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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inulin
not secreted
not reabsorbed
PAH
filtered
secreted
*estimated renal plasma flow*
estimate GFR
1-inulin
1-BUN
3-serum creatinine
thick ascending loop REABSORBS
Na
Cl
COUNTERCURRENT MULTIPLIER ACTIVTY
thick ascending loop reabsorption of NaCl
impermeable to water
ascending limbq
descending reabsorbs
h20
solutes
prox convoluted
glucose
aa
Na
Cl
po4
Ca
bicarbonate
h20
distal convoluted
SECRETES: H K
Reabsorbs: Na
collecting duct
secretes=H
reabsorbs=h20
reabsorption occurs
1-prox tubule
2-loop of henle
3-distal convoluted
4-collecting duct
how many liters of Glomerular Filtrate
180L/day
ammonia's source
aa
dilute urea due to
no ADH
diabetes insipidus
concentrated urea
decreased PV
cellular dehydration
diabetes mellitus
excess ADH
found btw pyramids
renal columns
renal columns =
cortical tissue
apex of pyramids >
renal papilla
minor calyces
renal papilla
minor calyces >
major calyces
major calyces >
renal pelvis
fxn unit =
nephron
renal corpuscle =
glomerulus
retroperitional
kidney
ureters
bladder
multiple cysts
inherited
polycystic
chronic high blood pressure
anemia
kidney infection
polycystic
increase erythropoietin
poycystic
increased RBC
polycystic
pelvis/calyces distended bc urine is unable to drain
hydronephrosis
hypertension
polycystic
flank pain
polycystic
renal impairment secondary to arteriosclerosis/HTN
nephrosclerosis
bacterial kidney infection
pyelonephritis
scar tissue in renal pelvis
chronic pyelonephritis
reactive changes in smaller arteries/arterioles
arteriosclerosis
loss of renal parenchyma
benign nephrosclerosis
calcium stones
nephrolithiasis
renal calculi
kidney stones in renal pelvis
renal colic
stones pass into ureter=pain
urinary calculus
any part of urinary tract
urolithiasis
bacterial infection
pyelonephritis
abscess
pyelonephritis
scar tissue
pyelonephritis
kidney infections caused
micro-o ascending lower urinary tract
enlarged prostate gland
benign prostatic hypertrophy
proteinuria
hypoalbuminemia
hyperlipidemia
edema
nephrotic syndrome
increased permeability of glomerular capillaries
nephrotic syndrome
primary glomerulonephritis
nephrotic syndrome
50-60
glomerulonephritis
acute nephritis syndrome
rapidly progressive NS
nephrOtic syndrome
chronic nephritic syndrome
glomerulopathies
inflammation of glomeruli
chronic NS=
chronic glomerulonephritis
loss of protein in urine
hypoalbuminemia
generalized edema
hyperlipidemia
hypercholesterolemia
nephrOtic syndrome
inflammation of glomeruli

blood in urine
RBC casts / protein in urine
boys 3-7
acute nephritis syndrome