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259 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What date is considered the beginning of the U.S. Army?
June 14, 1775
The birth of our Nation began with the signing of an important document. What was this document and what was the date?
The Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
Who was the first Commander in Chief of the Continental Army and when?
George Washington; June 15, 1775
When, where, and by whom did the Army receive its first real training?
During the winter of 1778 at Valley Forge, by the Prussian officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Von Stuben.
The training programs of Baron Friedrich von Steuben were published and known by what name?
The "Blue Book"
The Revolutionary War officially ended on what date?
September 3, 1783
The United States was initally governed by what document? What replaced this?
The Articles of Confederation; this was replaced by the Constitution.
What does "SERE" stand for
Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape
What AR covers the Code of Conduct?
AR 350-30
Who authorized the Publishing of the Code of Conduct in 1955?
President Dwight D. Eisenhower; August 17, 1955
The Code of Conduct has how many Articles?
When is the best time to escape?
As soon as possible
What information are you authorized to give under the Geneva Conference Rules?
Name, rank, service number, and birth date
What should prisoners be searched for?
Hidden weapons and documents of intelligence value.
Prisoners should be separated into what groups?
Officers, NCOs, Enlisted Personnel, Females, Civilians
According to the Geneva Convention, the detaining power can require POWs to perform labor in what situations or conditions?
If it is neither military in character or purpose and that the POWs are not in immediate danger by combat.
A good way to remember what you should do if you capture a prisoner is to use the 5-S Rule. What are the 5 S's?
Search, Segregate, Silence, Speed, Safeguard
What Field Manual covers Guard Duty?
FM 22-6
What are the two types of Guard Duty?
Interior, and Exterior
A guard on post is governed by two types of orders what are they?
Special and General Orders
What are the Three General Orders?
1. I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.

2. I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner.

3. I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions to the Commander of the Relief.
What is meant by "countersign?"
A secret challenge and its password or reply.
What is meant by "parole word?"
It is a secret word imparted to only those who inspect the guard.
What are the two main qualifications for performing guard duty?
1. Know your weapon and must have qualified on it.

2. Know your Three General Orders
An extra member of the guard who is used when needed to replace a guard or perform duties prescrived by local directives is known as what?
The Supernumerary
What is the Army's policy toward the use of deadly force?
Shoot to disable not to kill. As a last resort.
What FM covers First Aid
FM 4-25-11
What is meant by first aid?
Rendering life saving measures by nonmedical personnel until medical personnel arrive.
What are considered the four adverse conditions affecting human life?
Lack of oxygen
What three tasks are considered the basics of first aid
Check for breathing
Check for bleeding
Check for shock
What are the eight steps in properly evaluating a casualty?
1. Check for responsiveness
2. Check for breathing
3. Check for pulse
4. Check for bleeding
5. Check for shock
6. Check for fractures
7. Check for burns
8. Check for possible head injuries
What are two vital body functions?
Blood circulation and Respiration
Name four common points for checking pulse.
Carotid, Femorial, Radial, Posterial Tibal
What are the three basic measures of first aid?
Open the airway and restore breathing
Stop bleeding adn protect the wound
Check for shock and administer first aid measures.
What are the two prescribed methods for opening the airway?
Head-tilt-chin lift
Jaw thrust
What are the two prescribed methods for rescue breathing?
Mouth-to-Mouth resuscitation
Mouth-to-Nosed resuscitation
What is the preferred method of rescue breathing?
What are the two prescribed methods for opening an airway obstruction on a conscious casualty?
Abdominal Thrust
Chest Thrust
Name five prescribed methods for controlling bleeding?
1. Field Dressing
2. Manual Pressure
3. Pressure Dressing
4. Digital Pressure
5. Tourniquet
How should a tourniquet be applied?
Between the wound and the heart but not over the wound or on a joint or fracture.
What are the nine signs/symptons of shock?
1. Sweaty but cool skin
2. Paleness of skin or ashy
3. Restlessness, nervousness
4. Thirst
5. Loss of blood
6. Confusion
7. Faster-than-normal breathing rate
8. Blotch or bluish skin
9. Nausea or vomiting
What are the seven steps in preventing/treating shock?
1. Move the casualty to cover
2. Position the casualty on their back
3. Elevate the casualty's feet higher than the level of their heart
4. Loosen constricting clothing
5. Prevent chilling or overheating
6. Calm the Casualty
7. Seek medical aid
When treating/preventing shock, should you give the casualty something to eat or drink?
Head injuries can be classified into what two types? What is the difference in the two?
Open: the wound is visible, has a break in the skin and usually is bleeding

Closed: a depression in the skull, or internal bleeding
What is "tension pneumothorax?"
air is trapped in the chest and cannot escape
Before administering the proper first aid for burn injuries, you must be able to identify the type of burns to be treated. What are the four types of burns?
Laser, Chemical, Electrial, Thermal
What are the five first aid measures for treating burns?
1. Eliminate the source of the burn
2. Expose the burn
3. Apply a field dressing
4. Take precautions
5. Seek Medical Aid
What is the Basic Splinting Princple?
Immoblize the joints above and below fracture.
Whare are some signs/symptoms of fractures?
deformity, swelling, bleeding, sharp pain, tenderness, pain, protruding pain, discolored skin at injury site
What are three typs of heat injuries?
Heat Cramps, Heat Stroke, and Heat Exhaustion
Name six cold weather injuries?
Chilblain, Trench Foot, Frostbite, Dehydration, Hypothermia, Snow Blindness
What are the nine mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1. Unexplained Headaches
2. Difficulty Seeing
3. Runny Nose
4. Drooling
5. Tighness in the Chest
6. Localized Sweating
7. Stomach Cramps
8. Nausea
9. Tachycardia followed by Brachycardia
Name some of the one-man carries?
Fireman's carry
Support Carry
Neck Drag
LBE Carry
Pistol Belt drag
Name the five different two-man carries?
Two-man support carry
Two-man fore-and-aft carry
Two-hand seat cary
Two-man arms carry
Four-hand seat carry
What FM covers "Field Hygiene and Sanitaion?"
FM 21-10
What are the five communicable disease groups classified by the Army?
1. Respiratory
2. Intestial
3. Insect-Borne
4. Veneral
5. Miscellaneous
Which of the five communicable disease groups accounts for the highest incidence of disease in the Army?
Respiratory infections
What is the principle source of the organism that causes intestinal disease?
The feces of man
What are the five F's in field sanitation?
Finger, Foods, Flies, Feces, Fluids
FM 21-10 covers eight categories of medical threats. What are they?
Heat, Cold, Noise, Food/Waterborne diseases, Personal hygience and physical/mental fitness, Poisonous plants and toxic fruits, Arthropods and other animals, Toxic industrial chemical/materials
What are the six sources of water?
Surface, Ground, Ice, Snow, Sea water, Rain
Good water discipline involves filling your canteen with treated water at every chance. When treated water is not available, you must disinfect the water in your canteen using one of five approved methods. What are they?
1. Iodine tablets
2. Chlorine ampoules
3. Emergency Water-Treatment Kit
4. Household/Common Bleach
5. Boiling
What are the four types of field waste?
Rubbish, Garbage, Human Waste, Kitchen Water
How far should field latrines be located from food operations and sources of water?
100 meters and 30 meters down slope downwind
What are four things must you consider when determining the TYPE of waste disposal method?
Length of stay
Weather Conditions
What FM covers "Map Reading and Land Navigation?"
FM 3-25.26
What is a map?
A picture of the earth from above
Military maps are categorized by what two things?
Scale and type
DMA maps are classified by scale inot what three categories?
1. Small scale- (1:1,000,000 and smaller)
2. Medium- (larger than 1:1,000,00 but smaller than 1:75,000)
3. Large- (1:75,000 and larger)
What are some different types of maps?
1. Planimetric
2. Topographic
3. Photomap
4. Joint Operations Graphics
5. Photomosaic
6. Terrain Model
7. Military City
8. Special
What are the colors used to facilitae the identification of features on a standard large-scale topographic map?
1. Black- man-made features such as buildings and roads
2. Red-Brown- identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
3. Blue- Water such as lakes, oceans, swamps, rivers.
4. Green- all vegetation such as woods, orchards and vineyards
5. Brown- relief features and elevation such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
6. Red- cultural features such as populated areas, main roads and boundaries on older maps.
The four lines (boarders) that enclose the body of a map are known as ____ and are actually lines of latitude adn longitude.
Neat lines
What is the principle for reading grid coordinates on military maps?
Right and up
What is the distance between grid lines on a standard large-scale map?
1,000 meters or 1 km
How many digits are required to locate a point within a 1000 meters (not counting grid zone designators or the 100,000 meter square identifier)?
How many digits are required to locate a point to within 100 meters?
How many digits are required to locate a point to within 10 meters?
How many digits are required to locate a point to within 1 meters?
What is a pace count?
The number of natural steps one takes to walk 100 meters.
What six conditions must be considered when adjusting pace count?
Slopes, Winds, Surfaces, Clothing, Elements, and Visibilty
What are some common methods for keeping track of your total pace count during land navigation?
Put a pebble in your pocket every time you walk 100 meters, tie a knot in a string, or put marks in a note book.
Direction are expressed as units of angular measure. Name three common units of angular measure used by military personnel.
1. Degree- 360 degrees in a circle
2. Mil- 6,400 mils in a circle
3. Grad- 400 grads in a circle
How many base lines are there on a military map and what are they?
1. True North
2. Magnetic North
3. Grid North
Describe the three norths on a military map.
1. True North- a line from any point on the earth's surface to the north pole.
2. Magnetic North- the direction to the north magnetic pole, as indicated by the north-seeking needle of a magnetic instrument.
3. Grid North- the north that is established by using the bertical grid lines on a map. It is symbolized by "GN" or "Y" at the apex.
What is the most common military method for expressing direction?
By using an azimuth
What is a "back azimuth" and how is it obtained?
1. It is the opposite direction of an azimuth.

2. To obtain a back azimuth:
a. If the azimuth is less than 180 degrees, add 180 degrees.

b. If the azimuth is more than 180 degrees, subtract 180 degrees.
What is the "declination diagram" and where is it located?
1. It shows the relationship between True North, Grid North and Magnetic North.

2. It is located in the lower margin on most larger maps or by note on the medium and smaller maps.
What is meant by "intersection?"
Used to determin the location of an unknown point by successively occupying at least two known positions on the ground and then map sighting on the unknown location.
What is meant by "resection?"
Used to locate one's position on a map by determining the grid azimuth to at least two well-defined locations that can be pinpointed on the map.
What device is considered the most common and simplest instrument for measuring direction?
The Lensatic Compass
What are the four types of compasses described by FM 3-25.26?
1. Lensatic (M1) Compass
2. Artillery (M2) Compass
3. Wrist/Pocket Compass
4. Protractor
What are the three major parts of the lensatic compass?
1. Cover
2. Base
3. Lens
There are two scales on a lensatic compass; the outer scale, normally in 1.___(color) denotes 2.___ and the inner scale, normally 3.___ (color) denotes 4.___.
1. Black
2. Mils
3. Red
4. Degrees
What are the two approved techniques for holding the compass when sighting?
1. Centerhold
2. Compass to Cheek
What are "contour lines?"
Imaginary lines on the ground that connect points of equal elevation.
What are the three types of contour lines?
1. Index
2. Intermediate
3. Supplementary
What are the five MAJOR terrain features?
1. Hill
2. Ridge
3. Valley
4. Saddle
5. Depression
What are the three MINOR terrain features?
1. Draw
2. Spur
3. Cliff
What are the two SUPPLEMENTAL terrain features?
1. Cut
2. Fill
What Arm publication covers rifle marksmanship for the M16-series rifle and the M4-series carbine?
FM 3-22.9
Describe the M16-/M4-series weapon?
Magazine fed
Air cooled
Gas powered
Shoulder fired weapon
That shoots a 5.56mm round
What is meant by "sustained" rate of fire?
The rate of fire that a weapon can continue to deliver for an indefite period without overheating.
What is the maximum range, maimum effective range: point target, and area target of the M16A2/A3
1. Maximum Range 3,600 meters
2. Maximum Effective Range Point Target: 550 Meters
3. Maximum Effective Range Area Target: 800 Meters
Define Maximum Range Maximum Effective range and Maximum Effective Rate of Fire
1. Maximum Range- the longest distance a projectile will travel when fired form a weapon.
2. Maximum Effective Range- the greatest distance at which a weapon may be expected to deliver a hit on a target.
3. Maximum Effective Rate of Fire- the highest rates of fire that can be maintained and still hit targets.
What is meant by "zeroing?"
Adjusting rifle sites so bullets hit the aiming piont at a given range.
What is the difference between "mechanical zero," and "battlesight zero?"
Mechanical zero returns a weapon to a "default" setting and battlesight zero is the adjustments a soldier makes to a weapon to provide the highest probability of striking an aiming point.
Describe the various types of ammunition that may be used in the M16 and M4 series weapons.
1. M193 Ball- M16A1 only- no identifying marks
2. M196 Tracer- M16A1 only- Red or orange painted tip
3. M199 Dummy- All rifles- Six groves along the sides, 1/2 inch from tip
4. M200 Blank- All rifles- Violet tip and seven-petal rosette crimp
5. M855 Ball- M16A2/3/4, M4- Green Tip
6. M856 Tracer- M16A2/3/4, M4- Red Tip
7. M862- All Rifles- Short-range Training Ammuntion (SRTA) plastic, blue tip
What word is commonly used to remember the procedure for applying immediate action?
What is meant by "Remedial action?"
The continous effort to determin the cause of the stoppage or malfunction and trying to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
Describe the proper procedure for CLEARING the M16/M4 series weapon.
1. Point the weapon in a SAFE direction! Put the weapon on safe.
2. Remove the magazine, by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling down on the magazine.
3. Lock the bolt to the rear by pulling the charging hangle to the rear while pressing the lower portion of the bolt catch; allow the bolt to move forward until it engages the bolt catch. Return the charging handle to the forward position.
4. Visually inspect the chamber and receiver areas for ammunition.
5. With the selector still on safe, allow the bolt to go forward by pressing the upper portion of the bolt catch.
What are the eight steps in the cycle of functioning of the M16/M4 series weapon?
1. Feeding
2. Chambering
3. Locking
4. Firing
5. Unlocking
6. Extracting
7. Ejecting
8. Cocking
What are the four basic fundamentals of marksmanship?
1. Steady position
2. Aiming
3. Breathing Control
4. Trigger Squeeze
Proper maintenance of the M16/A2 rifle includes what five steps?
1. Clear
2. Disassemble
3. Inspect
4. Clean and lubricate
5. Reassemble
The first consideration when handling any weapon is to do what?
What field manual covers NBC?
FM 3-3, 3-4, 3-5,3-7, 3-100
What does NBC stand for?
Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
What are the three fundamentals of NBC defense?
1. Contamination avoidance
2. Protection
3. Decontamination
What is considered to be the best defense against the enemy use of Nuclear, Biological and/or Chemical weapons?
Contaminaiton avoidance
NBC can be classified into two types. What are they?
Immediate Hazards
Residual Harzards
NBC protection is divided into what two broad areas?
Individual and Collective
What is current US policy regarding the use of nuclear, chemical, and biological assests?
Nuclear: Last resort (will use if necessary)
Biological: No use
Chemical: No first use
Nuclear, biological, and chemical agents are classified by the U.S. into two categories, depending on the length of time agents will be a hazard. What are they?
Persistent, and nonpersistent
What are the three classifications of NBC markers? Describe them.
Chemical: Red letters "GAS" on a yellow background

Biological: RED letters "BIO" on a blue background

Nuclear: Black letters "ATOM" on a white background.
Which of the NBC reports is most widely used?
What are the four principles of decon?
1. Speed
2. Need
3. Limit
4. Priority
NBC decontamination is expressed in terms of levels and techniques. There are three basic levels which can be further subdivided into a total of seven techniques. First what are the three basic levels of decontamination?
1. Immediate
2. Operational
3. Thorough
What are the four portals of entry that toxic agents may use when entering the body?
1. Nose
2. Mouth
3. Eyes
4. Skin
What is "MOPP?"
Mission Orientated Protective Posture
What is the standard time allowed for a soldier to achieve MOPP levels 1-4 in sequence?
8 Minutes
What is the standard time allowed for donning of the M17 series protective mask?
9 Seconds
What is the last step in donning the protective mask?
Close the mask carrier
How many levels of MOPP are there? Describe them
MOPP Ready- Masked Carried; MOPP gear readily available

MOPP 0- Mask carried; MOPP gear wihin arm's reach

MOPP 1- Mask carried; overgarments worn; remaining gear within arm's reach.

MOPP 2- Mask carried; overgarment, overboots, helmet cover worn gloves within arm's reach

MOPP 3- Mask&Hood, overgarments, overboots, helmet cover worn; gloves within arm's reach.

MOPP 4- All MOPP gear worn.
What are the three types of procedures for MOPP gear exchange?
1. Buddy team
2. Triple buddy
3. Individual (Emergency only)
What are four principle effects of any nuclear explosions?
1. Thermal Radiation
2. Nuclear Radiation
3. Blast
4. EMP
What are three types of nuclear bursts?
1. Air
2. Surface
3. Subsurface
What are four indicators of possible biological attack?
1. Artillery shells with less powerful explosions than HE rounds

2. Aerial bombs that pop rather than explode

3. Mist or fog sprayed from low flying aircraft

4. Ground generators spraying a fog or mist
Name three suggested nonvocal signals for a chemcial attack?
1. Rapid and continous beating together of any two metal objects to produce a loud noise.

2. A succesion of short blasts on a vehicle horn or other suitable device.

3. An inermittent warbling siren sound.
What Army pulbications cover the Army Physical Fitness Program
FM 21-20 and AR 350-1
What does APFT stand for?
Army Physical Fitness Test
What is the primary objective of a physical training program?
To enhance combat readiness by developing and sustaining a high level of physical fitness in soldiers.
AR 350-1 specifies that vigorous physical fitness training will be conducted ___ to ___ times per week during the unit's normal duty day as determined by the commander.
Three to five
What are the APFT standards based on?
Age and physiological differences between men and women.
How often is the APFT administered for Active Duty Soldiers?
At least twice a year
Who should receive an APFT with an alternate test event?
Soldiers who are on permanent profiles preventing them from running the 2 mile event.
What are the approved aerobic events used for the APFT?
1. 2.5 Mile Walk
2. 6.2 Mile Bike
3. 800 yard Swim
4. 2 Mile Run
What is the Army Standard (including AIT) for passing the APFT?
A minimum of 60 points in each event acheiving a total of 180 points. If a soldier does not acheive 60 points they are considered a Test Failure.
Who may be awarded the Physical Fitness Badge?
Soldiers who score 270 points or higher and while maintaining a 90 percent in each event and meet body composition standards
Once the Physical Fitness Badge is awarded, are soldiers required to meet the same criteria during each record APFT in order to continure to wear the badge?
Physical fitness is composed of factors (or components) that allow soldiers to function effectively in physicla and mental work, training, and recreation and still have the energy to handle emergencies. What are the five components of fitness?
1. Muscular Strength
2. Muscular Endurance
3. Flexiblity
4. Crdiorespiratory endurance
5. Body composition
How does "warming up" help to prevent injuries and maximize performance during physical training?
It increases the body's internal temperature and heart rate.
An adequate warm-up period should include some running in place or slow jogging, stretching, and calisthenics and should last for how long?
Five to seven minutes
What is the purpose for "cooling down" after an exercise period, regardless of the type of workout?
The cool down gradually slows down the heart rate and helps prevent pooling of the blood in the legs and feet.
What are the three PHASES of fitness conditioning?
1. Prepartory
2. Conditioning
3. Maintenance
What are the four TYPES of road marches?
1. Day
2. Limited Visiblity
3. Forced
4. Shuttle
What is the difference between static and dynamic stretching?
Static: gradual lengthening of the muscles and tendons as a part of the body moves around a joint.

Dynamic: stretching involving movements such as bouncing or bobbling to attain a greater range of motion and stretch
What is a circuit drill and what are the two types of circuit drills?
A circuit drill is a group of stations or areas where a specific tasks or exercises are preformed.

1. Free Circuit
2. Fixed Circuit
What are the two types of obstacle courses?
Conditioning and Confidence
When administering the APFT, soldiers shold be allowed no less than ___ minutes, but no more than ___ minutes, to recover between each event?
During the push-up event, your feet may be together or up to ___ inches apart?
How far down must you go to correctly perform one push-up repetition?
Until the upper arms are at least parallel to the ground.
What is the correct positioning for a scorer of the push-up event?
Approximately 3 feet away from the participants's shoulders at a 45 degree angle. The scorer's head should be even with the participant's shoulder when the participant is in the front leaning rest position.
During the sit-up event, your feet may be together or up to ___ inches apart?
During the sit-up event, what is the only part of the feet that must remain in contact with the ground?
What is the correct positioning for a scorer of the sit-up event?
Approximately 3 feet away from the participants hips. The scorer's head should be even with the participant's shoulder when the latter is in the vertical position.
What Army regulation covers "The Army Weight Control Program?"
AR 600-9
What are the primary objectives of the Army Weight Control Program?
To insure that all personnel-

1. are able to meet the physical demads of their duties under combat conditions

2. present a trim military appearance at all times.
Give three reasons why the Army is so concerned about excess body fat?
1. Indicates lack of personal discipline

2. It detracts from military appearance

3. It is an indication that a poor state of health, physical fitness, or stamina may be present
To assist soliders in meeting the requirements prescribed in AR 600-9, weight screening tables are used. The screening table weight is based on what two considerations?
1. Height
2. Age
How often should soldiers be weighed?
Personnel will be weighed when they take the APFT or at least every six months.
Name three limitaions on personnel that are overweight.
1. Nonpromotable

2. Will not be authorized any military or civilian schooling

3. Will not be assigned to command positions
What is the determination of percent body fat on a soldier commonly called?
"The Tape Test"
What circumference sites are used for taping male and female soldiers?
Males- Abdomen and Neck

Females- Neck, Forearm, Wrist and largest portion of the protruding buttock
How often should soldiers in the Weight Control Program weigh in?
Monthly to check progress
What should a soldier be wearing when he/she is "taped?"
Standard PT uniform (shorts and T-shirt, without shoes)
What is considered to be the capstone leadership manual for today's Army?
FM 22-100
What is the fundamental mission of our Army?
To deter war and, if deterence fails, to win in battle.
What is meant by the term "leadership?"
Leadership is influencing people, operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
What are the four "dimensions" of the leadership framework?
Values, Attributes, Skills and actions
What are the Army Values?
Selfless Service
Personal Courage
What are the three mentoring techniques?
1. Teaching

2. Developmental Counseling

3. Coaching
What are the three LEVELS of Army leadership?
1. Direct

2. Organizational

3. Strategic
What are the five basic STYLES of Army leadership?
1. Directing

2. Participating

3. Delegating

4. Transformational

5. Transactional
What are four borad categories of COMMUNCATING?
1. Speaking

2. Reading

3. Writing

4. Listening
What is the basic "fieldcraft" guide for soldiers?
The Soldier's Manual for Common Tasks
What are the steps of the problem solving/decision making process?
1. Identify the problem

2. Identify the facts and assumptions

3. Generate alternatives

4. Analyize the alternatives

5. Compare the alternatives

6. Make and excute your decision

7. Assess the results
The Army has but one chain of command. What other channel of communication parallels and reinforces the chain of command?
The NCO Support Channel
The NCO Support Channel consists of whom?
Starts with CSM and ends with the section chiefs, squad leaders, or team leaders
What is the NCO support channel primarily used for?
Passing information, issuing orders, and accomplishing the routine but important missions.
What are two types of authority?
Command and General Military Authority
When are you responsible for something, you are liable, or acoountable, for the outcome. What are the two categories of responsiblity?
Individual and Command Responsiblity
What are the five CHARACTERISTICS of effective counseling?
1. Purpose

2. Flexiblity

3. Respect

4. Communication

5. Support
What are the four QUALITIES of an effective counselor?
1. Respect for subordinates

2. Self-awareness and Cultural awareness

3. Empathy

4. Crediblity
What are some of the indications of ACTIVE LISTENING?
Eye Contact, Body Positioning, Nodding your head to show interest, Natural facial expression, and Avoiding interupting and talking too much
What are the two CATEGORIES of developmental counseling?
1. Event-oriented counseling

2. Proformance/professional growth counseling
Effective counselors use the "counseling process," which involves four stages. What are the four stages?
1. Identify the need for counseling

2. Prepare for the counseling

3. Conduct counseling

4. Follow up
DA Form 4856 (Counseling form) has been replaced by what form?
DA Form 4856-E, the electronic version.
What are the types of combat orders at the squad/section level?
1. Operating Orders

2. Warning Orders

3. Fragmentary Orders
What are the five basic rules of combat?
1. Move

2. Shoot

3. Communicate

4. Secure

5. Sustain
List five things that affect a unit's morale.
1. Mess

2. Mail

3. Military Justice

4. Supply

5. Living Conditions
What are the five roles of a leader?
1. Teacher

2. Trainer

3. Administrator

4. Counselor

5. Commander
What regulation covers "Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia?"
AR 670-1
What Army regulation prescribes the policy, criteria, and administrative instructions concerning individual military awards?
AR 600-8-22
Individual awards are grouped into what six categories?
1. Decorations

2. Good Conduct Medal

3. Service Medals

4. Service Ribbons

5. Badges and Tabs

6. Certificates and Letters
What indicates the successful completion of the respective NCO Professional Developmental Courses?
The numeral devices 2,3,4

Bar ribbon: WLC
4: Senior level USASMC
What AR covers Military Justice?
AR 27-10
What is the "UCMJ?"
The Uniformed Code of Military Justice: prescribes criminal law for soldiers
How did the UCMJ come about?
In 1951 Congress enacted the UCMJ which replaced the Articles of War which was in place since 1775
The UCMJ is comprised of how many punitive articles?
Military Justice is adnimistered at two levels. What are they?
Nonjudicial and Judicial
Who may impose an Article 15?
Any commanding officer, including warrant officers exercising command
What are the three classifications of Article 15s?
1. Company Grade
2. Field Grade
3. Summarized
Can an NCO be given extra duty by an Article 15?
Yes but only in a supervisory capacity.
The maximum punishment a Company Commander may impose what in an Article 15?
1. 14 days extra duty
2. 14 days restriction
3. 7 days correctional custody if E3 or below
4. 7 days forfeiture of pay
5. 1 grade reduction, grade E4 and below
6. Oral or written reprimand
What article of the UCMJ is designed to protect the rights of the soldier?
Article 31
What are the three types of courts-martials?
1. Summary
2. Special
3. General
What are the five types of discharges?
1. Honorable
2. Dishonorable
3. General
4. Other than Honorable
5. Bad Conduct
What do the letters "MCM" stand for?
Manuals for courts martial
What FM covers Drill and Ceremonies?
FM 3-21.5
What are the three methods of instruction used to teach drill to soldiers?
1. Step-by-step
2. Talk-through
3. By-the-numbers
What are the five types of commands of drill?
1. Two part
2. Combined
3. Supplementary
4. Directive
5. Mass
Most commands have two parts. What are they?
Preparatory Command and Command of Execution
What is the best posture for giving commands?
At the position of Attention
In verbal commands what is meant by cadence?
A uniform rhythmic flow of words.
What are the four rest positions at the halt?
1. Parade rest
2. Stand at ease
3. At ease
4. Rest
What is quick time cadence?
120 steps per minute
How fast is double-time cadence?
180 steps per minute
When marching, the arms should swing in a natural motion, without exaggeration and without bending the elbows, approximately ___ inches straight and ___ inches straight to the rear of the trouser seam.
9 front and six to the rear
What is the length of the following steps?
Forward: 30 inches
Half Step: 15 inches
Left or Right Step: 15 inches
Backward: 15 inches
Double-time: 30 inches
What are the two prescribed formations for a squad?
Line and Column
How many types of intervals are there and what are they?
3; Normal, Close, Double Intervals
What Army regulation covers, "Salutes, Honors, and Visits of Courtesy?"
AR 600-25 or FM 3-21.5
What are customs?
Commonly practiced or observed events that have become tradition and make up the unwritten common law of the Army.
How long is Reveille?
20 Seconds
How dow the raising of the US flag differ from lowering the flag?
Raising of the flag is faster than lowering it.
What two bugle calls are normally heard at "Retreat?"
Retreat and To the Color
How should a member of the Army be addressed if the name and rank are not known?
Simply as soldier
What bugle call is traditionally played at military funerals?
What is the name of the offical Army Song and when was it written and by whom?
THE ARMY GOES ROLLING ALONG written in 1908 by Lt. Gruber
What regulation prescribes the policy and procedures governing enlisted promotions and reductions?
AR 600-8-19
What are the three levels of promotions?
1. Unit level: SPC/CPL and below
2. Semi-Centralized: SGT, SSG
3. Centralized: SFC and above
A suspension of favorable personnel actions (such as promotions) is documented on DA form 286. This is often referred to as a ____
How is precedence of rank determined for soldiers of the same grade?
1. According to Date of Rank
2. By length of active Federal Service in the Army when DORs are the same
3. By length of total active Federal service when 1 and 2 are the same
4. By date of birth if 1, 2, and 3 are the same. Older is more Senior
What form is used as a "worksheet" for computing promotion points?
DA Form 3355
Recommendations for promotion are prepared on what form?
DA Form 3355
How often must promotions boards be convened by the promotion authority?
Once a month prior to the 15th of the month
What are the two types of promotion point worksheets?
Initial and Total Reevaluation
What are the maximum number of points possible on the Promotion Point Worksheet?
800 points
A reduction board for misconduct or inefficiency is required for soldiers in what grades?
SGT through SGM in all cases, and CPL/SPC when being reduced more than one grade.
What does NCOER stand for?
Noncomissioned Officers Evaluation Report
What is a bullet?
A short concise comment that makes a specific point.
What ratings require a bullet comment?
Excellence and Needs Improvement
On what DA form is the NCOER recorded?
DA form 2166-8
What four signautres are required in Part II- Authentication, of the NCOER?
1. Rater
2. Senior Rater
3. Rated NCO
4. Reviewer
What are the five parts of a NCOER?
Part I: Administrative Data
Part II: Authentication
Part III: Duty Description (Rater)
Part IV: Army Values/Attributes/Skills/Action
Part V: Overall Performance and Potential
Who should receive an NCOER?
Mandatory for NCOs, CPL thru CSM.
What three performance selections does the rater have to choose from when decidingon overall performance and potential?
Among the best
Fully Capable
What are the different types of NCOERs that a soldier may receive?
Mandatory and Optional
What is a DA Form 2188-8-1?
NCOER Counseling Checklist/Record
What is the NCO Creed?
No one is more professional than I, I am am a Noncommissioned Officer, a leader of soldiers. As a noncommissioned officer I realized I am a member of a time honored corps, which is known as the "backbone" of the Army. I am proud of the Corps of Noncommissioned Officers and will at all times conduct myself so as to bring credit upon the corps, the military service and my country regardless of the situation in which I find myself. I will not use my grade or position to obtain pleasure, profit or personal safety.
Competensce is my watchword. My two basic responsiblities will always remain uppermost in my mind: accomplishment of my mission and the welfare of my soldiers. I will strive to remain technically and tactically proficent. I am aware of my role as a noncommissioned officer. I will fulfill my responsiblities inherent in that role. All soldiers are entitled to outstanding leadership; I will provide that leadership. I know my soldiers and I will always place their needs above my own. I will communicate consistently with my soldiers and never leave them uniformed. I will be fair and impartial when recommending both rewards and punishment.
Officers of my unit will have maximum time to accomplish their duties, they will not have to accomplish mine. I will earn their respect and confidence as well as that of my soldiers. I will be loyal to those with whom I serve; seniors, peers and subordinates alike. I will exercise initiative by taking appropriate action in the absence of orders. I will not compromise my integrity, nor my moral courage. I will not forget, nor will I allow my comrades to forget that we are professionals, Noncommissioned Officers, leaders!