed
during replication
primer = nucleic acid
where DNA polymerase add nucleotides
RNA polymerase
provides PRIMER
what removes primer
exonuclease
comlimentary strand of DNA
lagging strand
what is formed on lagging strand
okazaki fragments
what are the differences btw
1-RNA hydrolysis
2-DNA hydrolysis
ribose and uracil
where does replication occur
replication forks
prokaryote topoisomerase
DNA gyrase
nucleic acid backbone
phosphate
pentose units

both alternate
pyrimidine bases in DNA
thymine
cytosone
pyrimidine bases in RNA
uracil
cytosine
what is coded by just one codon
methionine
tryptophan
what is excreted in the form of uric acid
purine bases
what is degenerate
the genetic code
where is anticodon
transfer RNA
G - C bonds
3 hydrogen bonds
what is
1-hydrophilic
2-highly polar
backbone of
DNA
RNA
what catalyzes the formation of

purine bases > uric acid
xanthine oxidase
what forms hydrogen bonds with water
hydroxyl groups
PRPP
synthesized from
1-ATP
2-ribose 5-P
the ribose phosphate portion of

purine
pyrimidine
formed by pentose phosphate pathway
major components of ribosomes
rRNA
carry AA to ribosomes
tRNA
what is the most abundant RNA
rRNA
protein synthesis template
mRNA
groups of ligases that ensure the correct AA is attached to the tRNA
amino acyl-tRNA synthetase