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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
A bladder infection spreads upwards through which structures?
a) Ureters
a) Ureters
b) Glomerulus
c) Urethra
d) Pyloric Sphincter
Muscle associated with supination of the forearm?
c) Biceps Brachii
a) Coracobrachialis
b) Triceps Brachii
c) Biceps Brachii
d) Brachioradialis
Slightly moveable joints connected by discs of cartilage are known as:
d) Amphiarthrotic
a) Synarthrotic
b) Diarthrotic
c) Bursae
d) Amphiarthrotic
Rythmic waves of of muscular contraction that occur in the walls of various tubular organs and help to propel food through the digestive system:
b) Peristalsis
a) Polarization
b) Peristalsis
c) Fibrillation
d) Twitch
This joint permits biaxial movements and exists only between the carpal and metacarpal bones of the thumb:
b) Saddle
a) Ellipsoidal
b) Saddle
c) Gliding
d) Hinge
The insertion of the sternocleidomastoid is the:
d) Mastoid Process
a) Sternum
b) Hyoid
c) Clavicle
d) Mastoid Process
The most superficial abdominal muscle on the anterior surface of the body is the:
a) Rectus Abdominis
a) Rectus Abdominis
b) Transverse Abdominis
c) Interanl Oblique
d) External Oblique
The most abundant tissue in the body is:
c) Connective
a) Epithelial
b) Muscular
c) Connective
d) Nervous
Quadrant of the abdomen in which the liver is located?
d) Upper Right
a) Upper Left
b) Lower Right
c) Lower Left
d) Upper Right
Action of the Teres Minor:
b) Lateral Rotation of humerus
a) Medial rotation of humerus
b) Lateral rotation of humerus
c) Flexion of humerus
d) Flexion of forearm
A substance such as a blood clot of bubble of gas that is carried by the blood and obstructs a blood vessel is known as a(n):
d) Embolus
a) Arteriosclerosis
b) Infarct
c) Phlebitis
d) Embolus
A cord or sheet of connective tissue by which two or more bones are bound together at a joint:
c) Ligament
a) Linea Alba
b) Tendon
c) Ligament
d) Aponeurosis
Which is not a function of the liver?
a) End digestion of proteins
a) End digestion of proteins
b) Produces bile
c) Storage of vitamins
d) Removal of toxic substances from body fluids
Necrosis of heart muscle from ischemia is known as a "heart attack" or:
c) Myocardial Infarction
a) Angina Pectorsis
b) Coronary Bypass
c) Myocardial Infarction
d) Aneurysm
Valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle which is sometimes damaged from rheumatic fever:
d) Bicuspid (Mitral)
a) Aortic Semilunar
b) Pulmonary Semilunar
c) Tricuspid
d) Bicuspid (Mitral)
An excessive accumulation of fluid within the institial space known as:
d) Edema
a) Plasma
b) Interstitial Serum
c) Lymph
d) Edema
Descending order of the small intestine:
c) Duodenum,Jejunum,Ileum
a) Fundus,Duodenum,Jejunum
b) Jejunum,Ileum,Duodenum
c) Duodenum,Jejunum,Ileum
d) Pyloris,Jejunum,Ileum
Phase of the cardiac cycle during which a heart chamber wall is relaxed.
d) Diastole
a) Hyperbole
b) Systole
c) Cardiac Atony
d) Diastole
Endocrine glands located on the top the kidneys:
a) Adrenal
a) Adrenal
b) Pineal
c) Pancreas
d)Parathyroid
Part of the vrain responsible for muscular coordination and balance:
b) Cerebellum
a) Brain Stem
b) Cerebellum
c) Diencephalon
d) Cerebrum
Mineral required to facilitate the attraction of actin and myosin with a muscle fiber:
d) Calcium
a) Sodium
b) Phosphorus
c) Magnesium
d) Calcium
Artery located behind the knee supplying blood to the knee joint and certain muscles in the thigh and calf
b) Popliteal
a) Femoral
b) Popliteal
c) Posterior Tibial
d) Internal Iliac
Nerve bundle which passes between the anterior and middle scalene muscles as it moves toward the axilla:
c) Brachial Plexus
a) Cervical Plexus
b) Lumbrosacral Plexus
c) Brachial Plexus
d) Phrenic Nerve
Hypertonicity of this muscle can put undue pressure on the sciatic nerve bundle resulting in pain of numbness radiating down the posterior thigh and leg:
d) Piriformis
a) Gluteus Maximus
b) Tensor Fascia Lata
c) Iliopsoas
d) Piriformis
Medial and lateral bony projections located at the distal end of the tibia and fibula:
a) Malleoli
a) Malleoli
b) Condyle
c) Patella
d) Tubercle
The longest vein in the body originating on the medial aspect of the foot and extending upward along the medial side of the leg toward the inguinal ligament:
c) Great Saphenous
a) Popliteal
b) Femoral
c) Great Saphenous
d) Anterior Tibial
The most superficial layer of meninges composed primarily of tough, white fibrous connective tissue:
c) Dura Mater
a) Pia Mater
b) Arachnoid Mater
c) Dura Mater
d) Cerebrospinal Layer
A vascular tissue with very little intercellular matrix specializing in absorption,secretion and protection:
b) Epithelial
a) Nervous
b) Epithelial
c) Connective
d) Areolar
Transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle onto the lungs for oxygenation:
a) Pulmonary Arteries
a) Pulmonary Arteries
b) Right Coronary Arteries
c) Right Coronary Veins
d) Pulmonary Veins
Muscular contraction in which the muscle shortens:
a) Isotonic
a) Isotonic
b) Tetanic
c) Antogonist
d) Isometric
Muscle located on the posterior surface of the lower leg, crossing two joints, which is resposible for plantar flexion of the ankle:
c) Gastrocnemius
a) Rectus Femoris
b) Soleus
c) Gastrocnemius
d) Popliteus
Serous membrane covering the surface of the organs found in the body cavities:
d) Visceral
a) Parietal
b) Mucous
c) Synovial
d) Visceral
Lymph collected from the majority of the body is routed to the left subclavian vein and ultimately the vena cava by this structure:
b) Thoracic Duct
a) Aorta
b) Thoracic Duct
c) Hepatic Portal Vein
d) Pulmonary Vein
A diabetic patient who has unknowingly given himself too much insulin would likely be trying to balance their system by eating foods which contain:
d) Glucose
a) Protein
b) Fat
c) Potassium
d) Glucose
Origin of the Femoral Nerve:
a) Lumbosacral Plexus
a) Lumbosacral Plexus
b) Brachial Plexus
c) Sciatic Notch
d) Posterior Superior Iliac Spine
Muscles resposible for stabilizing the scapula against the chest wall:
d) Serratus Anterior
a) Pectoralis Major
b) Pectoralis Minor
c) Subscapularis
d) Serratus Anterior
This vessel arises from the aorta an delivers oxygenated blood to the myocardium:
c) Coronary Arteries
a) Pulmonary Arteries
b) Pulmonary Veins
c) Coronary Arteries
d) Coronary Veins
The pyloric valve is located between:
d) stomach/small intestine
a) aorta/ventricle
b) esophagus/stomach
c) small/large intestines
d) stomach/small intestine
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system causes
b) decreased heart rate
a) increased heart rate
b) decreased heart rate
c) death
d) none of the above
Transmits nerve impulses from the brain to muscle
c) motor
a) sensory
b) arachnoid
c) motor
d) cecum
Vitamin "D" is synthesized in the:
a) skin
a) skin
b) muscle tissue
c) bone
d) hair
Increasing the angle of a joint:
d) extension
a) flexion
b) rotation
c) circumduction
d) extension
Non-movable type of joint
b) synarthrosis
a) diarthrosis
b) synarthrosis
c) amphiarthrosis
d) none of the above
Part of the brain controlling the "Vital Function":
d) brain stem
a) cerebrum
b) diencephalon
c) cerebellum
d) brain stem
The functional unit of the kidney for urine production
b) nephron
a) adrenal
b) nephron
c) ureter
d) urethra
Which of the following muscles acts with the piriformis to externally rotate the femur?
b) obterator externus
a) gracilis
b) obterator externus
c) pectineus
d) psoas major
Which is not normally reabsorbed by the kidney tubules
c) urea
a) water
b) glucose
c) urea
d) protein
The circulation of blood from the right ventricle through the pulmonary artery to the lung is called:
d) pulmonary circulation
a) renal circulation
b) portal circulation
c) systemic circulation
d) pulmonary circulation
Insulin is secreted by
c) beta cells
a) alpha cells
b) melanocytes
c) beta cells
d) sebaceous glands
Muscle contraction allowing for good posture
d) tonic
a) isotonic
b) isometric
c) tetanic
d) tonic
The cardiac sphincter is found at the distal end of the:
c) esophagus
a) urethra
b) aorta
c) esophagus
d) motor neuron
Name of tissue found covering the articular surface of bones:
a) hyaline
a) hyaline
b) pericardium
c) epidermis
d) periosteum
Also called the master gland
b) anterior pituitary
a) thyroid
b) anterior pituitary
c) adrenal
d) pineal
Structure which initiates stretch reflex in muscle (causing contraction)
b) spindle cell
a) lysosome
b) spindle cell
c) precapillary sphincter
d) none of the above
The three muscles that attach to the coracoid process are:
c) coracobrachialis, short head of biceps, pectoralis minor
a) pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, and subclavius
b) pectoralis minor, long head of biceps, coracobrachialis
c) coracobrachialis, short head of biceps, pectoralis minor
d) coracobrachialis, short head of biceps, pectoralis major
During what kind of excercise does the tone of the muscle increase while its length remains the same?
d) isometric
a) isotonic
b) kinetic
c) isotopic
d) isometric
where do the flexors of the wrist originate?
c) medial epicondyle
a) olecrenon process
b) lateral process
c) medial epicondyle
d) radial tuberosity
Which of the following is a two joint muscle
a) biceps brachii
a) biceps brachii
b) brachialis
c) soleus
d) coracobrachialis
A lateral curve of the spine is a deviation known as
c) scoliosis
a) lordosis
b) kyphosis
c) scoliosis
d) trichinosis
Inversion of the foot by the tibialis anterior turns the sole
a) toward the midline
a) toward the midline
b) downward
c) away from the midline
d) upward
The rotator cuff is found at which joint in the body?
d) scapulohumeral joint
a) radioulnar joint
b) humeroulnar joint
c) sternoclavicular joint
d) scapulohumeral joint
Which type of muscle is responsible for movement of the bones?
c) striated (skeletal)
a) involuntary
b) non-striated (smooth)
c) striated (skeletal)
d) branching (cardiac)
The only bone to bone attachment between the lower appendicular skeleton and the axial skeleton is the:
b) sacroiliac joint
a) sternoclavicular joint
b) sacroiliac joint
c) glenohumeral joint
d) knee joint
The origin of the short head of the biceps brachii is:
a) coracoid process
a) coracoid process
b) ulnar tuberosity
c) radial tuberosity
d) supraglenoid tubercule
The most superficial muscle of the back is the:
a) trapezius
a) trapezius
b) latissimus dorsi
c) rhomboids
d) erector spinae
The motion that can occur between the occiput and atlas is:
c) flexion and extension
a) lateral rotation
b) lateral flexion
c) flexion and extension
d) no motion
Brachialis is the strongest flexor of the
d) elbow
a) wrist
b) humerus
c) hip
d) elbow
Which artery should you be aware of when working in the cerbvical area?
c) carotid
a) radial
b) femoral
c) carotid
d) brachial
The quadriceps muscle tha attaches to the anterior inferior iliac spine is the
d) rectus femoris
a) vastus medialis
b) vastus lateralis
c) vastus intermedius
d) rectus femoris
The gluteal muscle that attaches to the ilitibial tract is the:
b) gluteus maximus
a) gluteus medius
b) gluteus maximus
c) gluteus minimus
d) gluteus intermedius
Which of the following muscles might need to be considered in assessment of the condition CONDROMALACIA PATELLA:
c) rectus femoris
a) tibialis anterior
b) tibialis posterior
c) rectus femoris
d) biceps femoris
Proprioceptor, which when stimulated by tension, causes a lengthening of its associated muscle:
d) golgi tendon organ
a) muscle spindle cell
b) nociceptor
c) st. john cell
d) golgi tendon organ
Which is an example of a "sesamoid" bone?
b) patella
a) distal phalange of the 5th toe
b) patella
c) medial epicondyle
d) hyoid
Which type of cell plays a role in the body's defense against bacteria?
c) leukocytes (WBC's)
a) erythrocytes (RBC's)
b) thrombocytes (platelets)
c) leukocytes (WBC's)
d) fibrocytes (CT cells)
Which type of joint is the moblie?
b) ball and socket
a) saddle
b) ball and socket
c) hinge
d) gliding
Which represents the normal amount of cervical rotation?
c) 0 to 90 degrees
a) 0 to 30 degrees
b) 0 to 45 degrees
c) 0 to 90 degrees
d) 0 to 120 degrees
Name the organelle that is responsible for cellular energy production:
c) mitochondria
a) lysome
b) golgi apparatus
c) mitochondria
d) smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Which point of muscle attachment is considered most movable?
c) insertion
a) proximal
b) origin
c) insertion
d) none of the above
In TCM theory, which element is most associated with the Stomach Channel?
a) Earth
a) Earth
b) Metal
c) Wood
d) Wind
With your client supine on the table, where does the Stomach channel run?
c) between Rectus Femoris and Vastus Lateralis
a) between Rectus Femoris and Vastus Medialis
b) between Semitendinosus and Vastus Medialis
c) between Rectus Femoris and Vastus Lateralis
d) Rectus Femoris and Sartorius
when working on a client with upper back and cervical problems, you discover trigger points in the mid-upper Trapezius and at the Occipital ridge, which TCM channel has points in these same areas?
b) gall bladder
a) liver
b) Gall Bladder
c) Stomach
d) Spleen
In TCM theory, the anterior surface of the human body is considered to be more?
a) Yin
a) Yin
b) Yang
c) difficult to treat
d) appropriate location for treating males
Which of the following channels is considered to be the "confluence" of all the yang channels?
a) Du (Governing vessel)
a) Du (Governing vessel)
b) Ren (Conception vessel)
c) Stomach
d) Large Intestine
Through which channel does Chi flow during the time period of 3am to 5am?
d) Lung
a) Bladder
b) Du
c) Gall Bladder
d) Lung
Which of the five elements is associated with the sound of "Laughing"?
c) Fire
a) Wood
b) Metal
c) Fire
d) Water
Which channel begins at a point on the radial side of the index finger, travels along the arm, the neck and face to end at a point on the opposite side of the body at the naso-labial groove?
d) Large Intestine
a) Stomach
b) Spleen
c) Kidney
d) Large Intestine
Which is the longest channel of the body, is associated with the Water element, begins at the lateral canthus of the eye and ends at a point on the lateral side of the tip of the small toe?
b) Bladder
a) Kidney
b) Bladder
c) Liver
d) Gall Bladder
Which channel begins at a point on the perineum, ascends the midline of the abdomen and terminates at the mentolabial broove of the chin?
c) Ren (Conception vessel)
a) Kidney
b) Bladder
c) Ren (Conception vessel)
d) Du (Governing vessel)
With which organs (channels) is the element of Wood associated?
a) Liver & Gall Bladder
a) Liver & Gall Bladder
b) Stomach & Spleen
c) Lung & Large Intestine
d) Heart & Small Intestine
With which organs (channels) is the season of Summer associated?
d) Heart & Small Intestine
a) Liver & Gall Bladder
b) Stomach & Spleen
c) Lung & Large Intestine
d) Heart & Small Intestine